Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Hundreds of validated evidence-based intervention programs (EBIP) aim to improve families' well-being; however, most are not broadly adopted. As an alternative diffusion strategy, we created wellness centers to reach families' everyday lives with a prevention framework. At two wellness centers, one in a middle-class neighborhood and one in a low-income neighborhood, popular local activity leaders (instructors of martial arts, yoga, sports, music, dancing, Zumba), and motivated parents were trained to be Family Mentors.

Author(s): 
Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane
Swendeman, Dallas
Becker, Kimberly D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unloaded movement facilitation exercises on outcomes for people with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to Cochrane Back Review Group and Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUORUM) guidelines. Exercise effects were reported as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Six high-quality randomized controlled trials were included.

Author(s): 
Slade, Susan C.
Keating, Jennifer L.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To review and synthesize the existing literature on the effects of yoga on cognitive function by determining effect sizes that could serve as a platform to design, calculate statistical power, and implement future studies. METHODS: Through electronic databases, we identified acute studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga that reported cognitive outcomes. Inclusion criteria included the following: use of an objective measure of cognition and sufficient data reported to estimate an effect size.

Author(s): 
Gothe, Neha P.
McAuley, Edward
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: There have been several systematic reviews attempting to evaluate the efficacy of possible treatments for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM). However, information regarding the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has not been comprehensively or systematically covered in these reviews, despite its frequent use in the patient community. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the current literature related to alternative and complementary treatments for ME/CFS and FM.

Author(s): 
Porter, Nicole S.
Jason, Leonard A.
Boulton, Aaron
Bothne, Nancy
Coleman, Blair
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: There have been several systematic reviews attempting to evaluate the efficacy of possible treatments for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM). However, information regarding the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has not been comprehensively or systematically covered in these reviews, despite its frequent use in the patient community. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the current literature related to alternative and complementary treatments for ME/CFS and FM.

Author(s): 
Porter, Nicole S.
Jason, Leonard A.
Boulton, Aaron
Bothne, Nancy
Coleman, Blair
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Surgery

Large databases can be a rich source of clinical and administrative information on broad populations. These datasets are characterized by demographic and clinical data for over 1000 patients from multiple institutions. Since they are often collected and funded for other purposes, their use for secondary analysis increases their utility at relatively low costs. Advantages of large databases as a source include the very large numbers of available patients and their related medical information. Disadvantages include lack of detailed clinical information and absence of causal descriptions.

Author(s): 
Nguyen, Louis L.
Barshes, Neal R.
Publication Title: 
Brain and Cognition

The objective of the current study was to systematically review the evidence of the effect of secular mindfulness techniques on function and structure of the brain. Based on areas known from traditional meditation neuroimaging results, we aimed to explore a neuronal explanation of the stress-reducing effects of the 8-week Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) program.

Author(s): 
Gotink, Rinske A.
Meijboom, Rozanna
Vernooij, Meike W.
Smits, Marion
Hunink, M. G. Myriam
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement

A critical appraisal of the design of clinical trials which examined the effectiveness of various interventions in fibrositis was conducted. Therapeutic interventions included physical fitness, biofeedback, acupuncture, dothiepin, imipramine, cyclobenzaprine, S-adenosylmethionine and amitriptyline. The design and analysis of the randomized, controlled studies render their results reliable. Major areas for methodologic improvement in future trials were identified. Standardized, validated and reliable diagnostic and outcome criteria need to be established.

Author(s): 
Gabriel, S. E.
Bombardier, C.
Publication Title: 
Prescrire International

(1) Acupuncture has been assessed in hundreds of published comparative trials involving thousands of patients in a variety of situations. (2) Most of these trials are handicapped by their poor methodological quality. (3) Systematic reviews have found evidence of specific benefit in the treatment of nausea and vomiting, both postoperatively and during pregnancy. Unfortunately, the practical implications of these results are limited, notably because various methods were used to stimulate the relevant acupuncture points (needle insertion, finger pressure, electrical stimulation).

Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

For 10 years, our unit has intensively researched the efficacy and safety of acupuncture. This is a brief summary of our work in this area. Specifically, it deals with the development of a sham needle, with various systematic reviews and prospective studies in the area of safety, and with our clinical trials and systematic reviews on efficacy. We also hope in the future that we will be able to contribute to the understanding of acupuncture as a therapeutic modality.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.

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