Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Previously reported substance abuse interventions incorporating meditation and spiritual approaches are believed to provide their benefit through modulation of both psychological and pyschosocial factors. A 90-day residential group pilot treatment program for substance abuse that incorporated a comprehensive array of yoga, meditation, spiritual and mind-body techniques was conducted in Amritsar, India. Subjects showed improvements on a number of psychological self-report questionnaires including the Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale and the Quality of Recovery Index.

Author(s): 
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Khalsa, Gurucharan S.
Khalsa, Hargopal K.
Khalsa, Mukta K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

A shift in the psychoanalytic literature is seen to have taken place in the 1960s, when psychoanalysts abandoned the psychoanalysis of patients suffering from addictions. This was due to poor outcomes, and assertions such as Kohut's, that addiction was not analyzable. The author asserts that there is a similarity in the psychological part of all addictions, and that this is seen in his work with addicted patients, including psychoanalysis of addicted patients. Addiction is presented as a pathological solution to a fixation during separation-individuation.

Author(s): 
Johnson, B.
Publication Title: 
Santé Mentale Au Québec

This paper is a retrospective study with a five year follow-up which examines the variations in substance use and the determinants of these variations. This exploratory research studied a sub-sample of 22 participants, selected from an initial sample of 197 patients with concurrent substance use and other mental health disorders. At the quantitative level, the statistical analysis shows an improvement in the problematic use of alcohol and drugs but no change in psychological state, health, family and interpersonals relations, as well as employment.

Author(s): 
Acier, Didier
Nadeau, Louise
Landry, Michel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Author(s): 
Des Jarlais, D. C.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal on Addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions

The authors reviewed the empirical literature concerning the use of twelve-step programs and treatments by patients with co-occurring substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders. Strong evidence was found that dually diagnosed individuals (DDI), with the possible exception of those with psychotic disorders, attend twelve-step programs at rates comparable to non-DDI. Twelve-step involvement is consistently associated with improved substance use outcomes.

Author(s): 
Bogenschutz, Michael P.
Geppert, Cynthia M. A.
George, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

As an increasingly informed public becomes more and more disillusioned with the failure of scientific medicine to live up to its promises and to fulfill popular expectations, attention has been turning to 'holistic,' 'traditional,' 'alternative' or 'complementary' medicine. Forms of medical treatment such as acupuncture, homeopathy, and ayurvedic medicine have infrequently been rigorously evaluated.

Author(s): 
Patel, M. S.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementärmedizin (2006)

This paper focuses on the worldview hypotheses and research design approaches from nonlinear dynamical complex systems (NDS) science that can inform future studies of whole systems of complementary and alternative medicine (WS-CAM), e.g., Ayurveda, traditional Chinese medicine, and homeopathy. The worldview hypotheses that underlie NDS and WS-CAM (contextual, organismic, interactive-integrative - Pepper, 1942) overlap with each other, but differ fundamentally from those of biomedicine (formistic, mechanistic).

Author(s): 
Bell, Iris R.
Koithan, Mary
Pincus, David
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Previously reported substance abuse interventions incorporating meditation and spiritual approaches are believed to provide their benefit through modulation of both psychological and pyschosocial factors. A 90-day residential group pilot treatment program for substance abuse that incorporated a comprehensive array of yoga, meditation, spiritual and mind-body techniques was conducted in Amritsar, India. Subjects showed improvements on a number of psychological self-report questionnaires including the Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale and the Quality of Recovery Index.

Author(s): 
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Khalsa, Gurucharan S.
Khalsa, Hargopal K.
Khalsa, Mukta K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unloaded movement facilitation exercises on outcomes for people with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to Cochrane Back Review Group and Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUORUM) guidelines. Exercise effects were reported as standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Six high-quality randomized controlled trials were included.

Author(s): 
Slade, Susan C.
Keating, Jennifer L.
Publication Title: 
Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Ärzte Des Öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany))

AIM OF THE STUDY: To check the possibilities and limitations of naturopathic treatment in in-patient care, a department of naturopathy was set up as a model project at the Hospital Blankenstein, Hattingen, in January 1997. In accordance with the plans and concepts of the Ministry For Women, Young People, Family And Health of the land North-Rhine Westphalia and the Federation of Statutory Health Insurance bodies, the department of naturopathy is designed to receive scientific support by the Chair of Medicine Theory for a total of three years, starting July 1, 1999.

Author(s): 
Beer, A. M.
Ostermann, T.
Matthiessen, P. F.

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