Oxygen Consumption

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Qigong, a special form of breathing exercise, was investigated to examine its effect on cardiorespiratory changes. Ten volunteers (five males and five females) participated in a 20-minute group instructional session for 10 consecutive days before testing of its treatment effects. The testing protocol followed a C1-T-C2 design, where C1, T, and C2 represented the first, treatment, and second control period, respectively. Each period consisted of a 5-minute interval, and thus each testing session consisted of 15 minutes.

Author(s): 
Lim, Y. A.
Boone, T.
Flarity, J. R.
Thompson, W. R.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The effect of Qigong training on proportions of T lymphocyte subsets was investigated in human peripheral blood. We observed that the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ T lymphocytes was increased as much as 50% in a trainee group who practiced Qigong training more than 5 months compared to a normal healthy group who did not practice. The absolute number of CD4+ T lymphocytes was also elevated in trainee group with 100 cells/mm3 more than in normal healthy group.

Author(s): 
Ryu, H.
Jun, C. D.
Lee, B. S.
Choi, B. M.
Kim, H. M.
Chung, H. T.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The objective of this study was to compare cardiorespiratory responses to exercise among older Qigong participants, Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners and normal sedentary controls during cycle ergometry. Thirty-six community-dwelling men with a mean age of 59.1 +/- 6.6 years participated in this study. Each group (Qigong, TCC and control) included 12 subjects with matched age and body size. The Qigong group practiced Qigong regularly for 2.3 +/- 1.5 years; the TCC group practiced Yang TCC for 4.7 +/- 2.3 years. Heart rate (HR) responses were measured during the practice of Qigong and TCC.

Author(s): 
Lan, Ching
Chou, Shih-Wei
Chen, Ssu-Yuan
Lai, Jin-Shin
Wong, May-Kuen
Publication Title: 
Arthritis and Rheumatism

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of high-intensity aerobic training compared with low-intensity training in terms of energy cost of locomotion, peak oxygen uptake, peak power, and self-reported physical function in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Eighty children with JIA, ages 8-16 years, were enrolled in a randomized, single-blind controlled trial. Both groups participated in a 12-week, 3-times-weekly training program consisting of high-intensity aerobics in the experimental group and qigong in the control group.

Author(s): 
Singh-Grewal, Davinder
Schneiderman-Walker, Jane
Wright, Virginia
Bar-Or, Oded
Beyene, Joseph
Selvadurai, Hiran
Cameron, Bonnie
Laxer, Ronald M.
Schneider, Rayfel
Silverman, Earl D.
Spiegel, Lynn
Tse, Shirley
Leblanc, Claire
Wong, Janice
Stephens, Samantha
Feldman, Brian M.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Neuroscience

The effect of Qigong meditation on the hemodynamics of the prefrontal cortex was investigated by spectroscopy with a single-wavelength probe (650 nm) and confirmed by standard near-infrared spectroscopy with a dual-wavelength probe. Deoxyhemoglobin changes were recorded with the single-wavelength probe over the left prefrontal cortex during meditation by Qigong practitioners, and non-practitioners instructed in the technique. Practitioners showed a significant decrease in deoxyhemoglobin levels suggesting an increase in prefrontal activation during meditation.

Author(s): 
Cheng, Richard W. F.
Borrett, Donald S.
Cheng, Weyland
Kwan, Hon C.
Cheng, Richard S. S.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether therapeutic touch in preterm infants can ameliorate their sensory punctate stimulus response in terms of brain activation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. METHODS: The study included 10 preterm infants at 34-40 weeks' corrected age. Oxyhaemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) concentration, heart rate (HR), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and body movements were recorded during low-intensity sensory punctate stimulation for 1 s with and without therapeutic touch by a neonatal development specialist nurse.

Author(s): 
Honda, Noritsugu
Ohgi, Shohei
Wada, Norihisa
Loo, Kek Khee
Higashimoto, Yuji
Fukuda, Kanji
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether therapeutic touch in preterm infants can ameliorate their sensory punctate stimulus response in terms of brain activation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. METHODS: The study included 10 preterm infants at 34-40 weeks' corrected age. Oxyhaemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) concentration, heart rate (HR), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and body movements were recorded during low-intensity sensory punctate stimulation for 1 s with and without therapeutic touch by a neonatal development specialist nurse.

Author(s): 
Honda, Noritsugu
Ohgi, Shohei
Wada, Norihisa
Loo, Kek Khee
Higashimoto, Yuji
Fukuda, Kanji
Publication Title: 
Chinese Medical Journal

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between acupuncture and cardiopulmonary function in healthy people. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Healthy male volunteers were divided into 3 groups, 16 of persons each Group 1 was treated with acupuncture at points Neiguan (PC6) and Zusanli (ST36): Group 2 was treated with acupuncture at non-acupoints, and Group 3 was taken as control. The effects of resting cardiopulmonary functions were measured with gas analysis system.

Author(s): 
Lin, J. G.
Ho, S. J.
Lin, J. C.
Publication Title: 
Human Brain Mapping

The concept that specific acupuncture points have salubrious effects on distant target organ systems is a salient feature of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In this study, we used a multiple-session experiment to test whether electroacupuncture stimulation at two TCM vision-related acupoints, UB 60 and GB 37, located on the leg, could produce fMRI signal changes in the occipital regions of the brain, and the specificity of this effect when compared with stimulation at an adjacent non-acupoint (NAP). Six normal, acupuncture naive subjects completed the study.

Author(s): 
Kong, Jian
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Webb, Julia Megan
Kong, Jiang-Ti
Sasaki, Yuka
Polich, Ginger R.
Vangel, Mark G.
Kwong, Kenneth
Rosen, Bruce
Gollub, Randy L.
Publication Title: 
Chinese Medical Journal
Author(s): 
Lin, Zen-Pin
Wang, Chung-Yuan
Jang, Tsong-Rong
Ma, Tso-chiang
Chia, Fan
Lin, Jaung-Geng
Hsu, Jen-Jeng
Ho, Tsung-Jung

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