Oxygen Consumption

Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Surya Namaskar (SN), a group of Yogic exercise consists of a set of twelve postures which is practiced by some of the yoga practitioners. The present study was undertaken to observe critically the energy cost and different cardiorespiratory changes during the practice of SN. Twenty-one male volunteers from the Indian Army practiced selected Yogic exercises for six days in a week for three months duration. The Yogic practice schedule consisted of Hatha Yogic Asanas (28 min), Pranayama (10.5 min) and Meditation (5 min).

Author(s): 
Sinha, B.
Ray, U. S.
Pathak, A.
Selvamurthy, W.
Publication Title: 
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

The novelty of this study was to investigate the changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic intensity brought about by the practice of pranayamas (breathing exercises of yoga) and meditation during the same hatha-yoga session. The technique applied was the one advocated by the hatha-yoga system. Nine yoga instructors-five females and four males, mean age of 44+/-11, 6, were subjected to analysis of the gases expired during three distinct periods of 30 min: rest, respiratory exercises and meditative practice.

Author(s): 
Danucalov, Marcello Arias Dias
Simões, Roberto Serafim
Kozasa, Elisa Harumi
Leite, José Roberto
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Slow, deep, pranayama-based breathing training has been shown to be effective in reducing blood pressure (BP). The present study was undertaken to determine immediate effects of performing pranava pranayama on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients. 29 hypertensive patients who were on medical treatment and also attending yoga sessions were recruited for the present study. Supine heart rate (HR) and BP were recorded before and after performance of pranava pranayama for five minutes.

Author(s): 
Bhavanani, Ananda Balayogi
Madanmohan, null
Sanjay, Zeena
Basavaraddi, Ishwar V.
Publication Title: 
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

The novelty of this study was to investigate the changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic intensity brought about by the practice of pranayamas (breathing exercises of yoga) and meditation during the same hatha-yoga session. The technique applied was the one advocated by the hatha-yoga system. Nine yoga instructors-five females and four males, mean age of 44+/-11, 6, were subjected to analysis of the gases expired during three distinct periods of 30 min: rest, respiratory exercises and meditative practice.

Author(s): 
Danucalov, Marcello Arias Dias
Simões, Roberto Serafim
Kozasa, Elisa Harumi
Leite, José Roberto
Publication Title: 
Toxicology Letters

The effect of a mercurial ayurvedic drug (kajyoli), on the concentration of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ in rat liver, kidney and brain, and on the respiratory activity of these tissues is reported. The doses used were 20 mg and 40 mg X day-1 X kg-1 body wt. daily for 30 days, the lower level being equivalent to the human dose. A marked dose-dependent decrease in respiratory activity occurred in the three tissues. The only significant changes seen in the ion concentration were a decrease in Na+ at the higher dose level in the kidney and a dose-dependent decrease in Ca2+ in the liver.

Author(s): 
Mohanty, B. K.
Panda, S. B.
Misra, B. N.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

The effects of ayurvedic herbal mixture Maharishi Amrit Kalash(MAK) were studied on brain lipid peroxidation, oxygen consumption, and lipofuscin accumulation in 10 months and 32 months old guinea pigs. Brain regions studied were cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, cerebellum and spinal cord. Parameters assessed were lipid peroxidation, oxygen consumption, and lipofuscin accumulation. The endogenous lipid peroxide was found to be increased significantly (P < 0.05) in the 32-month-old animals.

Author(s): 
Vohra, B. P.
Sharma, S. P.
Kansal, V. K.
Gupta, S. K.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Exercise training programs have emerged as a useful therapeutic regimen for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Majority of the Western studies highlighted the effective role of exercise in T2DM. Therefore, the main aim was to focus on the extent, type of exercise and its clinical significance in T2DM in order to educate the clinicians from developing countries, especially in Asians.

Author(s): 
Thent, Zar Chi
Das, Srijit
Henry, Leonard Joseph
Publication Title: 
The Gerontologist

Data regarding perceived change were collected as part of a study of the effects of aerobic exercise training on psychological, cognitive, and physiological functioning among 101 healthy older adults. Subjects were assigned randomly to an aerobic exercise group, a yoga control group, or a waiting list group for 16 weeks, after which all subjects participated in aerobic exercise for another 16 weeks.

Author(s): 
Emery, C. F.
Blumenthal, J. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gerontology

The purpose of this study was to determine the psychological, behavioral, and cognitive changes associated with up to 14 months of aerobic exercise training. For the first 4 months of the study, 101 older (greater than 60 years) men and women were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Aerobic exercise, Yoga, or a Waiting List control group. Before and following the intervention, all subjects completed a comprehensive assessment battery, including measures of mood and cognitive functioning.

Author(s): 
Blumenthal, J. A.
Emery, C. F.
Madden, D. J.
Schniebolk, S.
Walsh-Riddle, M.
George, L. K.
McKee, D. C.
Higginbotham, M. B.
Cobb, F. R.
Coleman, R. E.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

A study was undertaken to observe any beneficial effect of yogic practices during training period on the young trainees. 54 trainees of 20-25 years age group were divided randomly in two groups i.e. yoga and control group. Yoga group (23 males and 5 females) was administered yogic practices for the first five months of the course while control group (21 males and 5 females) did not perform yogic exercises during this period. From the 6th to 10th month of training both the groups performed the yogic practices.

Author(s): 
Ray, U. S.
Mukhopadhyaya, S.
Purkayastha, S. S.
Asnani, V.
Tomer, O. S.
Prashad, R.
Thakur, L.
Selvamurthy, W.

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