Palliative Care

Publication Title: 
Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing

The importance of physical activity for chronic disease prevention and management has become generally well accepted. The number of research interventions and publications examining the benefits of physical activity for patients with cancer has been rising steadily. However, much of that research has focused on the impact of physical activity either prior to or early in the cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship process.

Author(s): 
Albrecht, Tara A.
Taylor, Ann Gill
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: There is a pressing need for improved end-of-life care. Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may improve the quality of care but few controlled trials have evaluated CAM at the end of life. OBJECTIVES: To determine the strength of evidence for the benefits of touch and mind-body therapies in seriously ill patients. METHODS: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of massage and mind-body therapies. A PubMed search of English language articles was used to identify the relevant studies.

Author(s): 
Lafferty, William E.
Downey, Lois
McCarty, Rachelle L.
Standish, Leanna J.
Patrick, Donald L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: As terminal disease progresses, health deteriorates and the end of life approaches, people may ask "Why this illness? Why me? Why now?" Such questions may invoke, rekindle or intensify spiritual or religious concerns. Although the processes by which these associations occur are poorly understood, there is some research evidence for associations that are mainly positive between spiritual and religious awareness and wellness, such as emotional health.

Author(s): 
Candy, Bridget
Jones, Louise
Varagunam, Mira
Speck, Peter
Tookman, Adrian
King, Michael
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: There is a pressing need for improved end-of-life care. Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may improve the quality of care but few controlled trials have evaluated CAM at the end of life. OBJECTIVES: To determine the strength of evidence for the benefits of touch and mind-body therapies in seriously ill patients. METHODS: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of massage and mind-body therapies. A PubMed search of English language articles was used to identify the relevant studies.

Author(s): 
Lafferty, William E.
Downey, Lois
McCarty, Rachelle L.
Standish, Leanna J.
Patrick, Donald L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: As terminal disease progresses, health deteriorates and the end of life approaches, people may ask "Why this illness? Why me? Why now?" Such questions may invoke, rekindle or intensify spiritual or religious concerns. Although the processes by which these associations occur are poorly understood, there is some research evidence for associations that are mainly positive between spiritual and religious awareness and wellness, such as emotional health.

Author(s): 
Candy, Bridget
Jones, Louise
Varagunam, Mira
Speck, Peter
Tookman, Adrian
King, Michael
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

CONTEXT: Existential and spiritual concerns in relation to palliative end-of-life care have received increasing attention over the past decade. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature specifically related to existential suffering in palliative care in terms of the significance of existential suffering in end-of-life care, definitions, conceptual frameworks, and interventions. METHODS: A systematic approach was undertaken with the aim of identifying emerging themes in the literature.

Author(s): 
Boston, Patricia
Bruce, Anne
Schreiber, Rita
Publication Title: 
BMC palliative care

BACKGROUND: Music therapy is one of the most frequently used complementary therapies in different palliative care settings. Despite its long tradition and high acceptance by other health-care professionals, evidence on the effectiveness of music therapy interventions for terminally ill patients is rare. Recent reviews and health-care reports consistently point out the need of music therapists to provide an evidence-based rationale for their clinical treatments in this field.

Author(s): 
Warth, Marco
Kessler, Jens
Koenig, Julian
Wormit, Alexander F.
Hillecke, Thomas K.
Bardenheuer, Hubert J.
Publication Title: 
Palliative Medicine

BACKGROUND: There is a need to identify proactive, evidence-based interventions to support informal palliative caregivers. Mindfulness-based interventions, evidenced in the literature as providing physical and mental health benefits for diverse populations, may have application in the setting of palliative caregiving. AIM: To describe, evaluate and synthesise the peer-reviewed literature on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for informal palliative caregivers.

Author(s): 
Jaffray, Linda
Bridgman, Heather
Stephens, Miranda
Skinner, Timothy
Publication Title: 
The Clinical Journal of Pain

BACKGROUND: Biopsychosocial treatments address the range of physical, psychological, and social components of chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: This review sought to determine how effective unimodal and multimodal biopsychosocial approaches are in the treatment of chronic pain. METHODOLOGY: The literature search identified three systematic reviews of the literature and 21 randomized controlled trials to provide the evidence for this review. RESULTS: The systematic reviews and 12 randomized controlled trials reported on chronic low back pain.

Author(s): 
Nielson, W. R.
Weir, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

To review the evidence for efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities in treating pain, dyspnea, and nausea and vomiting in patients near the end of life, original articles were evaluated following a search through MEDLINE, CancerLIT, AIDSLINE, PsycLIT, CINAHL, and Social Work Abstracts databases. Search terms included alternative medicine, palliative care, pain, dyspnea, and nausea. Two independent reviewers extracted data, including study design, subjects, sample size, age, response rate, CAM modality, and outcomes.

Author(s): 
Pan, C. X.
Morrison, R. S.
Ness, J.
Fugh-Berman, A.
Leipzig, R. M.

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