Pancreatitis

Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To observe the apoptosis and oncosis of pancreatic acinar cells and secondary inflammatory reaction in pancreatic tissue from rats with acute pancreatitis (AP), and the influences of artemisinin on them. METHODS: AP was induced by 4 intraperitoneal injections of caerulein at 1 h intervals. To induce apoptosis, solution of artemisinin (50 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally 1, 12, 24 and 36 h after the last caerulein injection. Histological examination of impairment of pancreatic tissue and detection of serum amylase were performed to evaluate the severity of acute pancreatitis.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Ming
Xue, Dong-Bo
Zheng, Biao
Zhang, Wei-Hui
Pan, Shang-ha
Sun, Bei
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

Plasmodium falciparum infection is known to be associated with a spectrum of systemic complications ranging from mild and self-limiting to life-threatening. This case report illustrates a patient who had a protracted course in hospital due to several rare complications of falciparum malaria. A 21-year old man presented with a five-day history of high-grade fever, jaundice and abdominal pain and a two-day history of altered conscious state. A diagnosis of severe falciparum malaria was made based on the clinical presentation and a positive blood smear with parasitaemia of 45%.

Author(s): 
Seshadri, Pratibha
Dev, Anand Vimal
Viggeswarpu, Surekha
Sathyendra, Sowmya
Peter, John Victor
Publication Title: 
HPB surgery: a world journal of hepatic, pancreatic and biliary surgery

Acute necrotising pancreatitis is associated with an unacceptably high mortality for which no satisfactory remedy exists. Emblica officinalis (E.o.) is a plant prescribed in Ayurveda, the Indian traditional system of medicine, for pancreas-related disorders. This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effect of E.o. against acute necrotising pancreatitis in dogs. Pancreatitis was induced by injecting a mixture of trypsin, bile and blood into the duodenal opening of the pancreatic duct.

Author(s): 
Thorat, S. P.
Rege, N. N.
Naik, A. S.
Thatte, U. M.
Joshi, A.
Panicker, K. N.
Bapat, R. D.
Dahanukar, S. A.
Publication Title: 
The Indian Journal of Medical Research

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Curcuma longa (turmeric) has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for inflammatory conditions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of curcumin against acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by caerulein in mouse and to elucidate possible mechanism of curcumin action. METHODS: Curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) was intraperitoneally injected to Kun Ming male mice for 6 days, followed by injection of caerulein to induce AP.

Author(s): 
Yu, Wen-Guang
Xu, Gang
Ren, Gui-Jie
Xu, Xia
Yuan, Hui-Qing
Qi, Xiao-Li
Tian, Ke-Li
Publication Title: 
The Indian Journal of Medical Research

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Curcuma longa (turmeric) has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for inflammatory conditions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of curcumin against acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by caerulein in mouse and to elucidate possible mechanism of curcumin action. METHODS: Curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) was intraperitoneally injected to Kun Ming male mice for 6 days, followed by injection of caerulein to induce AP.

Author(s): 
Yu, Wen-Guang
Xu, Gang
Ren, Gui-Jie
Xu, Xia
Yuan, Hui-Qing
Qi, Xiao-Li
Tian, Ke-Li
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

The inflammatory response during pancreatitis regulates necrotic and apoptotic rates of parenchymal cells. Neutrophil depletion by use of anti-polymorphonuclear serum (anti-PMN) increases apoptosis in experimental pancreatitis but the mechanism has not been determined. Our study was designed to investigate signaling mechanisms in pancreatic parenchymal cells regulating death responses with neutrophil depletion. Rats were neutrophil depleted with anti-PMN treatment. Then cerulein pancreatitis was induced, followed by measurements of apoptosis signaling pathways.

Author(s): 
Nakamura, Yuji
Do, Jae Hyuk
Yuan, Jingzhen
Odinokova, Irina V.
Mareninova, Olga
Gukovskaya, Anna S.
Pandol, Stephen J.
Publication Title: 
Digestive Diseases (Basel, Switzerland)

Alcohol abuse is a common cause of both acute and chronic pancreatitis. There is a wide spectrum of pancreatic manifestations in heavy drinkers from no apparent disease in most individuals to acute inflammatory and necrotizing pancreatitis in a minority of individuals with some progressing to chronic pancreatitis characterized by replacement of the gland by fibrosis and chronic inflammation. Both smoking and African-American ethnicity are associated with increased risk of alcoholic pancreatitis.

Author(s): 
Pandol, Stephen J.
Gorelick, Fred S.
Gerloff, Andreas
Lugea, Aurelia
Publication Title: 
Autophagy

Alcohol abuse is the leading etiologic factor of pancreatitis, although many heavy drinkers do not develop pancreatic damage. Alcohol promotes pancreatitis through a combination of remote (e.g., increased gut permeability to bacterial products such as lipopolysaccharide) and more proximal effects (e.g., altered pancreatic cholinergic inputs), including oxidative damage at the level of the pancreatic acinar cell.

Author(s): 
Lugea, Aurelia
Waldron, Richard T.
French, Samuel W.
Pandol, Stephen J.
Publication Title: 
Pancreatology: official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cigarette smoking has been linked to many diseases, including pancreatic cancer and more recently, pancreatitis. METHODS: Electronic searches of primarily PubMed from 1990 to August 2011 were conducted and only articles published in English were reviewed. Original articles and reviews were selected based on screening of article abstracts and their relevance to tobacco smoking, its components, nicotine and its metabolites, and their effects particularly on the pancreas. RESULTS: Smoking may affect the risk of developing chronic pancreatitis or its progression.

Author(s): 
Alexandre, Martine
Pandol, Stephen J.
Gorelick, Fred S.
Thrower, Edwin C.
Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To investigate a formalized therapeutic guideline for hyperlipidemic severe acute pancreatitis (HL-SAP). METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive patients with severe acute pancreatitis were included in the clinical trial. All of them met the following five criteria for admission to the study, namely the Atlanta classification and stratification system for the clinical diagnosis of SAP, APACHEII score more than 8, time interval for therapeutic intervention less than 72 hours after onset of the disease, serum triglyceride (TG) level 6.8 mmol/l or over, and exclusion of other etiologies.

Author(s): 
Mao, En-Qiang
Tang, Yao-Qing
Zhang, Sheng-Dao

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