Parity

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Human Biology: The Official Journal of the Human Biology Council

Frontier populations provide exceptional opportunities to test the hypothesis of a trade-off between fertility and longevity. In such populations, mechanisms favoring reproduction usually find fertile ground, and if these mechanisms reduce longevity, demographers should observe higher postreproductive mortality among highly fertile women.

Author(s): 
Gagnon, Alain
Smith, Ken R.
Tremblay, Marc
VÈzina, HÈlËne
ParÈ, Paul-Philippe
Desjardins, Bertrand
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology

CONDENSATION: In the Netherlands, regional variations in trends in infant mortality due to perinatal conditions (1984-1994) exist, which could not be explained by health care characteristics (i.e., place or supervision of delivery and the presence of specialised neonatal care). The only sociodemographic factor that showed a consistent correlation with mortality was the percentage of Roman Catholic inhabitants of a region. OBJECTIVE: To describe and explain regional variations in trends in infant mortality due to perinatal conditions.

Author(s): 
Treurniet, H. F.
Looman, C. W.
van der Maas, P. J.
Mackenbach, J. P.
Publication Title: 
Maternal and Child Health Journal

OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in contraceptive use among women of Mexican origin across generations of migration. METHODS: Logit models were used to assess contraceptive use among 1,830 women of Mexican origin in Cycles 5 (1995) and 6 (2002) of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Analyses were stratified by age. Initial models controlled for survey year and underlying differences across generations of migration in age and parity; subsequent models added a range of potential mediating variables.

Author(s): 
Wilson, Ellen K.
Publication Title: 
BMC pregnancy and childbirth

BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal relationships have been associated with psychosocial outcomes for women and children, but there has been a lack of conceptual clarity about the nature of the maternal relationship with the unborn child, and inconsistent findings assessing its predictors. We proposed and tested a model whereby maternal-fetal relationship quality was predicted by factors relating to the quality of the couple relationship and psychological health.

Author(s): 
Walsh, Judi
Hepper, Erica G.
Marshall, Benjamin J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology

The aims of this study were to qualitatively assess the meaning of oocytes and oocyte donation for treatment and research among non-patient women in the UK using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. This study also assessed the application of components of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) in intentions and attitudes towards oocyte donation. Eight parous and nulliparous women from White and South Asian backgrounds, who reported no fertility problems, were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Purewal, Satvinder
Vanden Akker, Olga
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica
Author(s): 
Galeazzi, L.
Minella, E.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of hypnotherapy on the first and second stages of labour in a large group of pregnant women. DESIGN: A semi-prospective case control study in which women attending antenatal clinics were invited to undergo hypnotherapy. SUBJECTS: One hundred twenty-six primigravid women with 300 age matched controls, and 136 parous women having their second baby with 300 age matched controls. Only women who had spontaneous deliveries were included. SETTING: Aberdare District Maternity Unit, Mid Glamorgan, Wales.

Author(s): 
Jenkins, M. W.
Pritchard, M. H.
Publication Title: 
Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

In our institution we have used antenatal training in self-hypnosis for over three years as a tool to provide relaxation, anxiolysis and analgesia for women in labour. To assess the effects of hypnotherapy, we prospectively collected data related to the use of hypnosis in preparation for childbirth, and compared the birth outcomes of women experiencing antenatal hypnosis with parity and gestational age matched controls. METHODS: Prospective data about women taught self-hypnosis in preparation for childbirth were collected between August 2002 and August 2004.

Author(s): 
Cyna, A. M.
Andrew, M. I.
McAuliffe, G. L.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) is a promising new artemisinin combination treatment. There are no published data on the intentional use of the drug in pregnancy. Between June 2006 and January 2007, 50 Karen pregnant women with recurrent P. falciparum infections, despite 7-day treatments with quinine or artesunate (+/-clindamycin) or both, were treated with DHA-PPQ. This rescue treatment was effective and well tolerated and there was no evidence of toxicity for the mothers or the fetus. The PCR adjusted cure rate by Kaplan Meier analysis at day 63 was 92.2% (95% CI: 76.9-97.4).

Author(s): 
Rijken, Marcus J.
McGready, Rose
Boel, Machteld E.
Barends, Marion
Proux, Stephane
Pimanpanarak, Mupawjay
Singhasivanon, Pratap
Nosten, François
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, interest in complementary therapies and alternative medicine has escalated among midwives and the general public in response to increased demand from expectant mothers for more choice, control, and continuity in labor. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore if an aromatherapy and massage intrapartum service (AMIS) reduced the need for analgesia during labor. This article reports results related to the effects of an AMIS on type of analgesia chosen by women in labor, and on rates of anesthesia--one aspect of the full study.

Author(s): 
Dhany, Asha Louise
Mitchell, Theresa
Foy, Chris

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