The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Six papers of special interest to the hypnosis community have recently appeared in the general scientific literatures. Three of these papers were published as part of the 2006 Cochrane Collaboration on the utility of medical interventions. These reviews analyze the research literature on the efficacy of hypnosis for treatment of needle-related pain in children, pain management during childbirth, and conversion disorder.
As U.S. expenditures on acupuncture treatment rise, so does the need to examine specific acupuncture patient subpopulations because their treatment needs and goals vary. This study focused on treatment benefits reported by former obstetric acupuncture patients, which addresses a critical research gap on subjective patient experiences. Of 265 former clinic patients, 137 (51.7%) completed an internet survey with an open-ended question on treatment benefits.
Glucocorticoids are thought to play an important role in parturition. Two recent articles by Di Stefano et al. in the Archives and Wang et al. in this issue of Science Signaling reveal novel mechanisms by which glucocorticoid signaling can drive the epigenetic and transcriptional machinery to induce molecules involved in parturition, including the neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and the autacoid hormone prostaglandin E2. These findings contribute to our understanding of how glucocorticoids may regulate human parturition.
Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors are one of many that contribute to the increased risk of a psychiatric disorder's occurrence after childbirth. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to determine the relation between psychological variables, such as sense of self-efficacy and dispositional optimism, and the risk of mood disorder's occurrence in women after childbirth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred eighty five women, who gave birth in the University Hospital no. 2 in Bydgoszcz, took part in the study.
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of Taegyo-focused prenatal classes on maternal-fetal attachment and self-efficacy related to childbirth. METHODS: Over 4 weeks, 49 women, 20 to 36 weeks of gestation participated in a prenatal program led by the nurse who developed it. In addition to Lamaze content it included; understanding ability of fetus to respond, sharing motivation, purpose of pregnancy, and preconceptions of experiencing childbirth, training in maternal-fetal interaction, writing letters and making a declaration of love to unborn baby.
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Research in the West has increasingly recognized the importance of understanding the perceptions and experiences of young pregnant females; however, limited studies are available in Chinese societies. This paper investigates the experiences of 10 young pregnant Chinese females living in Hong Kong. Through the use of individual interviews and the method of interpretive phenomenological analysis, the researchers were able to explore how the research participants made sense of their personal and social worlds.
BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Women's perceptions of childbirth are defined within sociocultural context. Listening to the voices of women is essential to increase nurses' sensitivity to the needs of childbearing women and help nurses provide culturally competent healthcare. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to identify Australian women's perceptions of giving birth. METHOD: Seventeen Australian women who had given birth in the past 12 months participated in audiotaped interviews. Trustworthiness of the findings was ensured.
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
BACKGROUND: Women born outside Australia make up more than a fifth of the Queensland birthing population and like migrants in other parts of the world face the challenges of cultural dislocation and possible language barriers. Recognising that labour and birth are major life events the aim was to investigate the experiences of these women in comparison to native-born English speaking women. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a population based survey of women who had recently birthed in Queensland.
In narratives of displaced Karen women from Burma, both before and after resettlement in Australia, women framed their birthing experiences with those of persecution and displacement. Although grateful for the security of resettlement in Australia, social inclusion was negligible and women's birthing experiences occurred in that context. Women described the impact of the lack of interpreting services in Australian hospitals and an absence of personal and communal care that they expected.
A descriptive exploratory study with qualitative approach was carried out in the Municipal Maternity of Londrina, Paran·, Brazil, with the aim of assessing the knowledge of parents as to the rights of the partner during labor and delivery, and to find out about his experience during the birth of his child. Forty young fathers experiencing the birth of their first child were interviewed from June 15th to June 22nd, 2006. It was verified that they were unaware of their right to be present during these events, attributing their presence to the generosity of the medical team.