Patient Dropouts

Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

A systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of meditative movement therapies (Qigong, Tai Chi and Yoga) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) was carried out. We screened Clinicaltrials.Gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus (through December 2010) and the reference sections of original studies for meditative movement therapies (MMT) in FMS. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing MMT to controls were analysed. Outcomes of efficacy were pain, sleep, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Langhorst, Jost
Klose, Petra
Dobos, Gustav J.
Bernardy, Kathrin
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

A systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of meditative movement therapies (Qigong, Tai Chi and Yoga) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) was carried out. We screened Clinicaltrials.Gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus (through December 2010) and the reference sections of original studies for meditative movement therapies (MMT) in FMS. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing MMT to controls were analysed. Outcomes of efficacy were pain, sleep, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Langhorst, Jost
Klose, Petra
Dobos, Gustav J.
Bernardy, Kathrin
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

A systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of meditative movement therapies (Qigong, Tai Chi and Yoga) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) was carried out. We screened Clinicaltrials.Gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus (through December 2010) and the reference sections of original studies for meditative movement therapies (MMT) in FMS. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing MMT to controls were analysed. Outcomes of efficacy were pain, sleep, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Langhorst, Jost
Klose, Petra
Dobos, Gustav J.
Bernardy, Kathrin
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America

In this article, the authors assess the successes, remaining challenges, and new developments in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. They define CBT, examine treatment components, review treatment efficacy, and discuss the challenges of attrition, long-term follow-up, co-occurring/comorbid disorders, limited treatment comparisons, treatment mediators, and broader implementation.

Author(s): 
Arch, Joanna J.
Craske, Michelle G.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

A systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of meditative movement therapies (Qigong, Tai Chi and Yoga) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) was carried out. We screened Clinicaltrials.Gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus (through December 2010) and the reference sections of original studies for meditative movement therapies (MMT) in FMS. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing MMT to controls were analysed. Outcomes of efficacy were pain, sleep, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Langhorst, Jost
Klose, Petra
Dobos, Gustav J.
Bernardy, Kathrin
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are conditions characterized by physical anomalies, neurodevelopmental abnormalities, and neurocognitive deficits, including intellectual, executive, and memory deficits. There are no specific biological treatments for FASDs, but rodent models have shown that prenatal or postnatal choline supplementation reduces cognitive and behavioral deficits. Potential mechanisms include phospholipid production for axonal growth and myelination, acetylcholine enhancement, and epigenetic effects.

Author(s): 
Wozniak, Jeffrey R.
Fuglestad, Anita J.
Eckerle, Judith K.
Fink, Birgit A.
Hoecker, Heather L.
Boys, Christopher J.
Radke, Joshua P.
Kroupina, Maria G.
Miller, Neely C.
Brearley, Ann M.
Zeisel, Steven H.
Georgieff, Michael K.
Publication Title: 
Administration and Policy in Mental Health

Administrative data were used to examine early dropout among 16,451 health plan members calling to request psychotherapy for depression. Compared to members referred to group-model therapists, those referred to network-model therapists were more likely to drop out before the initial visit (OR 2.33, 95% CI 2.17-2.50) but less likely to drop out after the first visit (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.43-0.48). These differences were unaffected by adjustment for neighborhood income and educational attainment, antidepressant use, or generosity of insurance coverage.

Author(s): 
Simon, Gregory E.
Ding, Victoria
Hubbard, Rebecca
Fishman, Paul
Ludman, Evette
Morales, Leo
Operskalski, Belinda
Savarino, James
Publication Title: 
Patient Education and Counseling

This study identified participants' reasons for good, marginal or poor adherence, or withdrawing from community-based clinical studies using a dietary and/or drug intervention. Adults aged 48-75 years participated in one of three studies related to decreasing colon polyp recurrence. Qualitative data from progress notes (N = 675) and end-of-study evaluations (N = 87) were coded using constant comparative analysis with 100% content validity panel agreement.

Author(s): 
Atwood, J. R.
Haase, J.
Rees-McGee, S.
Blackwell, G.
Giordano, L.
Earnest, D.
Alberts, D.
Sheehan, E.
Benedict, J.
Aickin, M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

PURPOSE: To evaluate the importance of 13 items in the recruitment and retention of HIV-positive and HIV-negative adolescent participants in a longitudinal study (REACH study). METHODS: A confidential, self-administered, visual analog, cross-sectional survey was offered to active participants (November 1999-August 2000) with 438 subjects (86%) participating. Sixty-six percent of the cohort were HIV-positive and 34% were HIV-negative with a mean age of 17 years, and 76% were female.

Author(s): 
Stanford, Paulette D.
Monte, Dina A.
Briggs, Felecia M.
Flynn, Patricia M.
Tanney, Mary
Ellenberg, Jonas H.
Clingan, Kathy L.
Rogers, Audrey Smith
Reaching for Excellence in Adolescent Care and Health Project
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of interventions being delivered online, and an expanding body of research to assess the effectiveness of such interventions. Yet, little is known about the motivations for participating in online research. Furthermore, internet interventions and online research studies are characterised by poor adherence and high attrition rates. This study aimed to explore participant motivations for taking part in an online trial of an internet intervention and the reasons for continuing.

Author(s): 
Todkill, Daniel
Powell, John

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