Patient Readmission

Publication Title: 
Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes

BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs, such as optimism, are associated with beneficial health outcomes. However, no study has separately examined the effects of multiple positive psychological constructs on behavioral, biological, and clinical outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Accordingly, we aimed to investigate associations of baseline optimism and gratitude with subsequent physical activity, prognostic biomarkers, and cardiac rehospitalizations in post-ACS patients.

Author(s): 
Huffman, Jeff C.
Beale, Eleanor E.
Celano, Christopher M.
Beach, Scott R.
Belcher, Arianna M.
Moore, Shannon V.
Suarez, Laura
Motiwala, Shweta R.
Gandhi, Parul U.
Gaggin, Hanna K.
Januzzi, James L.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatrische Praxis

The term "stalking" literally means "to follow, to pursue". In a psychiatric context stalking describes a syndrome of pathological behavior, which is characterized by notorious following menacing, harassing and contacting a victim against its declared will. The patterns of behavior summarized as "stalking" have been the matter of interest for psychiatric research for a long time, e. g. as annoyance in the context of erotomania. This syndrome of stalking behavior can be associated with a variety of psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Kamleiter, Martin
Laakmann, Gregor
Publication Title: 
Soins. Psychiatrie

Erotomania is a dangerous pathology which is based up on the three stages of hope, pique and rancour. In the relationship, it implies the personal commitment of the therapist who must proceed with great care. Reducing, or eliminating this dangerousness is one aim but must not constitute the only goal.

Author(s): 
Goullieux, Etienne
Publication Title: 
Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes

BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs, such as optimism, are associated with beneficial health outcomes. However, no study has separately examined the effects of multiple positive psychological constructs on behavioral, biological, and clinical outcomes after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Accordingly, we aimed to investigate associations of baseline optimism and gratitude with subsequent physical activity, prognostic biomarkers, and cardiac rehospitalizations in post-ACS patients.

Author(s): 
Huffman, Jeff C.
Beale, Eleanor E.
Celano, Christopher M.
Beach, Scott R.
Belcher, Arianna M.
Moore, Shannon V.
Suarez, Laura
Motiwala, Shweta R.
Gandhi, Parul U.
Gaggin, Hanna K.
Januzzi, James L.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

OBJECTIVE: States vary greatly in their support for home- and community-based services (HCBS) that are intended to help disabled seniors live in the community. This article examines how states' generosity in providing HCBS affects the risk of nursing home admission among older Americans and how family availability moderates such effects. METHODS: We conducted discrete time survival analysis of first long-term (90 or more days) nursing home admissions that occurred between 1995 and 2002, using Health and Retirement Study panel data from respondents born in 1923 or earlier.

Author(s): 
Muramatsu, Naoko
Yin, Hongjun
Campbell, Richard T.
Hoyem, Ruby L.
Jacob, Martha A.
Ross, Christopher O.
Publication Title: 
Health Services Research

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of states' Medicaid bed-hold policies on the 30-day rehospitalization of Medicare postacute skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents. DATA SOURCES: Minimum data set assessments were merged with Medicare claims and eligibility files for all first-time SNF admissions (N = 3,322,088) over the period 2000 through 2005; states' Medicaid bed-hold policies were obtained via survey.

Author(s): 
Grabowski, David C.
Feng, Zhanlian
Intrator, Orna
Mor, Vincent
Publication Title: 
Health Services Research

BACKGROUND: Fiscal constraints faced by Medicare are leading to policies designed to reduce expenditures. Evidence of the effect of reduced reimbursement on the mortality of Medicare patients discharged from all major hospital service lines is limited. METHODS: We modeled risk-adjusted 30-day mortality of patients discharged from 21 hospital service lines as a function of service line profitability, service line time trends, and hospital service line and year-fixed effects. We simulated the effect of alternative revenue-neutral reimbursement policies on mortality.

Author(s): 
Lindrooth, Richard C.
Konetzka, R. Tamara
Navathe, Amol S.
Zhu, Jingsan
Chen, Wei
Volpp, Kevin
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Traumatic events of many sorts result in the now familiar symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Many accounts have been published of the helpful role of hypnosis in symptom amelioration when the symptom onset is immediate, or even delayed,following the trauma. For some patients, though, a virtual collapse of adaptive functioning occurs after long periods of relatively symptom-free functioning. For such individuals, the relevance of the earlier trauma to their current problems may not be recognized, either by those treating them or by themselves.

Author(s): 
Smith, William H.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

Individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse diagnoses experience high rehospitalization rates. Consumer-delivered services are recognized as an important intervention for this population, but no studies have examined the extent to which such services are associated with enhanced community tenure and prevention of rehospitalizations. This longitudinal, comparison group study examines the effect of participation in The Friends Connection, a peer support program for individuals with co-occurring disorders, on 3-year rehospitalization patterns.

Author(s): 
Min, So-Young
Whitecraft, Jeanie
Rothbard, Aileen B.
Salzer, Mark S.
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intercessory prayer, a widely practiced complementary therapy, on cardiovascular disease progression after hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial conducted between 1997 and 1999, a total of 799 coronary care unit patients were randomized at hospital discharge to the intercessory prayer group or to the control group. Intercessory prayer, ie, prayer by 1 or more persons on behalf of another, was administered at least once a week for 26 weeks by 5 intercessors per patient.

Author(s): 
Aviles, J. M.
Whelan, S. E.
Hernke, D. A.
Williams, B. A.
Kenny, K. E.
O'Fallon, W. M.
Kopecky, S. L.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Patient Readmission