Patient Rights

Publication Title: 
Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice

A bill was introduced into the Tennessee legislature in the 2005 session that would require emergency departments to offer and dispense emergency contraception to sexual assault survivors who are at risk of pregnancy. Several advocacy groups collaborated to form the Women's Health Safety Network for the purpose of communicating as one voice. The advocacy coalition framework of policy development is applied to the political system and is used as a model to discuss issues impacting policy development for this particular bill.

Author(s): 
Schorn, Mavis N.
Publication Title: 
Recenti Progressi in Medicina

Bioethics was born in an environment of rules that have traditionally governed relationships between health care providers and patients, as an innovation based on two strong points: the ability to transcend the paternalism of doctors and the acceptance of a plurality of ethics that characterize our societies. The new relationships that were born from bioethics require recognition and respect for the autonomy of the individual, even when they are sick.

Author(s): 
Spinsanti, Sandro
Publication Title: 
Intensive Care Medicine

PURPOSE: This study explored differences in end-of-life (EOL) decisions and respect for patient autonomy of religious members versus those only affiliated to that particular religion (affiliated is a member without strong religious feelings). METHODS: In 2005 structured questionnaires regarding EOL decisions were distributed in six European countries to ICUs in 142 hospital ICUs. This sub-study of the original data analyzed answers from Protestants, Catholics and Jews. RESULTS: A total of 304 physicians, 386 nurses, 248 patients and 330 family members were included in the study.

Author(s): 
B¸low, Hans-Henrik
Sprung, Charles L.
Baras, Mario
Carmel, Sara
Svantesson, Mia
Benbenishty, Julie
Maia, Paulo A.
Beishuizen, Albertus
Cohen, Simon
Nalos, Daniel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

Arguments are advanced, on a pragmatic basis, for preferring a 'situational' approach to medical ethical problems, rather than an approach based on any one of the dogmatic formulations on offer. The consequences of such a preference are exemplified in relation to confidentiality; and in relation to the ethical dilemmas which surround the beginning and the end of terrestrial human life.

Author(s): 
Black, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

Arguments are advanced, on a pragmatic basis, for preferring a 'situational' approach to medical ethical problems, rather than an approach based on any one of the dogmatic formulations on offer. The consequences of such a preference are exemplified in relation to confidentiality; and in relation to the ethical dilemmas which surround the beginning and the end of terrestrial human life.

Author(s): 
Black, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine

Preservation of dignity is frequently emphasized as a basic patient's right in national and international nursing codes of ethics and is indeed the essence and core of nursing care. It is therefore essential to explore the concept based on patients' lived experiences in order to maintain and respect their dignity and consequently improve the quality of health services and patient satisfaction. The present study aimed to discover the lived experiences of Iranian patients regarding maintaining their dignity at the bedside.

Author(s): 
Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali
Manookian, Arpi
Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Alireza
Publication Title: 
Recenti Progressi in Medicina

Bioethical reflection is often raised to qualify medical treatment in relation to the concept of "dignity" of the human being. In philosophy, the concept of human dignity is used to refer to the intrinsic value of every human being but it has been framed in many different ways depending on the theoretical matrix we refer to.

Author(s): 
Mazzon, Davide
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

The main purpose of this paper is to clarify some senses of dignity that are particularly relevant for the treatment and care of the elderly. I make a distinction between two quite different ideas of dignity, on the one hand the basic kind of dignity possessed by every human being, and on the other hand the dignity which is the result of a person's merits, whether these be inherited or achieved.

Author(s): 
Nordenfelt, Lennart
Publication Title: 
Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica: Organo Ufficiale Della Societa Italiana Di Otorinolaringologia E Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale

The principle of informed consent, aimed at the lawfulness of health assistance, tends to reflect the concept of autonomy and of decisional autodetermination of the person requiring and requesting medical and/or surgical interventions. This legal formula, over the last few years, has gained not only considerable space but also importance in the doctrinal elaboration and approaches, as well as juridical interpretations, thereby influencing the everyday activities of the medical profession.

Author(s): 
Mallardi, V.
Publication Title: 
Wiadomosci Lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland: 1960)

Contemporary programs of counteracting to HIV/AIDS must include a component of shaping positive attitudes towards people infected with the HIV virus. A pro-social, empathic attitude of medical circles can be a guarantee of safe, mutual interactions. Recognition and correction of the attitude of medical staff who enter into different interactions with a seropositive patient is very important if we are to improve the quality of medical care in Poland, a country standing for EU.

Author(s): 
Ko?odziej, Wies?awa

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