Periodontitis

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

AIM: To critically appraise and evaluate the evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) examining the effectiveness of oil pulling on oro dental hygiene. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Amed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl databases from inception to February 2015, and assessed reporting quality using the Cochrane risk of bias criteria. We included RCTs that compared oil pulling using conventional cooking oils with a control intervention. Our primary outcomes were measures of oro dental hygiene using validated scales.

Author(s): 
Gbinigie, Oghenekome
Onakpoya, Igho
Spencer, Elizabeth
McCall MacBain, Marcy
Heneghan, Carl
Publication Title: 
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

Ayurveda is considered as the "science of life," because the ancient Indian system of health care focused views of man and his illness. India has an age-old heritage of traditional herbal medicine. Conventional drugs usually provide effective antibiotic therapy for bacterial infections, but there is an increasing problem of antibiotic resistance and a continuing need for new solutions. Hence, now herbal drugs are being preferred to synthetic antibiotics. 'Triphala' is a well-known powdered preparation in the Indian system of medicine (ISM).

Author(s): 
Prakash, Shobha
Shelke, Anup U.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The fruit of the Terminalia chebula tree has been widely used for the treatment of various disorders. Its anti-diabetic, anti-mutagenic, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-viral effects have been studied. Dental plaque bacteria (DPB) are intimately associated with gingivitis and periodontitis. In the quest for materials that will prove useful in the treatment and prevention of periodontal disease, we investigated the preventive effects of an ethanol extract of Terminalia chebula (EETC) on DPB-induced inflammation and bone resorption.

Author(s): 
Lee, Jongsung
Nho, Youn Hwa
Yun, Seok Kyun
Hwang, Young Sun
Publication Title: 
World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics

The dental problems of the elderly, though they may seem slight, can have far-reaching effects on both health and quality of life. The complexity and variety of potential physical and psychosocial problems of older citizens require a multidisciplinary management approach. Dental team members need to target appropriate resources outside of the dental office, and nondental care providers need to attend to dental needs as well as other more evident problems. Only in this way can we help to optimize the health and longevity of this ever-increasing segment of the population.

Author(s): 
Palmer, C. A.
Papas, A. S.
Publication Title: 
Oral Microbiology and Immunology

The relative avidity and titer of antibodies representing the 4 immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses (IgG1-4) reactive with Porphyromonas gingivalis, P. gingivalis-lipopolysaccharide (-LPS), streptokinase (SK) and tetanus toxoid (TT) in the sera of patients having adult periodontitis and of healthy controls were measured. Patient antibody titers to P. gingivalis and P. gingivalis-LPS were found to be significantly elevated for IgG, IgG1 (no P. gingivalis-LPS antibodies) and IgG2. The predominant antibody response to P. gingivalis and P. gingivalis-LPS occurred in the IgG2 subclass.

Author(s): 
Lopatin, D. E.
Blackburn, E.
Publication Title: 
Infection and Immunity

Incubation of mammalian tumor cells with either soluble of insoluble fractions (10 to 100 micrograms/ml) of Fusobacterium nucleatum sensitizes them to the destructive activity of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) effector cells in the presence of anti-F. nucleatum antisera. All three types of ADCC effector cells are capable of destroying F. nucleatum-sensitized target cells with varying degrees of effectiveness (lymphocytes much greater than monocytes greater than neutrophils). Hyperimmune rabbit anti-F. nucleatum antisera were active at a dilution as high as 1/100,000.

Author(s): 
Lopatin, D. E.
Blackburn, E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Periodontology

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the inhibitory activity of triphala on PMN-type matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-9) expressed in adult periodontitis patients and compared its activity with another ayurvedic drug, kamillosan, and doxycycline, which has known inhibitory activity. METHODS: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were extracted from gingival tissue samples from 10 patients (six males, four females) with chronic periodontitis.

Author(s): 
Abraham, Sajith
Kumar, M. Senthil
Sehgal, P. K.
Nitish, S.
Jayakumar, N. D.
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal

A hope and a prayer, and a healthy measure of innovative inspiration, makes Dohnavur a surprisingly archaic, but reassuringly effective hospital, despite the appalling shortage of funds and equipment. Rebekah Anderson and Helen Fuller spent the month of their student elective in southern India and here reveal some of the dental anachronisms they encountered.

Author(s): 
Anderson, R.
Fuller, H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a common, chronic inflammatory disease. Although n-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties, it is unclear whether n-3 fatty acids can treat or prevent periodontitis. METHOD: We studied 9,182 adults aged 20 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 1999 and 2004. Periodontitis was assessed by dental exam and was defined as >4 mm pocket depth and >3 mm attachment loss in any one tooth. Intake of n-3 fatty acids was assessed by 24-hour dietary recall.

Author(s): 
Naqvi, Asghar Z.
Buettner, Catherine
Phillips, Russell S.
Davis, Roger B.
Mukamal, Kenneth J.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

INTRODUCTION: This investigation extends our previous dental data collection pilot study with the following main aims: to gain insight into the periodontal complaints that dentists in the UK treat using individualised homeopathic prescription; to record patient-assessed change in severity of treated complaint (acute or chronic); to determine periodontal pocket depth (PPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dentists recorded data systematically at 249 homeopathic appointments in 51 patients over a period of 18 months.

Author(s): 
Farrer, S.
Baitson, E. S.
Gedah, L.
Norman, C.
Darby, P.
Mathie, R. T.

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