Perioperative Care

Publication Title: 
Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie

Studies investigating the effects of adjunctive psychological interventions to surgical routine care are summarized as a narrative review of existing meta-analyses. Primary studies evaluate the effects of the provision of information, supportive approaches, coping skills training, behavioural instructions, cognitive-behavioural strategies, relaxation, and hypnosis. The meta-analyses include studies of different methodological quality, also considering non-randomized trials, and indicate small to large effects depending on the type of intervention and outcome measure.

Author(s): 
Tefikow, Susan
Rosendahl, Jenny
Strauß, Bernhard
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Non-pharmaceutical procedures are increasingly being used in pediatric pain therapy in addition to pharmaceutical procedures and have a supporting function. This article describes the non-pharmaceutical procedures which have an influence on perioperative and posttraumatic pain in children and adolescents. Prerequisites for every adequate pain therapy are affection, imparting a feeling of security, distraction and the creation of a child-oriented environment. Topical analgesics are indicated for application to intact skin for surface anesthesia.

Author(s): 
Messerer, B.
Krauss-Stoisser, B.
Urlesberger, B.
Publication Title: 
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology

Acupuncture and related techniques are increasingly practised in anaesthesia. This paper reviews the current evidence and applicability of acupuncture and related techniques for anaesthetic procedures and postoperative nausea and vomiting. Recent evidence suggests that manual acupuncture is effective for reducing preoperative anxiety and for postoperative pain relief. Current available data do not support the use of acupuncture as an adjunct to the general anaesthetic in the intraoperative setting.

Author(s): 
Lee, Anna
Chan, Simon
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Anaesthesia

Postoperative pain management remains a significant challenge for all healthcare providers. The objective of this systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture and related techniques as adjunct analgesics for acute postoperative pain management. We searched the databases of Medline (1966-2007), CINAHL, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2006), and Scopus for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using acupuncture for postoperative pain management.

Author(s): 
Sun, Y.
Gan, T. J.
Dubose, J. W.
Habib, A. S.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Anaesthesia

Postoperative pain management remains a significant challenge for all healthcare providers. The objective of this systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture and related techniques as adjunct analgesics for acute postoperative pain management. We searched the databases of Medline (1966-2007), CINAHL, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2006), and Scopus for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using acupuncture for postoperative pain management.

Author(s): 
Sun, Y.
Gan, T. J.
Dubose, J. W.
Habib, A. S.
Publication Title: 
The Laryngoscope

OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been shown to reduce pain, nausea, and vomiting. However, its use alongside surgical interventions remains a novel practice, despite the increasing applications of alternative medicine. The goal of this meta-analysis was to perform a systematic review of the literature addressing the effect of acupuncture on postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting following tonsillectomy. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane database. METHODS: Two authors independently searched the databases from the inception of article collection until June 2015.

Author(s): 
Cho, Hye Kyung
Park, In Joon
Jeong, Yeon Min
Lee, Yeon Ji
Hwang, Se Hwan
Publication Title: 
Revue De Laryngologie - Otologie - Rhinologie

OBJECTIVE: Authors reported the results of a study on the application of immunonutrion in peri-operative (pre and postoperative) in head and neck cancer for all patients malnourished or not. In preoperative we used an oral treatmentand in postoperative an enteral one. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study concerning 78 patients (47 malnourished versus 31 not) having had heavy head and neck curative cancerology surgery. The mean follow up was of 10 months (from 7 to 16 month).

Author(s): 
Mayaleh, H. Abou
Vayer, C.
Amsellem, C.
Bouvet, A.
Duval, N.
Poiree, B.
Tran, M.
Lepeltier, V.
Hitier, M.
Rame, J. P.
Louis, Y.
De Raucourt, D.
Publication Title: 
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety

BACKGROUND: For Ascension Health's Healthcare That Is Safe strategy, Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH) and Columbia St. Mary's (CSM) served as alpha sites to develop strategies to eliminate perioperative adverse events (POAEs). The alpha sites set an interim goal of a 50% reduction of POAEs, then 100%, or elimination of POAEs by July 2008.

Author(s): 
Ewing, Hella
Bruder, Greg
Baroco, Paul
Hill, Maria
Sparkman, Lora P.
Publication Title: 
Eye Science

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of preoperative visits on patients' psychology, physiology, and behavior during the perioperative period of eye surgery under local anesthesia, with the aim of enhancing patients' cooperation with the surgery and improving their degree of satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 240 patients scheduled to undergo eye surgery between August and October 2013 were randomly divided into an observation (n = 120) and a control (n = 120) group. Patients in the observation group attended preoperative visits with nurses and received conventional nursing care.

Author(s): 
Wu, Dan
Chen, Yingjun
Wu, Yanchun
Li, Haihuan
Fu, Miaoyu
Liu, Yanchan
Publication Title: 
Pflege

Little is known both about how women suffering from breast cancer cope with their illness in the perioperative phase and about the ability of nurses to assess this. By means of the self-rating and external rating versions respectively of the Bernese Coping Modes (BEFO), it was determined how breast cancer patients cope with their illness during primary surgical therapy. External rating was carried out by the nurses and two researchers. The nurses' rating based on their daily care experiences, and the researcher's rating based on a half-standardized interview.

Author(s): 
Holtgr‰we, Martina
Pinkert, Christiane
Remmers, Hartmut

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