Peripheral Vascular Diseases

Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing

The purpose of this integrative review is to describe and assess randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce peripheral arterial disease (PAD) risk factors among African Americans, given the high morbidity and mortality associated with PAD and the poorer outcomes in African Americans with PAD. The reviewed studies include non-pharmacological interventions aimed at the reduction of hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure and lipids in African-American patients with the causal PAD risk factors of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Author(s): 
Eastridge, Diana K.
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

While peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects a considerable proportion of patients in the primary care setting, there is a high level of use of complementary treatment options. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of any type of complementary therapy for peripheral arterial disease. A systematic review was performed. Literature searches were conducted on Medline, Embase, Amed, and the Cochrane Library until December 2004. Hand-searches of medical journals and bibliographies were conducted. There were no restrictions regarding the language of publication.

Author(s): 
Pittler, Max H.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery

AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.

Author(s): 
Bergqvist, D.
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

While peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects a considerable proportion of patients in the primary care setting, there is a high level of use of complementary treatment options. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of any type of complementary therapy for peripheral arterial disease. A systematic review was performed. Literature searches were conducted on Medline, Embase, Amed, and the Cochrane Library until December 2004. Hand-searches of medical journals and bibliographies were conducted. There were no restrictions regarding the language of publication.

Author(s): 
Pittler, Max H.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: The Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery

AIM: To systematically review the literature on vascular injuries caused by acupuncture. METHOD: Systematic literature search in Medline and PubMed. RESULTS: Twentyone cases were identified and the majority developed symptoms in direct connection with the acupuncture treatment. Three patients died, two from pericardial tamponade and one from an aortoduodenal fistula. There were five more tamponades, seven pseudoaneurysms, two with ischaemia, two with venous thrombosis, one with compartment syndrome and one with bleeding. The two patients with ischaemia had remaining sequeleae.

Author(s): 
Bergqvist, D.
Publication Title: 
Comprehensive Physiology

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common vascular disease that reduces blood flow capacity to the legs of patients. PAD leads to exercise intolerance that can progress in severity to greatly limit mobility, and in advanced cases leads to frank ischemia with pain at rest. It is estimated that 12 to 15 million people in the United States are diagnosed with PAD, with a much larger population that is undiagnosed. The presence of PAD predicts a 50% to 1500% increase in morbidity and mortality, depending on severity.

Author(s): 
Haas, Tara L.
Lloyd, Pamela G.
Yang, Hsiao-Tung
Terjung, Ronald L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether 3 months of lipoic acid (LA) supplementation improved walking tolerance and delayed claudication pain onset in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, controlled study. SETTING: General Clinical Research Center. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight (28) participants (15 men, 13 women) with PAD (ankle brachial index range 0.9-0.4, mean age 73.2 +/- 1.6 years). INTERVENTION: LA (600 mg/day) or placebo for 3 months.

Author(s): 
Vincent, Heather K.
Bourguignon, Cheryl M.
Vincent, Kevin R.
Taylor, Ann G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

PURPOSE: Medical therapies for treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD) are limited. Ginkgo biloba has been reported to increase maximal and pain-free walking distance among patients with PAD; however, the evidence is inconsistent. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of 300 mg/d of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) versus placebo on treadmill walking time and related cardiovascular measures among patients with PAD. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design trial with a 4-month duration was used.

Author(s): 
Gardner, Christopher D.
Taylor-Piliae, Ruth E.
Kiazand, Alexandre
Nicholus, Joel
Rigby, Alison J.
Farquhar, John W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing

The purpose of this integrative review is to describe and assess randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce peripheral arterial disease (PAD) risk factors among African Americans, given the high morbidity and mortality associated with PAD and the poorer outcomes in African Americans with PAD. The reviewed studies include non-pharmacological interventions aimed at the reduction of hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure and lipids in African-American patients with the causal PAD risk factors of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Author(s): 
Eastridge, Diana K.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Author(s): 
Arthold, M. K.

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