Peritonitis

Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Suvarnamalini vasant-a generic Ayurvedic herbomineral preparation was studied for its immunomodulatory activity by 1) evaluating it's effect on phagocytic function of polymorphonuclear white blood cells of rats and 2) it's effect in E.coli-induced peritonitis in albino mice. Pretreatment of rats with Suvarnamalini vasant improved the phagocytic function of polymorphonuclear white blood cells and also protected mice against E.coli-induced peritonitis. The results indicate the potential of Suvarnamalini vasant as an immunomodulator.

Author(s): 
Sangle, Vishwas
Darp, Medha
Nadkarni, Shailesh
Publication Title: 
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation: An Official Publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia

Although there has been a dramatic decrease in the incidence of peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), rates > 0.5 episodes per patient per year are still common, with a very high rate of relapse. The nasal, pharyngeal, and skin carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has been reported to be one of the most important of predisposing factors for peritonitis. Mupirocin application has been introduced to combat S. aureus carriage state with some degree of success.

Author(s): 
Al-Hwiesh, Abdulla K.
Abdul Rahman, Ibrahiem Saeed
Publication Title: 
Shock (Augusta, Ga.)

Strategies are needed to reverse the immune cell hyporesponsiveness and prevent bacterial overgrowth associated with high mortality rates in septic patients. Adenosine signaling may be mediating immunosuppressive signals within the inflammatory microenvironment that are safeguarding bacteria by rendering immune cells hyporesponsive. We examined A2A adenosine receptor (A2AR)-mediated immune responses in a chronic model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis using both wild-type (WT) and A2AR knockout (KO) mice.

Author(s): 
Belikoff, Bryan
Hatfield, Stephen
Sitkovsky, Michail
Remick, Daniel G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md.: 1950)

Selenoprotein K (Sel K) is a selenium-containing protein for which no function has been identified. We found that Sel K is an endoplasmic reticulum transmembrane protein expressed at relatively high levels in immune cells and is regulated by dietary selenium. Sel K(-/-) mice were generated and found to be similar to wild-type controls regarding growth and fertility. Immune system development was not affected by Sel K deletion, but specific immune cell defects were found in Sel K(-/-) mice.

Author(s): 
Verma, Saguna
Hoffmann, Fukun W.
Kumar, Mukesh
Huang, Zhi
Roe, Kelsey
Nguyen-Wu, Elizabeth
Hashimoto, Ann S.
Hoffmann, Peter R.
Publication Title: 
Chemistry & Biology

Endogenous mechanisms in the resolution of acute inflammation are of interest because excessive inflammation underlies many pathologic abnormalities. We report an aspirin-triggered DHA metabolome that biosynthesizes a potent product in inflammatory exudates and human leukocytes, namely aspirin-triggered Neuroprotectin D1/Protectin D1 [AT-(NPD1/PD1)]. The complete stereochemistry of AT-(NPD1/PD1) proved to be 10R,17R-dihydroxydocosa-4Z,7Z,11E,13E,15Z,19Z-hexaenoic acid.

Author(s): 
Serhan, Charles N.
Fredman, Gabrielle
Yang, Rong
Karamnov, Sergey
Belayev, Ludmila S.
Bazan, Nicolas G.
Zhu, Min
Winkler, Jeremy W.
Petasis, Nicos A.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

Vascular leakage in multiple organs is a characteristic pathological change in sepsis. Our recent study revealed that ascorbate protects endothelial barrier function in microvascular endothelial cell monolayers through inhibiting serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation (Han M, Pendem S, Teh SL, Sukumaran DK, Wu F, Wilson JX. Free Radic Biol Med 48: 128-135, 2010). The present study addressed the mechanism of protection by ascorbate against vascular leakage in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic peritonitis in mice.

Author(s): 
Zhou, Gang
Kamenos, George
Pendem, Suresh
Wilson, John X.
Wu, Feng
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Atropa belladonna and Echinacea angustifolia have been used in homeopathy as modulators of inflammatory processes, in simple potency or 'accord of potencies', as recommended by homotoxicology. We evaluated their effects on leukocyte migration and macrophage activity induced by experimental peritonitis in vivo. Mice were injected (i.p.) with LPS (1.0mg/kg) and treated (0.3ml/10g/day, s.c.) with different commercial forms of these medicines.

Author(s): 
Pedalino, C. M. V.
Perazzo, F. F.
Carvalho, J. C. T.
Martinho, K. S.
Massoco, C. de O.
Bonamin, L. V.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementärmedizin (2006)

The case of a 44-year-old patient with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by E. coli is described and discussed. The patient with hypalbuminemia, ascites, a medical history of chronic pancreatitis, chronic alcohol abuse and a duodenopancreatectomy 6 months before showed a very slow response to conventional treatment but a good response to homeopathic therapy with Arsenicum album C200 and Pulsatilla C200. The discussion focuses on the methodology of single case evaluations according to cognition based medicine.

Author(s): 
Teut, Michael
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the efficacy of Marsypianthes chamaedrys Vahl (Lamiaceae) inflorescence and leaf extracts in inhibiting the inflammatory and coagulant actions of Bothrops atrox venom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Marsypianthes chamaedrys, which is used in Brazil as a folk medicine to treat snakebites and local inflammatory reactions, was tested in vitro to determine its ability to block indirect phospholipase A(2) and direct coagulant activities and in vivo to determine its ability to inhibit leukocyte migration and cytokine release.

Author(s): 
Magalhães, Alcineide
Santos, Gleyce Barbosa Dos
Verdam, Maria Christina Dos Santos
Fraporti, Liziara
Malheiro, Adriana
Lima, Emerson Silva
Dos-Santos, Maria Cristina
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The 3β, 6β, 16β-trihydroxylup-20(29)-ene (TTHL) is a pentacyclic triterpene obtained from a medicinal plant named Combretum leprosum. In folk medicine, this plant is used to treat several diseases associated with inflammation and pain. We previously demonstrated that TTHL presents a significant antinociceptive effect, suggesting the involvement of the glutamatergic system. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to investigate the effect of TTHL on nociception and vascular permeability induced by acetic acid.

Author(s): 
Longhi-Balbinot, Daniela T.
Lanznaster, Débora
Baggio, Cristiane Hatsuko
Silva, Morgana Duarte
Cabrera, Celeste Heiseke
Facundo, Valdir A.
Santos, Adair R. S.

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