Personality Inventory

Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression, anxiety and psychological distress across populations with different chronic somatic diseases. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to examine the effects of MBSR on depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. The influence of quality of studies on the effects of MBSR was analyzed. RESULTS: Eight published, randomized controlled outcome studies were included.

Author(s): 
Bohlmeijer, Ernst
Prenger, Rilana
Taal, Erik
Cuijpers, Pim
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

The scientific interest on mindfulness meditation (MM) has significantly increased in the last two decades probably because of the positive health effects that this practice exerts in a great variety of clinical and non-clinical conditions. Despite attention regulation, emotional regulation, and body awareness have been argued to be critical mechanisms through which MM improves well-being, much less is known on the effects of this practice on personality.

Author(s): 
Crescentini, Cristiano
Capurso, Viviana
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders. Acupuncture is a popular complementary and alternative medicine intervention suggested in the treatment of depression, but its effectiveness is uncertain. This updated meta-analysis was conducted to more precisely assess the beneficial effect of acupuncture in depression therapy. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Chinese Scientific Journal Database.

Author(s): 
Wang, Hao
Qi, Hong
Wang, Bai-Song
Cui, Yong-Yao
Zhu, Liang
Rong, Zheng-Xing
Chen, Hong-Zhuan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders. Acupuncture is a popular complementary and alternative medicine intervention suggested in the treatment of depression, but its effectiveness is uncertain. This updated meta-analysis was conducted to more precisely assess the beneficial effect of acupuncture in depression therapy. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Chinese Scientific Journal Database.

Author(s): 
Wang, Hao
Qi, Hong
Wang, Bai-Song
Cui, Yong-Yao
Zhu, Liang
Rong, Zheng-Xing
Chen, Hong-Zhuan
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

Of the 75 patients in the February 1977 "class" at the Longevity Research Institute, Santa Barbara, California, 11 volunteers were pre- and posttested (21- to 23-day intervals) with the MMPI, 13 with the California Psychological Inventory, and 17 with four subtests of the WAIS (total: 21 males, 10 females). Ten of the (total) 32 scales showed changes in the predicted, favorable direction, statistically significant at the .05 level or better by t test.

Author(s): 
Merzbacher, C. F.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

The combination of less positive and more negative expectations for the future (i.e., lower optimism and higher pessimism) increases risk for disease and early mortality. We tested the possibility that expectancies might influence health outcomes by altering the rate of biological aging, specifically of the immune system (immunosenescence). However, no studies to date have examined associations between optimism or pessimism and indicators of immunosenescence such as leukocyte telomere length (TL) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, A.
Lin, J.
Tillie, J.
Tillie, J. M.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Wolkowitz, O.
Blackburn, E. H.
Blackburn, E.
Epel, E. S.
Epel, E.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

The combination of less positive and more negative expectations for the future (i.e., lower optimism and higher pessimism) increases risk for disease and early mortality. We tested the possibility that expectancies might influence health outcomes by altering the rate of biological aging, specifically of the immune system (immunosenescence). However, no studies to date have examined associations between optimism or pessimism and indicators of immunosenescence such as leukocyte telomere length (TL) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, A.
Lin, J.
Tillie, J.
Tillie, J. M.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Wolkowitz, O.
Blackburn, E. H.
Blackburn, E.
Epel, E. S.
Epel, E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

BACKGROUND: A significant association between parental PTSD and the occurrence of PTSD in offspring has been noted, consistent with the idea that risk for the development of PTSD is transmitted from parent to child. Two recent reports linking maternal PTSD and low offspring cortisol prompted us to examine the relative contributions of maternal vs. paternal PTSD in the prediction of PTSD and other psychiatric diagnoses in offspring.

Author(s): 
Yehuda, Rachel
Bell, Amanda
Bierer, Linda M.
Schmeidler, James
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The a-theoretical approach to psychiatric disorders, introduced via dsm iii, has had a tremendous impact. It has stimulated a large body of research, facilitated by the concurrent development of new techniques in genetics, neuro-imaging and neuropsychology. However, the research results of the last twenty years or so have cast doubt on the validity of the clinical categories set out in dsm iii. AIM: To develop a new view on developmental pathways in psychopathology, clinical assessment and scientifically acceptable classification.

Author(s): 
van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J. M.
van Deurzen, P.
Oosterling, I.
Groen, W.
Langen, M.
Lagro-Janssen, A. L.
van der Gaag, R. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

This study attempts to identify some of the signs of ineffective religious involvement in coping. Drawing from a process/integration model of efficacious coping, three broad types of religious warning signs were defined and 11 subscales were developed. These subscales were administered to a group of Roman Catholic church members and two groups of college undergraduates who had experienced different types of negative life events in the past two years.

Author(s): 
Pargament, K. I.
Zinnbauer, B. J.
Scott, A. B.
Butter, E. M.
Zerowin, J.
Stanik, P.

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