Pesticides

Publication Title: 
Primary Care

What are the best dietary practices and farming methods to promote health? The answer may depend on whether one looks at the health of individuals or the health of the planet (planetary health or PH). PH will equate to a healthy ecosphere fostered by dietary/farming practices that are less resource-intense, potentially decreasing starvation and carbon emissions. Best practices also may depend on whether by health one means lack of observable disease (such as obesity, nutritional deficiency, diabetes, or cancer), optimal health (also known as wellness), or longevity.

Author(s): 
Chahbazi, John
Grow, Shelly
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health

BACKGROUND: Between 1992 and 2010 in the Costa Rican Caribbean, a social movement coalition called Foro Ema˙s sought to change people's view on problems of high pesticide use in banana production. OBJECTIVE: To understand the formation and membership of Foro Ema˙s, its success period, and its decline. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of 28 key actors; a questionnaire survey among school personnel (n = 475) in Siquirres, Matina, and Talamanca counties; and secondary data from newspapers, leaflets, and movement documents were used.

Author(s): 
Barraza, Douglas
Jansen, Kees
van Wendel de Joode, Berna
Wesseling, Catharina
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: The high incidence of pesticide ingestion as a means to commit suicide is a critical public health problem. An important predictor of suicidal behavior is suicide ideation, which is related to stress. However, studies on how to defend against stress-induced suicidal thoughts are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the impact of stress on suicidal ideation by investigating the mediating effect of self-efficacy and dispositional optimism.

Author(s): 
Feng, Jun
Li, Shusheng
Chen, Huawen
Publication Title: 
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology

AIM: to explore the variation and clinical significance of serum CTnT and CK-MB in patients with acute organophosphorus pesticid poisoning (AOPP). METHODS: 100 cases of patients with AOPP(AOPP-group) and 100 healthy subjects were studied, the serum CTnT and CK-MB level were detected using ELISA and immunosuppression methods.

Author(s): 
Wanf, Zhi-xiang
Wang, Chun-xia
Liu, Shuan-hu
Shi, Ji-hong
Tu, Yan-yang
Publication Title: 
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

This study was conducted to determine the aetiology of chronic renal failure (CRF) in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Patients (n=183) with CRF of unknown aetiology were compared with controls (n=200) who had no evidence of chronic renal dysfunction. Exposure to possible risk factors were determined by an interviewer-administered questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Wanigasuriya, Kamani P.
Peiris-John, Roshini J.
Wickremasinghe, Rajitha
Hittarage, Ariyasena
Publication Title: 
The Science of the Total Environment

Heavy metal and pesticide contamination has previously been reported in Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs), in some cases at potentially toxic levels. This study was conducted to determine general patterns and toxicological significance of heavy metal and pesticide contamination in a broad sample of raw CHMs. Three-hundred-thirty-four samples representing 126 species of CHMs were collected throughout China and examined for arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and mercury. Of the total, 294 samples representing 112 species were also tested for 162 pesticides.

Author(s): 
Harris, Eric S. J.
Cao, Shugeng
Littlefield, Bruce A.
Craycroft, Jane A.
Scholten, Robert
Kaptchuk, Ted
Fu, Yanling
Wang, Wenquan
Liu, Yong
Chen, Hubiao
Zhao, Zhongzhen
Clardy, Jon
Woolf, Alan D.
Eisenberg, David M.
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