Several lines of evidence support the role of an epigenetic-induced GABAergic cortical dysfunction in schizophrenia psychopathology, which is probably dependent on an increase in the expression of DNA-methyltransferase-1 occurring selectively in GABAergic neurons. The key enzyme regulating GABA synthesis, termed glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (GAD67) and the important neurodevelopmental protein called reelin are coexpressed in GABAergic neurons. Upon release, GABA and reelin bind to postsynaptic receptors located in dendrites, somata, or the axon initial segment of pyramidal neurons.
BACKGROUND: The glutamate system plays a major role in mediating EtOH's effects on brain and behavior, and is implicated in the pathophysiology of alcohol-related disorders. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists such as MK-801 (dizocilpine) interact with EtOH at the behavioral level, but the molecular basis of this interaction is unclear. METHODS: We first characterized the effects of MK-801 treatment on responses to the ataxic (accelerating rotarod), hypothermic and sedative/hypnotic effects of acute EtOH administration in C57BL/6J and 129/SvImJ inbred mice.
Using in vitro autoradiography, we investigated the effects of Kamikihito (KKT), a traditional Chinese medicine, on the specific binding of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) and [3H]N-(1-[2-thienyl]cyclohexyl)-3,4-piperidine (TCP) in the rat brain. The Bmax but not the Kd values for [3H]QNB binding to the caudate/putamen and accumbens in aged rats were lower than those in young rats. The [3H]TCP binding was also decreased in aged rats compared with that in young rats. Long-term administration of KKT modulated the [3H]QNB binding in young but not aged rats.