Philosophy, Medical

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Nursing & Midwifery

Complementary therapies are becoming increasingly popular in cultures dominated by biomedicine. Modalities are often extracted from various healing systems and cultural contexts and integrated into health care, expanding the focus from treatment of disease to the promotion of health. The cultural aspects of biomedicine are presented and compared and contrasted with other healing systems. Three healing systems; traditional Chinese medicine, Yoga, with roots in Ayurvedic medicine and Shamanic healing illustrate these fundamental differences in approaches to healing.

Author(s): 
Engebretson, Joan
Publication Title: 
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Several authors have written of the need to embrace occupation and use it to energise our practice, research and education for the benefit of the profession, individual occupational therapists and ultimately, and most significantly, our clients. However, Wilcock (1999) best summarises the issues and the work that must be done, calling for the profession to adopt a consistent professional philosophy. This approach is entirely congruent with the paradigm approach proposed by Kielhofner (2009). Reinforcing the ideas of Doris Sym, Wilcock (p.

Author(s): 
Gustafsson, Louise
Molineux, Matthew
Bennett, Sally
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

The status of research in ego state therapy is examined against the backdrop of 20th and 21st century developments in the philosophy of science and the emerging recognition of the subjective as a vital element in all science. Attention is paid to the phenomenological method because until recently phenomenological studies have been the basis for the standards of care and training in ego state therapy as well as in many aspects of hypnotically facilitated psychotherapy.

Author(s): 
Hageman, Joan H.
Frederick, Claire
Publication Title: 
Sudhoffs Archiv

As a paradigmatic case study of the origin, spread, and development of medical systems, this paper investigates the 200-years history of homeopathy from different perspectives of medical history. On the basis of new research on Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), first, a concise and critical overview on the principles, explanations, and implications of his doctrine is presented.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Josef M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health

As a therapeutic intervention, homeopathy is the target of increased scepticism because in the main, its remedies are diluted and succussed (potentized) out of material existence. This puts homeopathy seemingly at odds with the paradigm of conventional science, in particular, that atoms and molecules are the fundamental building blocks of all matter. Accordingly, homeopathy cannot work, so that any reported beneficial effects must, at best, be due to the placebo effect.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

The study and practice of medicine, in its most personal and intimate functions, its most sophisticated scientific and technological manifestations, and its philosophical and ethical ramifications, are central to our understanding of the human condition. Homeopathic medicine: its insights, the questions that it begs, and the scientific and philosophical challenges it presents, has a significant contribution to make to this process. To be actively and seriously engaged with homeopathy is an adventurous undertaking.

Author(s): 
Swayne, Jeremy
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Forty percent of general practitioners in the Netherlands practice homeopathy. With over 100 homeopathic medical schools, homeopathy is practiced in India along with conventional Western medicine in government clinics. In Britain, 42% of general practitioners refer patients to homeopaths. Two recent meta-analyses of homeopathy both indicate that there is enough evidence to show that homeopathy has added effects over placebo. Against this evidence is a backdrop of considerable scientific scepticism.

Author(s): 
Vallance, A. K.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Conventional sciences have brought forth a wealth of knowledge and benefits, but they have not always been clear and precise about their legitimate scope and methodological limitations. In contrast, new and critical approaches in modern sciences question and reflect their own presuppositions, dependencies, and constraints. Examples are quantum physics, theory and history of science, as well as theory and history of medicine, sociology, and economics.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Josef M.
Publication Title: 
Primary Care

Homeopathy, using the tenet of "like cures like," is one of the most popular of the complementary medicines. In conventional medicine, however, little is known about this modality. This article describes the field of homeopathy and its principles and philosophy. It also summarizes the current state of evidence and offers an outlook on future research options.

Author(s): 
D'Huyvetter, Karen
Cohrssen, Andreas
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Urologic Oncology

There are several other alternative medicines apart from vitamins and minerals that the clinician should be aware of because they have grown in popularity in other fields of medicine. In time, these therapies should impact the arena of urologic oncology. Traditional Chinese Medicine, which includes acupuncture, is an area that has received some attention. The theory behind it can be quite daunting because it is so different from the theory behind Western Medical Science.

Author(s): 
Moyad, M. A.
Hathaway, S.
Ni, H. S.

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