Our previous studies have shown that riboflavin has activity against Plasmodium falciparum asexual-stage parasites in vitro. In the present study we examine the gametocytocidal activity of riboflavin and the interaction of riboflavin with some commonly used antimalarial drugs against the asexual forms of P. falciparum in vitro. The addition of riboflavin to P. falciparum cultures killed gametocytes at all stages, even those at late stages (III to V), which are not affected by many of the commonly used antimalarials.
Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
8-Methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) is a prototype photochemotherapeutic agent and used to treat various skin disorders such as psoriasis and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Animal studies demonstrate that repeated treatment with 8-MOP markedly increases the capacity of drug metabolism. In this study, we report that 8-MOP is a potent inducer of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and carboxylesterase 2 (HCE2), two major human enzymes that catalyze oxidative and hydrolytic reactions, respectively.
FASEB journal: official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
The known functions of folate are to support one-carbon metabolism and to serve as photoreceptors for cryptochromes and photolyases. We demonstrate that 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF, the predominant folate in plasma) is also a potent, near diffusion limited, scavenger of singlet oxygen and quencher of excited photosensitizers. Both pathways result in decomposition of 5-MTHF, although ascorbate can protect against this loss. In the absence of photosensitizers, 5-MTHF is directly decomposed only very slowly by UVA or UVB.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) creates vertical channels that might assist the delivery of topically applied drugs into skin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate drug delivery by CO(2) laser AFR using methyl 5-aminolevulinate (MAL), a porphyrin precursor, as a test drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two Yorkshire swine were treated with single-hole CO(2) laser AFR and subsequent topical application of MAL (Metvix(R), Photocure ASA, Oslo, Norway), placebo cream and no drug.
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a hypopigmentation disorder affecting 1 to 4% of the world population. Fifty percent of cases appear before the age of 20 years old, and the disfigurement results in psychiatric morbidity in 16 to 35% of those affected. METHODS: Our objective was to complete a comprehensive, systematic review of the published scientific literature to identify natural health products (NHP) such as vitamins, herbs and other supplements that may have efficacy in the treatment of vitiligo.
AIM: To investigate the photodynamic inhibitory effects of Elsinochrome A (EA), Hypocrellin A (HA) and Hypocrellin B (HB) on human colorectal carcinoma Hce-8693 cells and rhesus monkey embryonic stem R366.4 cells, via inducing apoptosis. METHODS: EA, HA and HB were extracted from metabolites of Hypomyces (Fr) Tul.Sp. R366.4 cells or Hce-8693 cells were cultured with different concentrations of EA, HA or HB respectively, irradiated and incubated with fresh medium for 2 h. Cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry (FCM).