Physical Therapy Modalities

Publication Title: 
Applied Health Economics and Health Policy

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem, having a substantial effect on peoples' quality of life and placing a significant economic burden on healthcare systems and, more broadly, societies. Many interventions to alleviate LBP are available but their cost effectiveness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify, document and appraise studies reporting on the cost effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological treatment options for LBP.

Andronis, Lazaros
Kinghorn, Philip
Qiao, Suyin
Whitehurst, David G. T.
Durrell, Susie
McLeod, Hugh
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists.

Chou, Roger
Deyo, Richard
Friedly, Janna
Skelly, Andrea
Hashimoto, Robin
Weimer, Melissa
Fu, Rochelle
Dana, Tracy
Kraegel, Paul
Griffin, Jessica
Grusing, Sara
Brodt, Erika D.
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND: Although schizophrenia is the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide in people aged 15 to 44 years, the clinical evidence of physical therapy as a complementary treatment remains largely unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for people with schizophrenia.

Vancampfort, Davy
Probst, Michel
Helvik Skjaerven, Liv
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
De Hert, Marc
Publication Title: 
Revue Medicale De Bruxelles

Parkinson's disease is a complex neurologic and progressive incapacitating disease. Parkinson's disease severely threatens the quality of live and the number of patients worldwide is expected to rise considerably in the coming decade due to aging of the population. Even with optimal medical management using drugs or neurosurgery, patients are faced with progressively increasing impairments (e.g. in speech, mental and movement related functions), and restrictions in participation (e.g. domestic life and social activities).

Hubert, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of hand therapy interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) based on the best available evidence. A qualitative systematic review was conducted. A literature search using 40 key terms was conducted from the earliest available date to January 2003 using seven databases. Articles were randomly assigned to two of five reviewers and evaluated according to predetermined criteria for inclusion at each of the title, abstract, and article levels.

Muller, Monique
Tsui, Deborah
Schnurr, Ronda
Biddulph-Deisroth, Lori
Hard, Julie
Macdermid, Joy C.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016.

Qaseem, Amir
Wilt, Timothy J.
McLean, Robert M.
Forciea, Mary Ann
Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians
Publication Title: 
Klinische Padiatrie

Background: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a frequent side-effect of drugs that are used in the treatment of cancer. Affected individuals can suffer from motor, sensory or autonomy nerve damage. Further medication is used for the treatment of CIPN which can cause further side-effects. Patients should be offered physical therapy treatment to relieve the symptoms. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of available literature investigating physical therapy in CIPN in pediatric oncology.

Jung, M.
Rein, N.
Fuchs, B.
Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Non-specific neck pain has a postural or mechanical basis and affects about two thirds of people at some stage, especially in middle age. Acute neck pain resolves within days or weeks, but may become chronic in about 10% of people. Whiplash injuries follow sudden acceleration-deceleration of the neck, such as in road traffic or sporting accidents. Up to 40% of people continue to report symptoms 15 years after the accident, although this varies between countries.

Binder, Allan I.
Publication Title: 
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of physiotherapeutic interventions on pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PEDro, CINAHL, AMED, and SCOPUS databases were searched up to December 2014 for studies written in English, French, German or Scandinavian languages that evaluated physiotherapeutic modalities for preventing and treating pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. RESULTS: For lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy, the evidence was strong for positive effects of acupuncture and pelvic belts.

Gutke, Annelie
Betten, Carola
Degerskär, Kristina
Pousette, Sara
Olsen, Monika Fagevik
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Many nonpharmacologic therapies are available for treatment of low back pain. PURPOSE: To assess benefits and harms of acupuncture, back schools, psychological therapies, exercise therapy, functional restoration, interdisciplinary therapy, massage, physical therapies (interferential therapy, low-level laser therapy, lumbar supports, shortwave diathermy, superficial heat, traction, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and ultrasonography), spinal manipulation, and yoga for acute or chronic low back pain (with or without leg pain).

Chou, Roger
Huffman, Laurie Hoyt
American Pain Society
American College of Physicians


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