OBJECTIVE: To highlight seminal publications in the past year on the topic of non-pharmacologic management of osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: A systematic search of the PUBMED and Cochrane databases from September 2009 to September 2010 was conducted to identify articles reporting on studies examining the safety or efficacy of non-pharmacologic therapies in the management of OA. Non-pharmacologic therapies were those considered in the 2008 OARSI OA guidelines.
IMPORTANCE: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is both chronic and prevalent; it has complex aetiology and many conservative treatment options. OBJECTIVE: Develop a comprehensive contemporary guide to conservative management of PFP outlining key considerations for clinicians to follow. DESIGN: Mixed methods. METHODS: We synthesised the findings from six high-quality systematic reviews to September 2013 with the opinions of 17 experts obtained via semistructured interviews.
PM & R: the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scientifically sound and clinically relevant evidence-based guideline for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature from 1960 to August 2008 and classified the studies according to the American Academy of Neurology classification of evidence scheme for a therapeutic article, and recommendations were linked to the strength of the evidence.
BACKGROUND: Public Service Promotion of Personal Autonomy aims to provide care to users with severe physical and/or physical-mental disabilities, including people with spinal cord injury. These users are in a chronic phase and thus they require educational-therapeutic measures of physiotherapy. This study is meant to determine the satisfaction of people with spinal cord injury who attend this service.
BACKGROUND: As demand for nurses and other health professionals continues to outstrip supply it is important to understand what motivates individuals to join a non-medical health profession. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate students' reasons for choosing a particular nursing specialism, midwifery or other non-medical health profession, and to compare motivation factors across professions, gender, age, level of award, prior qualifications, prior experience and over time.
As physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) educational programs endeavor to foster core values of social responsibility, justice, and altruism in an increasingly global community, the incorporation of local and international service-learning (ISL) into the curriculum is growing. Much of the research has focused on the measurement of student learning, with little written about the impact on the host community. Proponents of global health initiatives are calling for consideration of all stakeholders to ensure ethical practice.
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide exploratory qualitative data on anecdotal reports by some physical therapists that they sometimes experience a sense of 'special connection' with patients or clients. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 21 self-selected massage therapists provided written comments about their experience of therapy in response to a questionnaire (free-form response format) asking about the experience of connection. RESULTS: 20 out of 21 therapists reported a sense of 'special connection'.
Peripheral facial paresis is a serious clinical and social problem. The effect of physical therapy in 44 patients aged 13-80 was studied. Idiopathic peripheral facial paresis was the cause of mimic muscles dysfunction in 75% of our patients. Medical treatment was conducted according to the established program, consisting in applying combined physical, thermal, electrotherapeutic procedures, exercises and massage.
STUDY DESIGN: A cohort of 114 primary care patients were studied for 1 year before and 1 year after a randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To explore the therapy use, societal costs, and quality of life of patients with prolonged back pain. To compare the effects of physiotherapy, bone setting, and light exercise therapy on these measures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Analyses of back pain have mostly focused on the minority of patients who cause high costs and a heavy burden on national economies. The majority with low costs have aroused less interest.
The purpose of this study is to explore adherence by Dutch physiotherapists to the physiotherapists' guideline for non-specific low back pain. For this study data from the National Information Service for Allied Health Care were used. This is a registration network that continuously collects information about physiotherapy patients and their treatment episodes. Within this network, adherence to the low back pain guideline was assessed by three criteria based on the guideline. These criteria concerned the number of sessions, the treatment goals, and the interventions.