Piper

Publication Title: 
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences: Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences

Piplartine (piperlongumine, 5,6-dihydro-1-[(2E)-1-oxo-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-propenyl]-2(1H)-pyridinone) is a biologically active alkaloid/amide from peppers, as from long pepper (Piper longum L. - Piperaceae). Long pepper is one of the most widely used in Ayurvedic medicine, which is used to treat many diseases, including tumors.

Author(s): 
Bezerra, Daniel P.
Pessoa, Claudia
de Moraes, Manoel O.
Saker-Neto, Nicolau
Silveira, Edilberto R.
Costa-Lotufo, Leticia V.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic

Giardia, a common human parasite, can cause significant morbidity; however, natural medicine has great potential to influence the course of Giardia infection. The most beneficial way to treat giardiasis naturally may be through a combination approach, utilizing both nutritional interventions and phytotherapeutic agents. Nutritional intervention aims to reduce the acute symptoms of Giardia and help clear the infection. This can best be achieved by consuming a whole-food based, high-fiber, diet that is low in fat, lactose, and refined sugars.

Author(s): 
Hawrelak, Jason
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Toxicological Sciences

Chemical characterization and acute and sub-acute toxicity study of Trikatu, a generic herbal formulation of Indian system of medicine, was carried out in Charles Foster (CF) rats for safety profiling.

Author(s): 
Chanda, Debabrata
Shanker, Karuna
Pal, Anirban
Luqman, Suaib
Bawankule, Dnyaneshwar Umrao
Mani, Dayanandan
Darokar, Mahendra Pandurang
Publication Title: 
Alternative Medicine Review: A Journal of Clinical Therapeutic

Giardia, a common human parasite, can cause significant morbidity; however, natural medicine has great potential to influence the course of Giardia infection. The most beneficial way to treat giardiasis naturally may be through a combination approach, utilizing both nutritional interventions and phytotherapeutic agents. Nutritional intervention aims to reduce the acute symptoms of Giardia and help clear the infection. This can best be achieved by consuming a whole-food based, high-fiber, diet that is low in fat, lactose, and refined sugars.

Author(s): 
Hawrelak, Jason
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

"Trikatu"-an Ayurvedic formulation comprising of a 1:1:1 ratio of dried fruits of Piper nigrum, Piper longum and dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale is widely used to enhance the bioavailability of drugs, like vasicine, indomethacin, etc. The enhanced biological response might lead to alteration of therapeutic regimens of commonly prescribed drugs.

Author(s): 
Lala, L. G.
D'Mello, P. M.
Naik, S. R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Piper chaba Hunter (Piperaceae) is a common pepper in the southern part of Bangladesh. Various parts of this plant have been extensively used in different traditional formulations including ayurveda. In order to rationalize the ethnomedical uses of this plant in a number of ailments, the methanol extract of the stem bark was subjected to preliminary evaluation for analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anti-diarrhoeal, effect on gastrointestinal motility and CNS depressant activity in mice and rat at 125, 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight doses.

Author(s): 
Taufiq-Ur-Rahman, Md
Shilpi, Jamil Ahmad
Ahmed, Muniruddin
Faiz Hossain, Chowdhury
Publication Title: 
The Indian Journal of Medical Research

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep in older persons is characterized by decreased ability to stay asleep, resulting in fragmented sleep and reduced daytime alertness. Pharmacological treatment of insomnia in older persons is associated with hazardous side effects. Hence, the present study was designed to compare the effects of Yoga and Ayurveda on the self rated sleep in a geriatric population.

Author(s): 
Manjunath, N. K.
Telles, Shirley
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Formulations of traditional medicines are usually made up of complex mixture of herbs. However, effective quality control methods in order to select right quality materials are lacking. Though Piper longum is a widely used herb in several Ayurvedic formulations prescribed for various diseases, there is no analytical method in the literature so far which can help in selecting the right quality material with proper proportions of the active ingredients (alpha-glucosidase-I enzyme inhibitory principles).

Author(s): 
Pullela, Srinivas V.
Tiwari, Ashok K.
Vanka, UmaMaheswara S.
Vummenthula, Anuradha
Tatipaka, Hari B.
Dasari, Krishna R.
Khan, Ikhlas A.
Janaswamy, Madhusudana R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Pippaliyadi yoga or pippaliyadi vati is an ayurvedic contraceptive used in India since ancient times. It is a combination of powdered fruit berries of Embelia ribes Burm.f. (Myrsinaceae), Piper longum L. (Piperaceae) and borax in equal proportion. Though the contraceptive potential is known since ancient times, no systematic developmental toxicity studies have been carried out. The present study was carried out to evaluate the postnatal developmental toxicity and the reproductive performance of the progeny exposed in utero to pippaliyadi.

Author(s): 
Balasinor, Nafisa
Bhan, Ashima
Paradkar, Niraja S.
Shaikh, Arifa
Nandedkar, Tarala D.
Bhutani, K. K.
Roy-Chaudhury, Mandakini
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gerontological Nursing

The effects of yoga and ayurveda on geriatric depression were evaluated in 69 persons older than 60 who were living in a residential home. Participants were stratified by age and gender and randomly allocated to three groups: Yoga, Ayurveda, or Wait-list Control. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale was used to assess depressive symptoms prior to the intervention, and after 3 months and 6 months post-intervention. Participation in one of the three groups lasted 24 weeks.

Author(s): 
Krishnamurthy, Manjunath Nandi
Telles, Shirley

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