Pituitary Gland

Publication Title: 
Advances in Food Research
Author(s): 
Lepkovsky, S.
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica
Author(s): 
Cavalieri, U.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD

As the basis for the lifelong clock and as a primary cause of aging, a process of shortening of hypothetical perichromosomal DNA structures termed chronomeres is proposed in the CNS. The lifelong clock is regulated by the shortening of chronomere DNA in postmitotic neurons of the hypothalamus. Shortening of these DNA sequences occurs in humans on a monthly basis through a lunasensory system and is controlled by release of growth hormone discharged from the anterior pituitary directly into the hypothalamus via local blood vessels.

Author(s): 
Olovnikov, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior

Maharishi-4 (M-4), an ayurvedic food supplement, was tested for anticarcinogenic and anticancer properties against 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumors in rats. The 6% M-4-supplemented diet protected DMBA-induced carcinogenesis by reducing both tumor incidence and multiplicity during initiation and promotion phases. The control animals who developed tumors when supplemented with M-4 diet for four weeks showed tumor regression in 60% of cases.

Author(s): 
Sharma, H. M.
Dwivedi, C.
Satter, B. C.
Gudehithlu, K. P.
Abou-Issa, H.
Malarkey, W.
Tejwani, G. A.
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a key neuroendocrine factor implementing endocrine, immune and behavioral responses to stress. CRH exerts its action through two major receptors, CRH-R1 and CRH-R2. Recently novel non-peptidic antagonists directed against CRH-R1 or CRH-R2 have been proposed as promising agents in the treatment of depression, anxiety and eating disorder. However, so far the CRH-receptor system has not been widely studied in humans.

Author(s): 
Hiroi, N.
Wong, M. L.
Licinio, J.
Park, C.
Young, M.
Gold, P. W.
Chrousos, G. P.
Bornstein, S. R.
Publication Title: 
African Health Sciences

BACKGROUND: The practice of traditional medicine for the control of fertility in rural Ethiopia is based on folk use of numerous antifertility herbs and Achyranthes aspera is one of these used for this purpose. Many plants are known to possess anti-fertility effect through their action on hypothlamo-pituitary-gonadal axis or direct hormonal effects on reproductive organs resulting in inhibition of ovarian steroidogenesis. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused to investigate the effect of methanolic leaves extract of Achyranthes aspera L.

Author(s): 
Shibeshi, Workineh
Makonnen, Eyasu
Zerihun, Legesse
Debella, Asfaw
Publication Title: 
Journal of Animal Science

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate reproductive responses to supplemental high-linoleate safflower seeds in postpartum beef cows. In Exp. 1, 18 primiparous, crossbred beef cows (411 +/- 24.3 kg of BW) were fed Foxtail millet hay starting 1 d postpartum at 1.68% of BW (DM basis) and a low-fat control (control: 63.7% cracked corn, 33.4% safflower seed meal, and 2.9% liquid molasses; DM basis) at 0.35% of BW (n = 9) or a supplement (linoleate) containing 95.3% cracked high-linoleate (79% 18:2n-6) safflower seeds and 4.7% liquid molasses (DM basis) at 0.23% of BW (n = 9).

Author(s): 
Scholljegerdes, E. J.
Hess, B. W.
Grant, M. H. J.
Lake, S. L.
Alexander, B. M.
Weston, T. R.
Hixon, D. L.
Van Kirk, E. A.
Moss, G. E.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Nutritional infertility is very common in societies where women fail to eat enough to match their energy expenditure and such females often present as clinical cases of anorexia nervosa. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that link energy balance and central regulation of reproduction are still not well understood.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Sushil
Kaur, Gurcharan
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic childhood psychiatric illness that involves a reduction in caloric intake, loss of weight and amenorrhea, either primary or secondary. The diagnostic criteria for AN have been established by the American Psychiatric Association.

Author(s): 
Muñoz, M. T.
Argente, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the diagnostic imaging findings of an empty sella in a chiropractic patient with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of normal and abnormal pituitary appearances. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 44-year-old woman started having headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea after an argument with her boyfriend. She had been treated for acute torticollis for three weeks when the new symptoms began. Consultation with an internist led to an MRI examination of the cerebellopontine angles to exclude an acoustic neuroma. The MRI demonstrated an enlarged empty sella.

Author(s): 
Atherton, W. W.
Kettner, N. W.

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