Plants

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The literature on the applications of homeopathy for controlling plant diseases in both plant pathological models and field trials was first reviewed by Scofield in 1984. No other review on homeopathy in plant pathology has been published since, though much new research has subsequently been carried out using more advanced methods. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an up-to-date review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy using phytopathological models and experiments in the field.

Author(s): 
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Majewsky, Vera
Scherr, Claudia
Shah-Rossi, Devika
Jäger, Tim
Baumgartner, Stephan
Publication Title: 
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine

Origin of ancient Indian toxicology can be dated back to vedic literature. Toxins of both animate and inanimate world were very well understood during the era. Rig and Atharva vedic texts describe such details. After classifying such toxins, Charaka Samhitha, the basic literature of Indian Medicine used gold and ghee as panaceas to counter act them. Ayurveda considers toxicology as one among the eight specialized branches of medical wisdom. Unfortunately, the available literature on this is very limited. Moreover, they have been discussed briefly in Charaka and Sushrutha Samhitha.

Author(s): 
Bhat, Sathyanarayana
Udupa, Kumaraswamy
Publication Title: 
Parasitology Research

The absence of a vaccine and the rampant resistance to almost all antimalarial drugs have accentuated the urgent need for new antimalarial drugs and drug targets for both prophylaxis and chemotherapy. The aim of the study was to discover effective plant extracts against Plasmodium falciparum. In the present study, the hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol extracts of Citrus sinensis (peel), Leucas aspera, Ocimum sanctum, Phyllanthus acidus (leaf), Terminalia chebula (seed) were tested for their antimalarial activity against chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive (3D7) strain of P.

Author(s): 
Bagavan, Asokan
Rahuman, Abdul Abdul
Kamaraj, Chinnaperumal
Kaushik, Naveen Kumar
Mohanakrishnan, Dinesh
Sahal, Dinkar
Publication Title: 
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

Seeds of Artocarpus hirsutus Lam., Garcinia xanthochymus Hook., Saraca asoca Roxb., Rourea minor Gaertn., Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Terminalia chebula Retz., Aporusa lindleyana (Wt.) bail., Holoptelea integrifolia Roxb. and Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. were collected from different regions of Western Ghats and exposed to different doses of gamma radiation using Co-60 source. The effect of irradiation was examined on germination, growth and vigor parameters.

Author(s): 
Akshatha, null
Chandrashekar, K. R.
Publication Title: 
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria

BACKGROUND: Free radicals are implicated in several metabolic diseases and the antioxidant therapy has gained an utmost importance in the treatment. The medicinal properties of plants have been investigated and explored for their potent antioxidant activities to counteract metabolic disorders. In this study, the chemical composition and free radical scavenging potential of leaf gall extracts (ethanol, petroleum ether, chloroform and aqueous) of Terminelia chebula is evaluated, which is extensively used in the preparation of traditiona medications to treat various metabolic diseases.

Author(s): 
Eshwarappa, Ravi Shankara Birur
Ramachandra, Y. L.
Subaramaihha, Sundara Rajan
Subbaiah, Sujan Ganapathy Pasura
Austin, Richard Surendranath
Dhananjaya, Bhadrapura Lakkappa
Publication Title: 
Pharmacognosy Research

Lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitors are the promising therapeutic target for treating a wide spectrum of inflammatory-related diseases such as cancer, asthma, lymphoma, leukemia, and autoimmune disorders. In the present study, the photochemical constituents and the anti-LOX potential of leaf galls of Terminalia chebula are evaluated to exemplify its further potential development as medicine. Extracts of T.

Author(s): 
Eshwarappa, Ravi Shankara Birur
Ramachandra, Yarappa Lakshmikantha
Subaramaihha, Sundara Rajan
Subbaiah, Sujan Ganapathy Pasura
Austin, Richard Surendranath
Dhananjaya, Bhadrapura Lakkappa
Publication Title: 
Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Pruritus is an unpleasant feeling that can cause the desire of scratching in a person and can be the symptoms of systemic, infectious, and neurological diseases. Pruritus is the most common clinical manifestation of skin diseases. Pruritus prevalence is 8-38% in the general population. Causes and treatments of pruritus have been described by traditional Persian medicine scientists. The aim of this study was to derive general principles of the proposed treatment to reduce or relieve pruritus.

Author(s): 
Jazani, Arezoo Moini
Azgomi, Ramin Nasimi Doost
Shirbeigi, Leila
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Besides synthesizing nutritive substances (proteins, fats and carbohydrates) for energy and growth, plants produce numerous non-energetic so-called secondary metabolites (mainly polyphenols) that allow them to protect themselves against infections and other types of hostile environments. Interestingly, these polyphenols often provide cells with valuable bioactive properties for the maintenance of their functions and homeostasis (signaling, gene regulation, protection against acquired or infectious diseases, etc.) both in humans and animals.

Author(s): 
LanÁon, Allan
Michaille, Jean-Jacques
Latruffe, Norbert
Publication Title: 
Cell

Cell differentiation is an essential process for the development, growth, reproduction, and longevity of all multicellular organisms, and its regulation has been the focus of intense investigation for the past four decades. The study of natural and induced stem cells has ushered an age of re-examination of what it means to be a stem or a differentiated cell.

Author(s): 
S·nchez Alvarado, Alejandro
Yamanaka, Shinya
Publication Title: 
Ageing Research Reviews

The impact of dietary factors on health and longevity is increasingly appreciated. The most prominent dietary factor that affects the risk of many different chronic diseases is energy intake -- excessive calorie intake increases the risk. Reducing energy intake by controlled caloric restriction or intermittent fasting increases lifespan and protects various tissues against disease, in part, by hormesis mechanisms that increase cellular stress resistance. Some specific dietary components may also exert health benefits by inducing adaptive cellular stress responses.

Author(s): 
Mattson, Mark P.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Plants