Plants, Medicinal

Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) current standard pharmacotherapies may be of limited efficacy. Non-conventional interventions such as Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), self-help techniques, and lifestyle interventions are commonly used by sufferers of OCD, however to date no systematic review of this specific area exists. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies using CAM, self-help, and lifestyle interventions for treatment of OCD and trichotillomania (TTM).

Author(s): 
Sarris, Jerome
Camfield, David
Berk, Michael
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

The use of herbal medicine is widespread and growing, with as many as 3 in 10 Americans using botanical remedies in a given year. Because many herbal medicines have significant pharmacological activity, and thus potential adverse effects and drug interactions, healthcare professionals must be familiar with this therapeutic modality. This article summarizes the history and current use of plant-based medicine and highlights the evidence of the risks and benefits associated with 6 plants: echinacea, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, St John's wort, and valerian.

Author(s): 
Barrett, B.
Kiefer, D.
Rabago, D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) current standard pharmacotherapies may be of limited efficacy. Non-conventional interventions such as Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), self-help techniques, and lifestyle interventions are commonly used by sufferers of OCD, however to date no systematic review of this specific area exists. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies using CAM, self-help, and lifestyle interventions for treatment of OCD and trichotillomania (TTM).

Author(s): 
Sarris, Jerome
Camfield, David
Berk, Michael
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

The use of herbal medicine is widespread and growing, with as many as 3 in 10 Americans using botanical remedies in a given year. Because many herbal medicines have significant pharmacological activity, and thus potential adverse effects and drug interactions, healthcare professionals must be familiar with this therapeutic modality. This article summarizes the history and current use of plant-based medicine and highlights the evidence of the risks and benefits associated with 6 plants: echinacea, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, St John's wort, and valerian.

Author(s): 
Barrett, B.
Kiefer, D.
Rabago, D.
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of herbal medicine compared with placebo, no intervention, or "standard/accepted/conventional treatments" for nonspecific low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain is a common condition and a substantial economic burden in industrialized societies. A large proportion of patients with chronic low back pain use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and/or visit CAM practitioners. Several herbal medicines have been purported for use in low back pain.

Author(s): 
Gagnier, Joel J.
van Tulder, Maurits W.
Berman, Brian
Bombardier, Claire
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

1. Homeopathy is an accepted form of health care in many countries worldwide. 2. Homeopathy is deeply healing, yet does so without causing side effects, tolerance, or addiction problems. 3. Homeopathic remedies are available over the counter in health food stores and some pharmacies. 4. Homeopathy is distinct from herbal medicine and does not interact with conventional treatments.

Author(s): 
Lennihan, Begabati
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

OBJECTIVE: 1) To assess the efficacy of homeopathic prepared Galphimia glauca compared to placebo in the treatment of pollinosis. 2) To estimate the corresponding overall success rate of Galphimia glauca. Meta-analysis of clinical trials. STUDY SELECTION: 7 randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials and 4 not placebo-controlled trials (1 randomized and controlled, 1 prospective uncontrolled, 2 retrospective uncontrolled) performed by our study group between 1980 and 1989. An additional MEDLINE search revealed no further trials on this topic.

Author(s): 
Ludtke, R.
Wiesenauer, M.
Publication Title: 
Primary Care

Homeopathy, using the tenet of "like cures like," is one of the most popular of the complementary medicines. In conventional medicine, however, little is known about this modality. This article describes the field of homeopathy and its principles and philosophy. It also summarizes the current state of evidence and offers an outlook on future research options.

Author(s): 
D'Huyvetter, Karen
Cohrssen, Andreas
Publication Title: 
Archives of Surgery (Chicago, Ill.: 1960)

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of homeopathic remedies has remained controversial. The homeopathic remedy most frequently studied in placebo-controlled clinical trials is Arnica montana. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the clinical efficacy of homeopathic arnica. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized literature searches were performed to retrieve all placebo-controlled studies on the subject. The following databases were searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CISCOM, and the Cochrane Library. Data were extracted in a predefined, standardized fashion independently by both authors.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Pittler, M. H.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Experimental research on the effects of homeopathic treatments on impaired plants was last reviewed in 1990. OBJECTIVES: To compile a systematic review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy with abiotically stressed plants using predefined criteria. METHODS: The literature search was carried out on publications that reported experiments on homeopathy using abiotically stressed whole plants, seeds, plant parts and cells from 1920 to 2010. Outcomes had to be measured by established procedures and statistically evaluated.

Author(s): 
Jäger, Tim
Scherr, Claudia
Shah, Devika
Majewsky, Vera
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Bonamin, Leoni
Simões-Wüst, Ana Paula
Wolf, Ursula
Simon, Meinhard
Heusser, Peter
Baumgartner, Stephan

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