Lung damage in the wake of thorax trauma has often occurred with delay. Treatment of such cases is difficult, and pulmonary failure has often been the result. Extended shock phase due to haemato-pneumothorax is one of the causes involved in this type of complication. Surgical treatment is often necessary of abdominal and thoracic injuries which occur in combination. The severity of haemorrhagic shock can be detected by early drainage of the thorax as a way of lung relief, and it will provide some safety for prolonged diagnostic and therapeutic action and for situations of obstruction.
Thoracoscopy is an invasive form of endoscopy which, however, can be performed with the patient in local anaesthesia. Hence, when it comes to patients, for example, in somewhat advanced age and thus with the surgical risk clearly increased, it can be used as the smallest possible intervention to clear up causes of effusions of unknown origin and can thus be helpful in avoiding an otherwise necessary operation with all associated possible complications.
American Journal of Transplantation: Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
There are no published series of the assessment process, profiles and outcomes of anonymous, directed or nondirected live liver donation. The outcomes of 29 consecutive potential anonymous liver donors at our center were assessed. We used our standard live liver assessment process, augmented with the following additional acceptance criteria: a logical rationale for donation, a history of social altruism, strong social supports and a willingness to maintain confidentiality of patient information.
Spontaneous pneumothorax is the most common cause of pneumothorax. We report a case of a 29-year-old healthy woman who presented to the emergency department with a spontaneous pneumothorax caused by a yoga breathing technique called Kapalabhati pranayama, or breath of fire. Yoga breathing exercises are commonly practiced, and a limited number of studies have shown various physiologic benefits of yoga breathing. This is the only known report of spontaneous pneumothorax caused by pranayama, but some other rare causes are noted.
Intimate partner violence affects individuals in every part of the world regardless of financial status, age, race, religion, nationality and educational background. Women are often the victims of assault by their partners and their presence in emergency departments is well documented. This report highlights the relatively infrequent occurrence of a traumatic pneumothorax as a result of intimate partner physical abuse and aims to emphasize the crucial role all health care professionals need to play if domestic violence is to be recognized early.