Poland

Publication Title: 
Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Five Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria were isolated from galls on different plant species in Hungary: strain 39/7(T) from Prunus cerasifera Myrobalan, strain 0 from grapevine var. Ezerjó, strain 7/1 from raspberry var. Findus and in Poland, strain C3.4.1 from Colt rootstock (Prunus avium × Prunus pseudocerasus) and strain CP17.2.2 from Prunus avium. Only one of these isolates, strain 0, is able to cause crown gall on different plant species.

Author(s): 
Pu?awska, Joanna
Willems, Anne
De Meyer, Sofie E.
Süle, Sandor
Publication Title: 
Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewn?trznej

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease characterized by the increased risk of fractures, decreased bone mass and bone quality. The number of patients suffering from osteoporosis still increase due to the extension of the lifespan in the developed countries. The low-energy hip fractures are the most severe complications of the disease, lethal in some cases. The number of hip-fractures in Poland exceeds 30,000 per year. Senile osteoporosis makes 20% of primary osteoporosis. The calcium and vitamin D3 intake from diet or their supplementation are crucial in the ethiopathogenesis of this disease.

Author(s): 
Wawrzyniak, Anna
Horst-Sikorska, Wanda
Publication Title: 
Roczniki Pa?stwowego Zak?adu Higieny

The aim of the study was to determine the preferences and nutritional habits of Warsaw centenarians during their "third period" of life. The study was conducted by a questionnaire method among 29 centenarians. Most of centenarians had general good health condition. Almost 60% of centenarians performed manual labor in the past. Then they drank small amounts of alcohol irregularly. Several percent of centenarians smoked in the past. Before the age of sixty less people then at present snacked between meals.

Author(s): 
Ko??ajtis-Do?owy, Anna
Pietruszka, Barbara
Ka?uza, Joanna
Pawli?iska-Chmara, Romana
Broczek, Katarzyna
Mossakowska, Ma?gorzata
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

INTRODUCTION: The article presents a selected part of an analysis of health- and lifestyle-related determinants of the longevity of male residents of the city of ?Ûd?. The WHO strategy for the European region assumes that the term' lifestyle' refers to the way of life based on the association between conditions of life understood in a broad sense and individual patterns of behaviour determined by socio-cultural factors and individual features.

Author(s): 
Smigielski, Janusz
Bielecki, Wojciech
Drygas, Wojciech
Publication Title: 
Ophthalmic Genetics

PURPOSE: To describe the phenotypic variability in a Polish Norrie disease (ND) family associated with the missense mutation A63D. METHODS: A patient with spared vision from a Polish ND family underwent detailed ophthalmological examinations including slit-lamp biomicroscopy, ultrasound (USG), angiography, Goldmann kinetic visual field, and electroretinography (ERG). Mutation screening was carried out using the single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique and subsequent DNA sequencing of the coding part of the ND gene.

Author(s): 
Zaremba, J.
Feil, S.
Juszko, J.
Myga, W.
van Duijnhoven, G.
Berger, W.
Publication Title: 
Archiwum Historii I Filozofii Medycyny

The article shows the process of nationalization of Polish hospitals run by religious congregations and elimination of priests runs from medical care. The process lasted until resignation of W?adys?aw Gomu?ka from the post of the first secretary of the Polish United Worker's Party. We can distinguish two periods of the process: 1948-1953 of nationalized of the congregation hospitals and 1960 - 1970 when this presence of the Catholic Church in the health was limited to indispensable minimum.

Author(s): 
Jastrzebowski, Zbigniew
Publication Title: 
Medical Anthropology Quarterly

The fall of state socialism in Poland in 1989 constituted a critical moment that redefined policies regulating reproductive health and access to care. As the Polish state adopted the discourse and agenda of the Catholic Church in its health policies, reproduction and sexuality became sites of moral governance through the implementation of the Conscience Clause law, which permits healthcare providers to deny medical services citing conscience-based objections.

Author(s): 
Mishtal, Joanna Z.
Publication Title: 
Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

BACKGROUND: Two qualitative studies have been conducted between 2002 and 2009 in Poland and Brazil, two different geopolitical settings in which the Catholic Church has had a significant political influence and where abortion is highly restricted. In both countries, struggles for abortion rights have played an important role in challenging the current restrictive policies and bringing attention to the plight of women unable to obtain abortions. This article examines the political role that physicians play in these contestations, drawing on some findings of two larger qualitative studies.

Author(s): 
De Zordo, Silvia
Mishtal, Joanna
Publication Title: 
Przeglad Lekarski

Health has an important value for every man and at the same time is a potential driving force of the development of societies. For almost all of the last centuries the main feature of the development of health protection systems has been the gradual acceptance of responsibility for the systematic development of health protection and medical care. It concerned both the preventive and therapeutic care and also aimed at maintaining health safety for all citizens. For centuries there have been various legal regulations concerning the functioning of the health system.

Author(s): 
Kucharska, Ewa
Necek, Robert
Publication Title: 
Anthropology & Medicine

Polish birthrates during the state socialist period, 1948-1989, stayed above replacement level but since 1989 fell dramatically to one of the lowest in Europe, at 1.29 in 2010. The Polish Catholic Church and the newly-elected nationalist government of Lech Wa??sa reacted by escalating pronatalist rhetoric calling on women to increase childbearing in the name of economic and nationalist causes.

Author(s): 
Mishtal, Joanna

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