Polysomnography

Publication Title: 
Sleep Medicine Reviews

To examine the extent to which research supports the use of acupuncture in treating insomnia, a systematic review was conducted that included not only clinical trials, but also case series in both English and Chinese literature. Thirty studies were included in the review, 93% of which showed positive treatment effects of acupuncture in improving various aspects of sleep.

Author(s): 
Huang, Wei
Kutner, Nancy
Bliwise, Donald L.
Publication Title: 
Sleep Medicine Reviews

To examine the extent to which research supports the use of acupuncture in treating insomnia, a systematic review was conducted that included not only clinical trials, but also case series in both English and Chinese literature. Thirty studies were included in the review, 93% of which showed positive treatment effects of acupuncture in improving various aspects of sleep.

Author(s): 
Huang, Wei
Kutner, Nancy
Bliwise, Donald L.
Publication Title: 
Der Nervenarzt

Diagnostic systems such as the international classification of diseases (ICD-10) or the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM IV) have frequently been criticized as not adequately reflecting the complexity and heterogeneity of insomnia. Progress was made through the introduction of the international classification of sleep disorders (ICSD-2) and the research diagnostic criteria (RDC). The DSM-5 introduced the new category of insomnia disorder, thus relinquishing the traditional dichotomy of primary versus secondary insomnia.

Author(s): 
Riemann, D.
Baglioni, C.
Feige, B.
Spiegelhalder, K.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Chronic dyssomnia is highly prevalent and has multiple etiologies. Hypnotherapy has been reported as beneficial for insomnia, but the description of the subject populations has been limited. A group of patients was evaluated at a sleep disorders center for a dyssomnia that occurred on at least 3 nights per week for 6 months or more. Six patients accepted hypnotherapy for their persistent psychophysiological insomnia and other sleep disorder diagnoses. Three patients responded to two sessions of structured hypnotherapy. The three responders remained improved at 16-month follow-up.

Author(s): 
Becker, P. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology

There are currently three recognized menstrual-related sleep disorders: premenstrual insomnia, menopausal insomnia and premenstrual hypersomnia. Another category, premenstrual parasomnia (sleep behavior disorder), is now suggested. Case 1, a 17-year-old female, presented with a 6-year history of exclusively premenstrual sleep terrors and injurious sleep-walking that began 1 year after menarche. During the four nights preceding each menses, she would scream and run from her bed. There was no history of premenstrual syndrome.

Author(s): 
Schenck, C. H.
Mahowald, M. W.
Publication Title: 
Sleep

A series of 33 patients with combined (injurious) sleepwalking, sleep terrors, and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (viz. "parasomnia overlap disorder") was gathered over an 8-year period. Patients underwent clinical and polysomnographic evaluations. Mean age was 34 +/- 14 (SD) years; mean age of parasomnia onset was 15 +/- 16 years (range 1-66); 70% (n = 23) were males.

Author(s): 
Schenck, C. H.
Boyd, J. L.
Mahowald, M. W.
Publication Title: 
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior

It has been reported that the sedative component of pentobarbital is mediated by GABA receptors in an endogenous sleep pathway and the ventrolateral preoptic area (VLPO)-tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) or VLPO-dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neural circuit is important in the sedative response to pentobarbital. Our previous findings indicated that the VLPO-TMN neuronal circuit may play crucial part in the augmentative effect of diltiazem on pentobarbital sleep and the serotonergic system may be involved.

Author(s): 
Cui, Su-Ying
Cui, Xiang-Yu
Zhang, Juan
Wang, Zi-Jun
Yu, Bin
Sheng, Zhao-Fu
Zhang, Xue-Qiong
Shi, Xiao-Lei
Zhang, Yong-He
Publication Title: 
Chronobiology International

Aromatherapy is an anecdotal method for modifying sleep and mood. However, whether olfactory exposure to essential oils affects night-time objective sleep remains untested. Previous studies also demonstrate superior olfactory abilities in women. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of an olfactory stimulus on subsequent sleep and assessed gender differences in such effects.

Author(s): 
Goel, Namni
Kim, Hyungsoo
Lao, Raymund P.
Publication Title: 
Sleep Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi exercise program on sleep using the sleep spectrogram, a method based on a single channel electrocardiogram (ECG)-derived estimation of cardiopulmonary coupling, previously shown to identify stable and unstable sleep states. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 24-h continuous ECG data obtained in a clinical trial of Tai Chi exercise in patients with heart failure.

Author(s): 
Yeh, Gloria Y.
Mietus, Joseph E.
Peng, Chung-Kang
Phillips, Russell S.
Davis, Roger B.
Wayne, Peter M.
Goldberger, Ary L.
Thomas, Robert J.
Publication Title: 
Research in Nursing & Health

A single-group crossover design was used to examine the effects of a warm footbath on body temperatures, distal-proximal skin temperature gradient (DPG), and sleep outcomes in 15 Taiwanese elders with self-reported sleep disturbance. Body temperatures and polysomnography were recorded for three consecutive nights. Participants were assigned randomly to receive a 41 degrees C footbath for 40 minutes before sleep onset on night 2 or night 3. Mean DPG before lights off was significantly elevated on the bathing night.

Author(s): 
Liao, Wen-Chun
Chiu, Ming-Jang
Landis, Carol A.

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