Postpartum Period

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Postpartum constipation, with symptoms such as pain or discomfort, straining, and hard stool, is a common condition affecting mothers. Haemorrhoids, pain at the episiotomy site, effects of pregnancy hormones and haematinics used in pregnancy can increase the risk of postpartum constipation. Eating a high-fibre diet and increasing fluid intake is usually encouraged, although laxatives are commonly used in relieving constipation. The effectiveness and safety of available interventions for preventing postpartum constipation needs to be ascertained.

Author(s): 
Turawa, Eunice B.
Musekiwa, Alfred
Rohwer, Anke C.
Publication Title: 
BMC pregnancy and childbirth

BACKGROUND: A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the mechanical adaptations of the body under conditions of changing load during a common female human lifespan condition, while minimizing the influences of inter human differences.

Author(s): 
Gilleard, Wendy L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift F¸r Vitamin- Und Ern‰hrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition

Vitamin E and carotenoid pigments are important nutrients for the maintenance of health and protection of tissues against free radical damage. They also play a potential role in disease-risk-prediction and -protection, but little is known about their physiological and sociodemographic correlates and determinants, especially in a West African context. As part of a study of reproductive health in rural Gambian women, blood samples were obtained from 1286 women aged 15 to 54 years, living in the Farafenni area of The Gambia.

Author(s): 
Bates, Christopher J.
Matthews, Neal
West, Beryl
Morison, Linda
Walraven, Gijs
Publication Title: 
The ABNF journal: official journal of the Association of Black Nursing Faculty in Higher Education, Inc

Obesity presents a public health challenge and is a serious chronic medical condition that is associated with multiple co-morbidities and reduced survivability/longevity. African American adolescents who retain weight after pregnancy are at the highest risk of becoming obese adults. Obesity is associated with 300,000 deaths per year and expected to cost the US. health care system over 237 million dollars within the next decade. The prevalence of obesity is cause for concern because of its economic costs and its toll in human suffering due to related morbidity and mortality.

Author(s): 
Phillips, Thelma
Publication Title: 
Contraception

BACKGROUND: The relationship between perinatal psychiatric disorders and the use of effective contraceptive methods among postpartum women served by primary care clinics has not been established. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study with 831 pregnant women recruited from 10 primary care clinics of the public sector in S„o Paulo followed up to 18 months after delivery. RESULTS: Among 701 postpartum women, 644 women (91.8%) had resumed sexual activity. Two hundred fifty-three women (39.2%) were classified as using a less effective contraception method (LECM).

Author(s): 
Faisal-Cury, Alexandre
Menezes, Paulo Rossi
Huang, Hsiang
Publication Title: 
Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice

The number of incarcerated women in the United States is steadily increasing with 9% giving birth while serving time. Mothers and babies are routinely separated immediately and during most of the postpartum period. This qualitative study examines the impact of this policy by exploring the nature and meaning of the mother-infant bonding experience when the mothers know separation is coming. Twelve incarcerated postpartum mothers were interviewed during the early postpartum period about their antepartum and postpartum relationships with their babies.

Author(s): 
Chambers, Angelina N.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries little is known about changes in women's mental health status from the perinatal period to 15 months postpartum or the factors associated with different trajectories. AIMS: To determine the incidence and rates of recovery from common mental disorders (CMD) among rural Vietnamese women and the risk and protective factors associated with these outcomes from the perinatal period to 15 months after giving birth.

Author(s): 
Nguyen, Trang Thu
Tran, Thach Duc
Tran, Tuan
La, Buoi
Nguyen, Hau
Fisher, Jane
Publication Title: 
Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing: JOGNN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the lived experience of becoming a new mother from the unique perspectives of previously infertile women. DESIGN: A descriptive phenomenological design was used to extract the fundamental structure of the postpartum experience of previously infertile mothers. SETTING: Central Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve first-time, previously infertile mothers age 27 to 43 years. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted twice with each participant. Recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using Colaizzi's approach.

Author(s): 
Ladores, Sigrid
Aroian, Karen
Publication Title: 
Birth (Berkeley, Calif.)

BACKGROUND: Women are increasingly being asked to consider participating in medical research. We sought to investigate views of women who participated in and declined to participate in a study that was part of a program of maternity care research. METHODS: An exploratory study using focus group interviews and semistructured interviews was conducted. A purposive sample of 17 postnatal women who had participated in research, from a hospital in the North West of England, were interviewed. An open coding mechanism to identify emergent themes was used for the analysis of data.

Author(s): 
Baker, Lisa
Lavender, Tina
Tincello, Douglas
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Author(s): 
Gross, H. N.
Posner, N. A.

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