Postprandial Period

Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Lipidology

Accumulating evidence suggests that oxidized fats and lipid oxidation products in the diet can contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present review summarizes studies that show that oxidized fat and lipid oxidation products are present in human foods; that these compounds are absorbed by the intestine and appear in the blood circulation; and that these ingested substances can have deleterious cardiovascular effects in both humans and experimental animals.

Author(s): 
Cohn, Jeffrey S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Several groups of patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease have been found to show an exaggerated postprandial hypertriglyceridemia. Postprandial lipemia (PPL) therefore has been implicated as a potential additional risk factor that has been evading us. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of high fasting high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels on PPL in postmenopausal females.

Author(s): 
Kolovou, Genovef‡ D.
Anagnostopoulou, Katherine K.
Salpea, Klelia D.
Pilatis, Nektarios D.
Iraklianou, Stella
Grapsa, Georgia
Pantelakis, Alexandros
Tsarpalis, Konstantinos
Kapnia, Evaggelia
Cokkinos, Dennis V.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Journal

Historically, in the 1950s, the chemist Linus Pauling established a relationship between decreased longevity and obesity. At this time, with the advent of studies involving the mechanisms that modulate appetite control, some researchers observed that the hypothalamus is the "appetite centre" and that peripheral tissues have important roles in the modulation of gut inflammatory processes and levels of hormones that control food intake.

Author(s): 
Pimentel, Gustavo D.
Micheletti, Thayana O.
Pace, Fernanda
Rosa, JosÈ C.
Santos, Ronaldo V. T.
Lira, Fabio S.
Publication Title: 
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: No data are available on the effect of hypnosis on gastric emptying. AIM: To determine the effect of a hypnosis session on gastric emptying and dyspeptic symptoms. METHODS: We studied emptying by ultrasonography and epigastric sensations in 11 healthy subjects and in 15 patients affected by functional dyspepsia under three conditions according to a fixed schedule: (a) basal, (b) after cisapride and (c) during a 90 min hypnotic trance. Eight healthy subjects repeated an emptying study listening to relaxing music.

Author(s): 
Chiarioni, G.
Vantini, I.
De Iorio, F.
Benini, L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

OBJECTIVES: The effects of hypnosis on physiological (gastrointestinal) functions are incompletely understood, and it is unknown whether they are hypnosis-specific and gut-specific, or simply unspecific effects of relaxation. DESIGN: Sixty-two healthy female volunteers were randomly assigned to either a single session of hypnotic suggestion of ingesting an appetizing meal and an unappetizing meal, or to relax and concentrate on having an appetizing or unappetizing meal, while the electrogastrogram (EGG) was recorded.

Author(s): 
Enck, Paul
Hefner, Jochen
Herbert, Beate M.
Mazurak, Nazar
Weimer, Katja
Muth, Eric R.
Zipfel, Stephan
Martens, Ute
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Certain yoga asanas if practiced regularly are known to have beneficial effects on human body. These yoga practices might be interacting with various, somato-neuro-endocrine mechanisms to have therapeutic effects. The present study done in twenty four NIDDM patients of 30 to 60 year old, provides metabolic and clinical evidence of improvement in glycaemic control and pulmonary functions. These middle-aged subjects were type II diabetics on antihyperglycaemic and dietary regimen.

Author(s): 
Malhotra, Varun
Singh, Savita
Singh, K. P.
Gupta, P.
Sharma, S. B.
Madhu, S. V.
Tandon, O. P.
Publication Title: 
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry

Kothala himbutu is a traditional Ayurvedic medicinal plant used to treat diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the safety of an aqueous extract of Kothala himbutu stem (KTE) in normal mice. The mice were divided into two groups: one was administered KTE and the other distilled water for 3 weeks. During the test period, the groups showed no significant differences in body weight gain or plasma parameters, such as fasting blood glucose level, oral glucose tolerance test, or aspartate transaminase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) activity.

Author(s): 
Im, Ryanghyok
Mano, Hiroshi
Nakatani, Sachie
Shimizu, Jun
Wada, Masahiro
Publication Title: 
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

Salacia oblonga (SO) root is an Ayurvedic medicine with anti-diabetic and anti-obese properties. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha, a nuclear receptor, plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of lipid metabolism.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tom Hsun-Wei
Peng, Gang
Li, George Qian
Yamahara, Johji
Roufogalis, Basil D.
Li, Yuhao
Publication Title: 
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry

Kothala himbutu is a traditional Ayurvedic medicinal plant used to treat diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the safety of an aqueous extract of Kothala himbutu stem (KTE) in normal mice. The mice were divided into two groups: one was administered KTE and the other distilled water for 3 weeks. During the test period, the groups showed no significant differences in body weight gain or plasma parameters, such as fasting blood glucose level, oral glucose tolerance test, or aspartate transaminase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) activity.

Author(s): 
Im, Ryanghyok
Mano, Hiroshi
Nakatani, Sachie
Shimizu, Jun
Wada, Masahiro
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dietary Supplements

Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, and associated with long-term damage and dysfunction of various organs. Management of diabetes is therefore vital and involves maintaining euglycemia as much as possible by reducing blood glucose and by increasing insulin sensitivity and peripheral glucose uptake. Ayurveda has promoted the management of diabetes by regulating carbohydrate metabolism using several medicinal herbs, one of which is Gymnema sylvestre (GS).

Author(s): 
Kumar, Smriti Nanda
Mani, Uliyar Vitaldas
Mani, Indirani

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