Poultry Diseases

Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes inflammation in multiple organs of chickens called avian colibacillosis, and results in serious economic loss to the chicken industry. Polyphenolic compounds possess a wide range of physiological activities that may contribute to their beneficial effects against inflammation-related diseases. In this study, the curative effect and mechanism of action of the polyphenolic extracts from Punica granatum L. and Terminalia chebula Retz. in chickens challenged with APEC were studied.

Author(s): 
Zhong, Xinlu
Shi, Yaran
Chen, Jiajia
Xu, Jianqing
Wang, Lei
Beier, Ross C.
Hou, Xiaolin
Liu, Fenghua
Publication Title: 
The Veterinary Quarterly

Coccidiosis in chickens is a parasitic disease with great economic significance, which has been controlled successfully for decades using mainly anticoccidial products. However, large-scale and long-term use of anticoccidial drugs has led to the worldwide development of resistance against all these drugs. In order to minimize the occurrence of resistance, the rotation of various anticoccidial drugs in single and/or shuttle programmes is used. Unfortunately, this has not solved the anticoccidial resistance problem.

Author(s): 
Peek, H. W.
Landman, W. J. M.
Publication Title: 
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids

Chronic inflammation has been linked to cancer. Prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) is the most pro-inflammatory lipid and one of the downstream products of 2 isoforms of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes: COX-1 and COX-2. Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy and mainly occurs in older women. The factors that contribute to the correlation of age and ovarian cancer are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of COX enzymes and PGE₂ levels in ovaries and correlate them to ovarian cancer and aging.

Author(s): 
Eilati, Erfan
Pan, Lurui
Bahr, Janice M.
Hales, Dale Buchanan
Publication Title: 
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids

Prevention of ovarian cancer is the best approach for reducing the impact of this deadly disease. The laying hen is a robust model of spontaneous ovarian cancer that recapitulates the human disease. Dietary intervention with flaxseed, the richest vegetable source of omega-3 fatty acids (OM-3FAs) and phytoestrogen lignans, demonstrate the potential for effective prevention and amelioration of ovarian cancer by targeting inflammatory prostaglandin pathways.

Author(s): 
Eilati, Erfan
Hales, Karen
Zhuge, Yan
Ansenberger Fricano, Kristine
Yu, Rui
van Breemen, Richard B.
Hales, Dale Buchanan
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: In this study it was determined that a Calendula officinalis water extract can reduce the immune response to three different viruses in broiler chickens, associated with improvement in body weights. MATERIAL/METHODS: The experiment was conducted on broiler chickens divided into two groups of 105 birds each. The first group received a Calendula officinalis water extract orally, while the second group received drinking water only. All birds in the two groups were similarly exposed to three different live vaccine viruses.

Author(s): 
Barbour, Elie K.
Sagherian, Vatché
Talhouk, Salma
Talhouk, Rabih
Farran, Mohamad T.
Sleiman, Fawwak T.
Harakeh, Steve
Publication Title: 
Research in Veterinary Science

This study sought to determine the efficacy of isopathic and pluralist homeopathic treatment of colibacillosis in broiler chickens and thereby contribute to the evaluation of homeopathy in general. In each of two experiments three groups of broilers, infected intratracheally at 8 days of age with E. coli (O78:K80), were treated with different combinations of homeopathic remedies. Control groups and an infected, doxycyline-treated group were included. Experiments differed only in the dose of E. coli.

Author(s): 
Velkers, F. C.
te Loo, A. J. H.
Madin, F.
van Eck, J. H. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B

Seeds of a Chinese traditional medicine plant, Cochinchina momordica were used in the present study for the improvement of influenza vaccine (H5N1) in chicken. Crude extraction from Cochinchina momordica seed (ECMS) was obtained by ethanol extraction method. In experiment No. 1, two weeks old chickens were immunized with influenza vaccine (H5N1) alone or combined with ECMS (5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 microg/dose). Serum IgG antibody levels (by ELISA) as well as effects on daily weight gain were measured on 0, 7, 14 and 28th day after immunization.

Author(s): 
Rajput, Zahid Iqbal
Xiao, Chen-wen
Hu, Song-hua
Arijo, Abdullah G.
Soomro, Noor Mohammad
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ecological habit and characteristics of Trichobilharzia cercariae in the Huaihe river system. METHODS: During June of 2002-May of 2003, Radix auricularia snails were collected monthly in Yaohe Fishery of the branch of the Huaihe River. The cercariae, released from the positive snails and collected by Shade Drop Bottle, were examined by direct press. Ducklings were infected by cercariae with different ages and examined for the infection by miracidia hatching method. RESULTS: The results showed a typical seasonal fluctuation in infection rate of the snails, i.e.

Author(s): 
Sheng, Si-chun
Qin, Zhi-hui
Zhang, Min-qun
Tai, Yan
Ni, Shi-gang
Wen, Ji-yue
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Author(s): 
Sá, Cátia
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