Pregnancy Outcome

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Every second 4.3 births occur in the world, signifying the magnitude and importance of pregnancy. This study looked at yoga interventions done from 2008 to December 2013 and examined whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for influencing maternal and birth outcomes in pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic search of MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ACP Journal Club databases was conducted for quantitative articles of pregnancy involving all schools of yoga.

Author(s): 
Sharma, Manoj
Branscum, Paul
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes at term is managed expectantly or by elective birth, but it is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with term prelabour rupture of membranes on fetal, infant and maternal wellbeing.

Author(s): 
Dare, M. R.
Middleton, P.
Crowther, C. A.
Flenady, V. J.
Varatharaju, B.
Publication Title: 
Curationis

BACKGROUND: Herbal and homeopathic remedies have been used to assist with child bearing and pregnancy for centuries. Allopathic ('Western') medicine is traditionally avoided during pregnancy because of limited drug trials and the suspected teratogenic effects of these medications. This has led to an increase in the use of herbal and homeopathic remedies, asthey are viewed to have no teratogenic effect on the developing foetus.

Author(s): 
Boltman-Binkowski, Haaritha
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

The research published to date does not show a definitive positive impact of acupuncture on IVF success rates. However, researchers seem to lack traditional scientific practices when interpreting the data.

Author(s): 
Domar, Alice D.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

Two randomized trials provide suggestive evidence that acupuncture might be an effective adjunctive therapy in assisted reproductive technologies, leading to improved pregnancy rates. However, additional research addressing remaining scientific and methodologic issues is needed before routine use of acupuncture can be recommended.

Author(s): 
Myers, Evan R.
Publication Title: 
BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology

BACKGROUND: Numerous randomised studies have reported pregnancy outcome in women who received acupuncture during their in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment cycle. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis of the trials of acupuncture during IVF treatment on the outcomes of clinical pregnancy and live birth rates. SEARCH STRATEGY: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ISI Proceedings and SCISEARCH.

Author(s): 
El-Toukhy, T.
Sunkara, S. K.
Khairy, M.
Dyer, R.
Khalaf, Y.
Coomarasamy, A.
Publication Title: 
Human Fertility (Cambridge, England)

The objectives of this systematic review were to determine the effectiveness of (a) acupuncture and (b) Chinese herbal medicine on the treatment of male and female subfertility by assisted reproductive technologies (ART). All reports from RCTs of acupuncture and/or Chinese herbal medicine in ART were obtained via searches through The Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Sub-fertility Group's Specialised Register of controlled trials, and other major databases.

Author(s): 
Cheong, Ying
Nardo, Luciano G.
Rutherford, Tony
Ledger, William
Publication Title: 
Midwifery

OBJECTIVE: to assess the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour. SEARCH METHODS: studies were identified from a search of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (November 2008). SELECTION CRITERIA: randomised controlled trials comparing women receiving TENS for pain relief in labour vs routine care or placebo devices. All types of TENS machines were included.

Author(s): 
Bedwell, Carol
Dowswell, Therese
Neilson, James P.
Lavender, Tina
Publication Title: 
BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is frequently used for pain relief in labour, but the evidence is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To critically evaluate the evidence for or against acupuncture for labour pain management. SEARCH STRATEGY: Nineteen electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese, and Chinese databases, were systematically searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving women receiving acupuncture alone, or as an adjunct to conventional analgesia, for pain relief in labour were considered.

Author(s): 
Cho, S.-H.
Lee, H.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

The research published to date does not show a definitive positive impact of acupuncture on IVF success rates. However, researchers seem to lack traditional scientific practices when interpreting the data.

Author(s): 
Domar, Alice D.

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