Premenstrual Syndrome

Publication Title: 
Archives of Women's Mental Health

We systematically reviewed empirical studies that investigated the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Our multi-database search identified seven published empirical reports. Three were identified as randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The methods utilized to investigate therapeutic efficacy of CBT in these studies varied widely from case reports to RCTs with pharmacotherapy comparison groups. Initially we provide a brief overview of CBT and justifications for its potential use to treat PMS/PMDD.

Author(s): 
Lustyk, M. Kathleen B.
Gerrish, Winslow G.
Shaver, Shelley
Keys, Shaunie L.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Complementary/alternative therapies are popular with women who have premenstrual syndrome. This systematic review was designed to determine whether use of such therapies is supported by evidence of effectiveness from rigorous clinical trials. Trials were located through searching 7 databases and checking the reference lists of articles. Randomized controlled trials investigating a complementary/alternative therapy in women with premenstrual syndrome published in the peer-reviewed literature were included in the review.

Author(s): 
Stevinson, C.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

Acupuncture has been used for treatment of female reproductive disorders dated back at least 2000 years. It has been known to promote homeostasis, modulate hormonal disturbance and induce ovulation. While the increasing popularity of acupuncture therapy demands a serious debate about its scientific documentation. This article is intended to present the experimental data about the effects of electroacupuncture at Guanyuan (RN 4), bilateral Zhongji (RN 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and bilateral Zigong (EXCA 1) in the ovariectomized rats.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Hong
Chen, Bo-Ying
Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Premenstrual symptoms occur in 95% of women of reproductive age. Severe, debilitating symptoms (PMS) occur in about 5% of those women. There is no consensus on how symptom severity should be assessed, which has led to a wide variety of symptoms scales, making it difficult to synthesise data on treatment efficacy. The cyclical nature of the condition also makes it difficult to conduct RCTs.

Author(s): 
Kwan, Irene
Onwude, Joseph Loze
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of acupuncture in the case of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of acupuncture for the symptomatic treatment of PMS from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese and Chinese, were systematically searched up to January 2009 with no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: RCTs comparing acupuncture with control investigating acupuncture for PMS were considered.

Author(s): 
Cho, Seung-Hun
Kim, Jongwoo
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of acupuncture in the case of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of acupuncture for the symptomatic treatment of PMS from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic databases, including English, Korean, Japanese and Chinese, were systematically searched up to January 2009 with no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: RCTs comparing acupuncture with control investigating acupuncture for PMS were considered.

Author(s): 
Cho, Seung-Hun
Kim, Jongwoo
Publication Title: 
Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical

BACKGROUND: Women specific health complaints are common, and women are higher users of complementary therapies and medicines. Acupuncture is one modality used by women. The aim of this paper was to summarise the evidence from scientific trials and systematic reviews assessing the effectiveness of acupuncture to treat the most common women specific reproductive health complaints.

Author(s): 
Smith, Caroline A.
Carmady, Bridget
Publication Title: 
Feminism & Psychology
Author(s): 
Sethna, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology

There are currently three recognized menstrual-related sleep disorders: premenstrual insomnia, menopausal insomnia and premenstrual hypersomnia. Another category, premenstrual parasomnia (sleep behavior disorder), is now suggested. Case 1, a 17-year-old female, presented with a 6-year history of exclusively premenstrual sleep terrors and injurious sleep-walking that began 1 year after menarche. During the four nights preceding each menses, she would scream and run from her bed. There was no history of premenstrual syndrome.

Author(s): 
Schenck, C. H.
Mahowald, M. W.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Premenstrual Syndrome is a psychoneuroendocrine stress related disorder and more than 300 treatment modalities for PMS show that the existing remedies have not provided satisfactory help to relieve PMS. 61-points relaxation exercise (61-PR), a relatively less known hatha yoga technique, is a successful means of stress relaxation and is expected to relieve PMS as well.

Author(s): 
Dvivedi, Jyoti
Dvivedi, Sanjay
Mahajan, K. K.
Mittal, Sunita
Singhal, Anil

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