Preoperative Care

Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence during the past several decades suggests that psychosocial factors can directly influence both physiologic function and health outcomes, medicine had failed to move beyond the biomedical model, in part because of lack of exposure to the evidence base supporting the biopsychosocial model. The literature was reviewed to examine the efficacy of representative psychosocial-mind-body interventions, including relaxation, (cognitive) behavioral therapies, meditation, imagery, biofeedback, and hypnosis for several common clinical conditions.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Shapiro, Shauna L.
Eisenberg, David M.
Forys, Kelly L.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence during the past several decades suggests that psychosocial factors can directly influence both physiologic function and health outcomes, medicine had failed to move beyond the biomedical model, in part because of lack of exposure to the evidence base supporting the biopsychosocial model. The literature was reviewed to examine the efficacy of representative psychosocial-mind-body interventions, including relaxation, (cognitive) behavioral therapies, meditation, imagery, biofeedback, and hypnosis for several common clinical conditions.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Shapiro, Shauna L.
Eisenberg, David M.
Forys, Kelly L.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: A large body of research has demonstrated that patient factors are strong predictors of recovery from surgery. Mind-body therapies are increasingly targeted at pre-operative psychological factors. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the efficacy of pre-operative mind-body based interventions on post-operative outcome measures amongst elective surgical patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature was conducted using the electronic databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO.

Author(s): 
Nelson, Elizabeth A.
Dowsey, Michelle M.
Knowles, Simon R.
Castle, David J.
Salzberg, Michael R.
Monshat, Kaveh
Dunin, Anthony J.
Choong, Peter F. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence during the past several decades suggests that psychosocial factors can directly influence both physiologic function and health outcomes, medicine had failed to move beyond the biomedical model, in part because of lack of exposure to the evidence base supporting the biopsychosocial model. The literature was reviewed to examine the efficacy of representative psychosocial-mind-body interventions, including relaxation, (cognitive) behavioral therapies, meditation, imagery, biofeedback, and hypnosis for several common clinical conditions.

Author(s): 
Astin, John A.
Shapiro, Shauna L.
Eisenberg, David M.
Forys, Kelly L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: In a review and meta-analysis conducted in 1993, psychological preparation was found to be beneficial for a range of outcome variables including pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect. Since this review, more detailed bibliographic searching has become possible, additional studies testing psychological preparation for surgery have been completed and hospital procedures have changed.

Author(s): 
Powell, Rachael
Scott, Neil W.
Manyande, Anne
Bruce, Julie
Vögele, Claus
Byrne-Davis, Lucie M. T.
Unsworth, Mary
Osmer, Christian
Johnston, Marie
Publication Title: 
Australian Family Physician

Surgery for the aged presents a special challenge for all members of the hospital team. The tone of a geriatric hospital is unique. It has usually been adapted specifically for the needs of the elderly. Quiet kindness replaces excessive urgency; a slower time scale allows unrushed opportunities for patient care and contact; and a friendly family spirit helps replace what is missing in the lives of many elderly patients.

Author(s): 
Moore, A. R.
Publication Title: 
Australian Family Physician

Surgery for the aged presents a special challenge for all members of the hospital team. The tone of a geriatric hospital is unique. It has usually been adapted specifically for the needs of the elderly. Quiet kindness replaces excessive urgency; a slower time scale allows unrushed opportunities for patient care and contact; and a friendly family spirit helps replace what is missing in the lives of many elderly patients.

Author(s): 
Moore, A. R.
Publication Title: 
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association

BACKGROUND: There are many views regarding the initiation of the process for live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), the motives of the donor and the appropriate ways to promote LDKT. METHODS: Health care professionals and patients were recruited in a tertiary renal and transplant centre and completed an anonymous questionnaire. They were then divided into focus groups and a structured interview was performed in order to discover the rationale behind the answers in the questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and sixty-four participants completed the questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Mazaris, Evangelos M.
Warrens, Anthony N.
Smith, Glenn
Tekkis, Paris
Papalois, Vassilios E.
Publication Title: 
Khirurgiia
Author(s): 
Gurevich, G. M.
Mastbaum, I. S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Steingart, G.

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