Prescriptions

Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

Recent calls for eclecticism in clinical practice have been fueled by the putative limitations of behavioral techniques in treating a variety of psychological problems. However, calls for such integration do not appear to be justified for two related reasons. First, the precise conditions under which behavioral interventions are and are not effective have not yet been adequately delineated. Consequently, rejection of behavioral interventions in favor of relatively indiscriminate application of cognitive strategies is premature.

Author(s): 
Acierno, R.
Hersen, M.
Van Hasselt, V. B.
Ammerman, R. T.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: In the rural zone of Niakhar in Senegal, the first therapeutic failures for chloroquine (CQ) were observed in 1992. In 2003, the national policy regarding first-line treatment of uncomplicated malaria was modified, replacing CQ by a transitory bi-therapy amodiaquine/sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (AQ/SP), before the implementation of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in 2006. The aims of the study were to assess the evolution of anti-malarial prescriptions in three health care facilities between 1992 and 2004, in parallel with increasing CQ resistance in the region.

Author(s): 
Munier, Aline
Diallo, Aldiouma
Cot, Michel
NDiaye, Ousmane
Arduin, Pascal
Chippaux, Jean-Philippe
Publication Title: 
PLoS medicine

BACKGROUND: The use of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for Plasmodium falciparum malaria is being suggested to improve diagnostic efficiency in peripheral health care settings in Africa. Such improved diagnostics are critical to minimize overuse and thereby delay development of resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). Our objective was to study the influence of RDT-aided malaria diagnosis on drug prescriptions, health outcomes, and costs in primary health care settings.

Author(s): 
Msellem, Mwinyi I.
Mårtensson, Andreas
Rotllant, Guida
Bhattarai, Achuyt
Strömberg, Johan
Kahigwa, Elizeus
Garcia, Montse
Petzold, Max
Olumese, Peter
Ali, Abdullah
Björkman, Anders
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of malaria case management in Cameroon 5 years after the adoption of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). Treatment patterns were examined in different types of facility, and the factors associated with being prescribed or receiving an ACT were investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional cluster survey was conducted among individuals of all ages who left public and private health facilities and medicine retailers in Cameroon and who reported seeking treatment for a fever.

Author(s): 
Mangham, Lindsay J.
Cundill, Bonnie
Achonduh, Olivia A.
Ambebila, Joel N.
Lele, Albertine K.
Metoh, Theresia N.
Ndive, Sarah N.
Ndong, Ignatius C.
Nguela, Rachel L.
Nji, Akindeh M.
Orang-Ojong, Barnabas
Wiseman, Virginia
Pamen-Ngako, Joelle
Mbacham, Wilfred F.
Publication Title: 
African Health Sciences

BACKGROUND: Increasing resistance to first line antimalarial drugs led to a change in the antimalarial policy of Uganda in 2005. Successful implementation of this policy depends on changing prescribing patterns of health workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe prescribing patterns for malaria and associated factors in a rural Ugandan hospital following a change in antimalarial treatment policy from chloroquine plus sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine to artemisinin-based combination therapies. METHODS: From the outpatients register, 715 prescriptions for malaria were reviewed.

Author(s): 
Ucakacon, P. S.
Achan, J.
Kutyabami, P.
Odoi, A. R.
Kalyango, N. J.
Publication Title: 
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives

BACKGROUND: While some studies have reported effectiveness of aromatherapy oils use during labour there is no reported evidence of efficacy or risks of aromatherapy oils use for pregnancy-related symptoms or conditions. A number of aromatherapy oils are unsafe for use by pregnant women yet there is currently no research examining the prevalence and characteristics of women who use aromatherapy oils during pregnancy. AIM: To conduct an empirical study of the prevalence and characteristics of women who use aromatherapy oils during pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Sibbritt, David W.
Catling, Christine J.
Adams, Jon
Shaw, Andrea J.
Homer, Caroline S. E.
Publication Title: 
Medical Hypotheses

Approaches to personal behaviour change include contractual and negotiation models. This paper elaborates these partnership models by linking a religious act to desired behaviour change beyond narrow and specific domains, such as promotion of sexual abstinence. It discusses the hypothesis that oath-taking can facilitate positive, health-related behaviour change in human individuals. The change must be desired by these individuals when they nevertheless feel conflicted in their motives, and believe in a divine presence to which they can oath-take.

Author(s): 
Buetow, Stephen A.
Adams, Peter
Publication Title: 
BMC infectious diseases

BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea accounts for 20% of all paediatric deaths in India. Despite WHO recommendations and IAP (Indian Academy of Paediatrics) and Government of India treatment guidelines, few children suffering from acute diarrhoea in India receive low osmolarity oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc from health care providers. The aim of this study was to analyse practitioners' prescriptions for acute diarrhoea for adherence to treatment guidelines and further to determine the factors affecting prescribing for diarrhoea in Ujjain, India.

Author(s): 
Pathak, Deepali
Pathak, Ashish
Marrone, Gaetano
Diwan, Vishal
Lundborg, Cecilia Stålsby
Publication Title: 
BMC infectious diseases

BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea accounts for 20% of all paediatric deaths in India. Despite WHO recommendations and IAP (Indian Academy of Paediatrics) and Government of India treatment guidelines, few children suffering from acute diarrhoea in India receive low osmolarity oral rehydration solution (ORS) and zinc from health care providers. The aim of this study was to analyse practitioners' prescriptions for acute diarrhoea for adherence to treatment guidelines and further to determine the factors affecting prescribing for diarrhoea in Ujjain, India.

Author(s): 
Pathak, Deepali
Pathak, Ashish
Marrone, Gaetano
Diwan, Vishal
Lundborg, Cecilia Stålsby
Publication Title: 
Sleep

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine current patterns and predictors of use of prescription medications commonly used for insomnia (MCUFI) in the U.S. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2010. PARTICIPANTS: 32,328 noninstitutionalized community-dwelling U.S. adults. INTERVENTIONS: N/A.

Author(s): 
Bertisch, Suzanne M.
Herzig, Shoshana J.
Winkelman, John W.
Buettner, Catherine

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Prescriptions