Problem Solving

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

This study attempts to identify some of the signs of ineffective religious involvement in coping. Drawing from a process/integration model of efficacious coping, three broad types of religious warning signs were defined and 11 subscales were developed. These subscales were administered to a group of Roman Catholic church members and two groups of college undergraduates who had experienced different types of negative life events in the past two years.

Pargament, K. I.
Zinnbauer, B. J.
Scott, A. B.
Butter, E. M.
Zerowin, J.
Stanik, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

The role of friendship in the development and maintenance of lesbian love relationships was investigated by means of a structured interview with 23 lesbian women. Friendship was found to be a key factor in the development of the respondents' first same-sex love relationships; the first sexual/romantic relationship often grew out of an established friendship between the women.

Vetere, V. A.
Publication Title: 
Family Process

Wet Cocker Spaniel Therapy is a metaphor for the therapist's use of spontaneous techniques arising from the specific therapeutic situation rather than planned techniques from the therapist's training or allegiances. The paper proposes a problem-oriented, rather than technique-oriented, approach to family therapy. Most therapy can be performed in a calm, polite, rational, straightforward manner without any tricks or therapeutic razzle-dazzle. From time to time, the therapist may have to startle or jerk the family past a snag point and into change.

Pittman, F. S.
Publication Title: 

Early theorists described physical diseases (e.g., asthma, ulcers) thought to be associated with the inhibition of weeping (e.g., Alexander 1950), and catharsis theories (Breuer and Freud 1895/1955; Koestler 1964) postulated that unexpressed emotion accumulated as in a tank, and then overflowed as tears when a threshold level was exceeded. From a more biological perspective, it has been suggested that stress produces toxic chemicals in the body that become concentrated in the lacrimal gland and are released through weeping, restoring homeostasis (Frey 1985).

Labott, S. M.
Elliott, R.
Eason, P. S.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

The present studies were designed in order to obtain a better understanding of the nomological network of the alexithymia concept. In study I, the links between alexithymia, coping, and self-rated health were explored. As predicted, strong negative correlations were found between alexithymia and the expression of emotions, daydreams and fantasies, and planful and rational actions. Contrary to expectations, no clear associations were found with self-reported health status. In study II, the focus was on links with personality, temperament, and self-reported (susceptibility to) homesickness.

Vingerhoets, A. J.
Van Heck, G. L.
Grim, R.
Bermond, B.
Publication Title: 
Recherche En Soins Infirmiers

Social support refers to the presence of individuals providing emotional or material resources. Its four components are: integration, structure, function, and quality. This article presents empirical and theoretical data, as well as criticism of studies which examine the relationship between social support, global health and cardiovascular health, also evaluating direct or moderating contributions to the adoption and maintenance of health behaviours in persons with cardiovascular disease. Concrete implications for nursing practice are reviewed.

Chouinard, Maud-Christine
Robichaud-Ekstrand, Sylvie
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

This study examined the association between organization of knowledge about a romantic partner (partner structure) and relationship status (ongoing or ended) 1 year later. Ironically, partner structures that were associated with more positive feelings about one's partner at Time 1 were associated with greater rates of breakup by Time 2. These results are interpreted in terms of the vulnerability of compartmentalized partner structures to shifts in the salience of negative beliefs and the hypothesized difficulty of maintaining integrative structures for an extended period of time.

Showers, Carolin J.
Zeigler-Hill, Virgil
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Resolution of a critical organizational problem requires the use of carefully selected techniques. This is the work of a management consultant: facilitating a business change process in an organizational setting. Here, an account is provided of a practitioner's reflections on one such case study that demonstrates a structure for a business change process. The reflective account highlights certain affective states and social behaviors that were extracted from participants during the business change process.

Yeats, Rowena M.
Yeats, Martyn F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Inspired by attachment theory, the authors tested a series of theoretically derived predictions about connections between attachment working models (attachment to one's parents assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview; M. Main & R. Goldwyn, 1994) and the effectiveness of specific types of caregiving spontaneously displayed by dating partners during a stressful conflict-resolution discussion. Each partner first completed the Adult Attachment Interview. One week later, each couple was videotaped while they tried to resolve a current problem in their relationship.

Simpson, Jeffry A.
Winterheld, Heike A.
Rholes, W. Steven
OriÒa, M. Minda
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

This study examines observations of participants (N=64) interacting with family members at age 13 and romantic partners at age 20-21. Scales capturing expressive processes and collaborative processes were used to test and find support for the differential prediction that family collaborative processes at age 13 would predict both expressive processes and collaborative processes with romantic partners at age 20-21, whereas expressive processes at age 13 would predict only concurrent collaborative processes.

Madsen, Stephanie D.
Andrew Collins, W.


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