Professional Competence

Publication Title: 
Critical Care Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Because the results of a meta-analysis are used to formulate the highest level recommendation in clinical practice guidelines, clinicians should be mindful of problems inherent in this technique. Rather than reviewing meta-analysis in abstract, general terms, we believe readers can gain a more concrete understanding of the problems through a detailed examination of one meta-analysis.

Author(s): 
Tobin, Martin J.
Jubran, Amal
Publication Title: 
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

Several authors have written of the need to embrace occupation and use it to energise our practice, research and education for the benefit of the profession, individual occupational therapists and ultimately, and most significantly, our clients. However, Wilcock (1999) best summarises the issues and the work that must be done, calling for the profession to adopt a consistent professional philosophy. This approach is entirely congruent with the paradigm approach proposed by Kielhofner (2009). Reinforcing the ideas of Doris Sym, Wilcock (p.

Author(s): 
Gustafsson, Louise
Molineux, Matthew
Bennett, Sally
Publication Title: 
Health Progress (Saint Louis, Mo.)

In 1993, Sisters of Mercy Health System-St. Louis (SMHS), having asked itself what kind of employees it would need in the twenty-first century, established a Worker of the Future Task Force to develop tentative answers. The task force began by making projections concerning healthcare, studying the strategic plans of SMHS's members, and surveying its employees. It learned that the system should help workers see how change could benefit them.

Author(s): 
Hill, K.
Meyer, B.
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

Disagreement over the legitimacy of direct sterilization continues within Catholic moral debate, with painful and at times confusing ramifications for Catholic healthcare systems. This paper argues that the medical profession should be construed as a key moral authority in this debate, on two grounds. First, the recent revival of neo-Aristotelianism in moral philosophy as applied to medical ethics has brought out the inherently moral dimensions of the history and current practice of medicine.

Author(s): 
Cowdin, Daniel M.
Tuohey, John F.
Publication Title: 
HEC forum: an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues

This article critically examines, from the perspective of a Roman Catholic Healthcare ethicist, the second edition of the Core Competencies for Healthcare Ethics Consultation report recently published by the American Society for Humanities and Bioethics. The question is posed: can the competencies identified in the report serve as the core competencies for Roman Catholic ethical consultants and consultation services? I answer in the negative.

Author(s): 
Bedford, Elliott Louis
Publication Title: 
Aging & Mental Health

OBJECTIVES: The number of people who will require institutional care for dementia is rapidly rising. This increase raises questions about how the workforce can meet the challenge of providing quality care. A promising psychological concept that could improve staff and care recipient outcomes is staff sense of competence in their capacity to provide dementia care. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relative importance of staff factors associated with sense of competence. METHOD: Sixty-one Australian dementia care staff (mostly nurses, 69%; and allied health, 21%) were recruited.

Author(s): 
Mullan, Margaret A.
Sullivan, Karen A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

My original paper suggested that an ethics of care which failed to specify how, and about what, to care would be devoid of normative and descriptive content. Bradshaw's approach provides such a specification and is, therefore, not devoid of such content. However, as all ethical approaches suggest something about the 'what' and 'how' of care, they are all 'ethics of care' in this broader sense. This reinforces rather than undermines my original conclusion.

Author(s): 
Allmark, Peter
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

This was the first research study in Canada to explore intimacy boundary violations and sexual misconduct between nurses (both RNs and registered psychiatric nurses) and patients. Using a researcher-generated survey, a total of 923 mental health nurses commented on their sexual attraction to patients, and dating and sexual intercourse patterns with patients. The findings indicated that very few nurses had dated or engaged in sexual intercourse with discharged patients, and the few nurses who had done so tended to be younger men prepared at the registered psychiatric nursing diploma level.

Author(s): 
Campbell, R. Joan
Yonge, Olive
Austin, Wendy
Publication Title: 
Nursing Forum

The purpose of this paper is to elucidate contributing factors to the disunity in nursing, and argue that if united nursing would be able to achieve harmony, respect, and, above all, recognition. Social and historical identities imperil nurses, make them defenseless, and cause disunity. The relation between nursing and effects of gender discourses in power struggles is also accentuated.

Author(s): 
Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Gloria
Dithole, Kefalotse
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

Since Valuing People (Department of Health, 2001), there has been a marked change in landscape for housing support and service provision for people with a learning disability. Care and supported living options are now provided by a myriad of providers across the healthcare, social-care and independent sectors.

Author(s): 
Parkes, Neville
Jukes, Mark

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