Professional Practice

Publication Title: 
Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Ärzte Des Öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany))

For the past several years, conventional health care systems--often called "conventional medicine"--have been criticized widely. Reasons mentioned are increasing costs and its ill equipment to handle multifaceted chronic illnesses. Such a decline of legitimacy is paralleled by an increase of alternative and complementary medicine. As the example of homeopathy shall demonstrate, successful strategies of professionalization in orthodox medicine can not simply be applied to its "holistic challengers".

Author(s): 
Degele, N.
Publication Title: 
Medicina

The objective of this paper is to describe the magnitude and characteristics of the use of complementary therapies in clinical practice. A consecutive sample of 540 outpatients who had sought medical care for the first time at the General Internal Medicine Program of a University Hospital were interviewed. A questionnaire was completed, collecting socio-demographic informations, data on physical and psychological health, perception of physician-patient relationship, self-medication, and beliefs associated with the disease and its treatment.

Author(s): 
Franco, Jorge A.
Pecci, Cristina
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: The apparent success of homeopathy is often attributed to a collaborative, holistic, and empathic consultation and to the practitioner-patient relationship. Despite the practitioner's consultative style being shown to affect patient's health outcomes in conventional medicine, most research into the homeopathic consultation has focused on patients' experiences. However, the practitioner is a crucial component of the therapeutic context and may therefore have an important part to play in optimizing health outcomes in homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Eyles, Caroline
Walker, Jan
Brien, Sarah
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The demand for complementary medicine (CM) is growing worldwide and so is the supply. So far, there is not much insight in the activities in Dutch CM practices nor in how these activities differ from mainstream general practice. Comparisons on diagnoses and visit length can offer an impression of how Dutch CM practices operate. METHODS: Three groups of regularly trained physicians specialized in CM participated in this study: 16 homeopathic physicians, 13 physician acupuncturists and 11 naturopathy physicians.

Author(s): 
Heiligers, Phil J. M.
de Groot, Judith
Koster, Dick
van Dulmen, Sandra
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Homeopathy is a major modality in complementary and alternative medicine. Significant tensions exist between homeopathic practice and education, evident in the diversity of practice styles and pedagogic models. Utilizing clinical reasoning knowledge in conventional medicine and allied health sciences, this article seeks to identify and critique existing research in this important area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search utilizing MEDLINE,(®) Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED), and CINAHL(®) (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) was conducted.

Author(s): 
Levy, David
Ajjawi, Rola
Roberts, Chris
Publication Title: 
Patient Education and Counseling

OBJECTIVE: A previous study which explored homeopathic practitioners' in depth understanding and experiences of homeopathic consultations identified "connecting" as a key component of the consultation. This paper reports on "connecting" and its role in the consultation. METHOD: Using a qualitative grounded theory approach data was collected from homeopaths using in-depth interviews, observations of homeopathic consultations and solicited practitioner reflective diaries.

Author(s): 
Eyles, Caroline
Leydon, Geraldine M.
Brien, Sarah B.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Three perspectives on the place of DCs in the United States health care delivery system were derived from the social science literature; system status, cultural congruence, and utilization patterns. North Carolina was used as a case study site to examine these perspectives from a geographical point of view. It was found that DCs were located in smaller places than MDs. DC/population ratios were associated with white populations and higher incomes, but were not associated with those aged 18-64, rural populations, and religious groups that used touch in healing.

Author(s): 
Gesler, W. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Two surveys of 121 preselected Victorian and South Australian chiropractors were conducted during the period of December 1986 to February 1987 in order to investigate whether practice location (metropolitan area and country town) and chiropractor/population ratio (number of chiropractors per 10,000 inhabitants) have any effect on patient numbers, practice procedures and practitioner attitudes. Practitioners' response rates to the first and second questionnaires were 82% and 61%, respectively.

Author(s): 
Leboeuf, C.
Morrow, J. D.
Payne, R. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The present study is an examination of the characteristics of female chiropractors in Canada. Of particular interest were their practice patterns, their productivity, their political involvement in the profession and the methods they used for coping with the multiple responsibilities of career and family life. The study was conducted by mailing a questionnaire to all Canadian female chiropractors. The results indicate that the vast majority of respondents are relatively new practitioners, having graduated since 1976.

Author(s): 
Mannington, J. V.
Moss, J. A.
Josefowitz, N.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

A survey was performed in Australia to study recently graduated chiropractors. Five general themes were investigated: a) personal and professional demographic profile, b) personal and professional attitudes, c) referral patterns, d) diagnostic procedures, and e) therapeutic procedures. Consideration is given to the possible development of the chiropractic profession in Australia.

Author(s): 
Leboeuf, C.
Webb, M. N.

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