Professional Practice

Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing popularity of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the professionals who provide them. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of the four largest groups of licensed CAM providers in the United States and to compare them with the characteristics of conventional physicians. METHODS: Random statewide samples of licensed acupuncturists, chiropractors, massage therapists, and naturopathic physicians living in Arizona, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Washington were interviewed by telephone.

Author(s): 
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Deyo, Richard A.
Sherman, Karen J.
Hart, L. Gary
Street, Janet H.
Hrbek, Andrea
Cramer, Elaine
Milliman, Bruce
Booker, Jennifer
Mootz, Robert
Barassi, James
Kahn, Janet R.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Eisenberg, David M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This paper provides descriptive data on chiropractors, their practice, and their patients in North America in the past decade. METHOD: Five sites in the United States and 1 in Canada were chosen, and a random sample of chiropractors was interviewed. In each practice, 10 patients were systematically selected on a single day. A total of 131 chiropractors and 1275 patients were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Coulter, Ian D.
Shekelle, Paul G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to implement and evaluate a course on "wellness concepts" for chiropractic students, emphasizing national goals and evidence-based practices for health promotion and prevention. METHODS: Teaching methods included traditional lecture discussions and experiential activities, including objectives described in Healthy People 2010. Evaluation included pre- and posttests of students' familiarity with and intention to use key concepts, resources, and practices; item analysis of multiple choice exams; and a qualitative survey.

Author(s): 
Hawk, Cheryl
Rupert, Ronald L.
Hyland, John K.
Odhwani, Anjum
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to (1) determine the clinical management approach of practicing chiropractors with regard to patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and (2) measure the response rate of a telephone survey. METHODS: A survey instrument was developed and pretested, and a case-specific clinical vignette was generated for a hypothetical typical 12-year-old girl with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Author(s): 
Feise, R. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Community Health

The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of nurses toward the effectiveness and safety, as well as their recommendations for and personal use of complementary and alternative medical therapies. A, random sample of 1000 nurses throughout the United States were surveyed using a three-wave mailing. About half of the respondents perceived there was conclusive evidence or preponderance of evidence that five therapies were effective: biofeedback, chiropractic, meditation/relaxation, multi-vitamins, and massage therapy.

Author(s): 
Brolinson, P. G.
Price, J. H.
Ditmyer, M.
Reis, D.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing popularity of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the professionals who provide them. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of the four largest groups of licensed CAM providers in the United States and to compare them with the characteristics of conventional physicians. METHODS: Random statewide samples of licensed acupuncturists, chiropractors, massage therapists, and naturopathic physicians living in Arizona, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Washington were interviewed by telephone.

Author(s): 
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Deyo, Richard A.
Sherman, Karen J.
Hart, L. Gary
Street, Janet H.
Hrbek, Andrea
Cramer, Elaine
Milliman, Bruce
Booker, Jennifer
Mootz, Robert
Barassi, James
Kahn, Janet R.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Eisenberg, David M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This paper provides descriptive data on chiropractors, their practice, and their patients in North America in the past decade. METHOD: Five sites in the United States and 1 in Canada were chosen, and a random sample of chiropractors was interviewed. In each practice, 10 patients were systematically selected on a single day. A total of 131 chiropractors and 1275 patients were interviewed.

Author(s): 
Coulter, Ian D.
Shekelle, Paul G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to implement and evaluate a course on "wellness concepts" for chiropractic students, emphasizing national goals and evidence-based practices for health promotion and prevention. METHODS: Teaching methods included traditional lecture discussions and experiential activities, including objectives described in Healthy People 2010. Evaluation included pre- and posttests of students' familiarity with and intention to use key concepts, resources, and practices; item analysis of multiple choice exams; and a qualitative survey.

Author(s): 
Hawk, Cheryl
Rupert, Ronald L.
Hyland, John K.
Odhwani, Anjum
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the perceptions of research, frequency of use of research findings in practice, and the level of research skills of chiropractors and massage therapists in Canada. Predictors of application of research findings in clinical practice were also explored. METHODS: A survey was mailed to members of the College of Chiropractors of Alberta (n = 833) and the Massage Therapist Association of Alberta (n = 650). Univariate and logistic regression analysis were conducted with SPSS and Stata. RESULTS: A total of 483 questionnaires were returned (response rate, 32.6%).

Author(s): 
Suter, Esther
Vanderheyden, Laura C.
Trojan, Lana S.
Verhoef, Marja J.
Armitage, Gail D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Chiropractic is one of the most frequently sought nonphysician provider groups. Despite its apparent recognition, the profession faces numerous challenges, including the economic reality of an increasing supply within a market of questionable demand. This paper evaluates the chiropractic manpower status in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Data collected from administrative and education databases, insurance billing data, and population health survey data between 1990 and 2004 were analyzed.

Author(s): 
Mior, Silvano A.
Laporte, Audrey

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