Prostatic Neoplasms

Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breast and prostate cancers are the most commonly diagnosed non-dermatologic malignancies in Canada. Agents including endocrine therapies (e.g., aromatase inhibitors, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogs, anti-androgens, tamoxifen) and chemotherapy have improved survival for both conditions. As endocrine manipulation is a mainstay of treatment, it is not surprising that hot flashes are a common and troublesome adverse effect. Hot flashes can cause chills, night sweats, anxiety, and insomnia, lessening patients' quality of life.

Author(s): 
Hutton, Brian
Yazdi, Fatemeh
Bordeleau, Louise
Morgan, Scott
Cameron, Chris
Kanji, Salmaan
Fergusson, Dean
Tricco, Andrea
Straus, Sharon
Skidmore, Becky
Hersi, Mona
Pratt, Misty
Mazzarello, Sasha
Brouwers, Melissa
Moher, David
Clemons, Mark
Publication Title: 
Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology

PURPOSE: Determining the appropriate rate of radiotherapy (RT) utilization is important for health care planning and resource allocation. The difference between the observed and the appropriate RT rate is influenced by the choice of a criterion based benchmarking (CBB) or evidence-based estimates (EBEST) measure.

Author(s): 
Shack, Lorraine
Lu, Shuang
Weeks, Lee-Anne
Craighead, Peter
Kerba, Marc
Publication Title: 
Seminars in Urologic Oncology

There are several other alternative medicines apart from vitamins and minerals that the clinician should be aware of because they have grown in popularity in other fields of medicine. In time, these therapies should impact the arena of urologic oncology. Traditional Chinese Medicine, which includes acupuncture, is an area that has received some attention. The theory behind it can be quite daunting because it is so different from the theory behind Western Medical Science.

Author(s): 
Moyad, M. A.
Hathaway, S.
Ni, H. S.
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

GOALS OF WORK: The goal of the study was to assess the effects of acupuncture as a treatment for hot flushes in prostate cancer (PC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature was searched using 14 databases with dates ranging from their inceptions to December 2008 and without language restrictions. All clinical studies of any type of acupuncture in PC patients were included. Their main outcome measures had to be vasomotor symptoms. Their methodological quality was assessed using the modified Jadad score. RESULTS: Six studies met all the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Lee, Myeong Soo
Kim, Kun-Hyung
Shin, Byung-Cheul
Choi, Sun-Mi
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe hot flushes in men with prostate cancer, and their treatment methods. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted of the literature indexed between 1966 and 2009 on the MEDLINE, the ISI Web of Knowledge, Cinahl and PsycINFO. Of 252 articles identified, 32 were selected for consideration of their complete texts, of which five were subject to detailed analysis.

Author(s): 
Frisk, Jessica
Publication Title: 
Maturitas

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe hot flushes in men with prostate cancer, and their treatment methods. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted of the literature indexed between 1966 and 2009 on the MEDLINE, the ISI Web of Knowledge, Cinahl and PsycINFO. Of 252 articles identified, 32 were selected for consideration of their complete texts, of which five were subject to detailed analysis.

Author(s): 
Frisk, Jessica
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

PURPOSE: Acupuncture has been suggested as therapy for hot flashes in women with breast cancer and men with prostate cancer. In this systematic review, we sought to evaluate the long-term effects on vasomotor symptoms after the end of a defined treatment period of acupuncture in women with breast cancer and men with prostate cancer. METHODS: A literature search revealed 222 articles within the field. With defined exclusion criteria, we identified 17 studies. We also used the Jadad quality score and identified seven studies with a score of at least 3.

Author(s): 
Frisk, Jessica W.
Hammar, Mats L.
Ingvar, Martin
Spetz Holm, Anna-Clara E.
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breast and prostate cancers are the most commonly diagnosed non-dermatologic malignancies in Canada. Agents including endocrine therapies (e.g., aromatase inhibitors, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogs, anti-androgens, tamoxifen) and chemotherapy have improved survival for both conditions. As endocrine manipulation is a mainstay of treatment, it is not surprising that hot flashes are a common and troublesome adverse effect. Hot flashes can cause chills, night sweats, anxiety, and insomnia, lessening patients' quality of life.

Author(s): 
Hutton, Brian
Yazdi, Fatemeh
Bordeleau, Louise
Morgan, Scott
Cameron, Chris
Kanji, Salmaan
Fergusson, Dean
Tricco, Andrea
Straus, Sharon
Skidmore, Becky
Hersi, Mona
Pratt, Misty
Mazzarello, Sasha
Brouwers, Melissa
Moher, David
Clemons, Mark
Publication Title: 
Cancer Medicine

Men with prostate cancer are likely to have a long illness and experience psychological distress for which supportive care may be helpful. This systematic review describes the evidence for effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of supportive care for men with prostate cancer, taking into account treatment pathway and components of interventions. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and Psychinfo were searched from inception--July 2013 for randomized controlled trials and controlled trials. Two authors independently assessed risk of bias and extracted data.

Author(s): 
Moore, Theresa Helen Mazzarello
King, Anna Jyoti Louise
Evans, Maggie
Sharp, Debbie
Persad, Raj
Huntley, Alyson Louise
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression affect many people. Treatments do not have complete success and often require people to take drugs for long periods of time. Many people look for other treatments that may help. One of those is Reiki, a 2500 year old treatment described as a vibrational or subtle energy therapy, and is most commonly facilitated by light touch on or above the body. There have been reports of Reiki alleviating anxiety and depression, but no specific systematic review.

Author(s): 
Joyce, Janine
Herbison, G. Peter

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