Protective Devices

Publication Title: 
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

Healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) is a major patient safety concern and is associated with morbidity, mortality and increased healthcare costs. Prevention and control requires a multi-modal approach, but the individual's accountability and rigorous application of standard infection prevention and control behaviours is at its core. The third instalment of the epic3 guidance ( Loveday et al, 2014a ) provided the evidence and advanced the importance of hand-hygiene behaviour, the use of non-sterile gloves and environmental cleanliness.

Author(s): 
Cole, Mark
Publication Title: 
Health Economics

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the binary with follow-up (BWFU) or open-ended (OPED) contingent valuation question format would yield better valid estimates of altruistic willingness to pay (WTP) and examine the feasibility of using intra-community altruistic contributions to procure insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) for the poor in Nigeria. METHODS: Structured questionnaires were used to elicit stated altruistic WTP from a random sub-sample of respondents that had either the OPED or BWFU used to elicit WTP in Southeast Nigeria.

Author(s): 
Onwujekwe, Obinna
Uzochukwu, Benjamin
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of malaria-endemic African countries are rapidly scaling up malaria prevention and treatment. To have an initial estimate of the impact of these efforts, time trends in health facility records were evaluated in selected districts in Ethiopia and Rwanda, where long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) had been distributed nationwide by 2007. METHODS: In Ethiopia, a stratified convenience sample covered four major regions where (moderately) endemic malaria occurs.

Author(s): 
Otten, Mac
Aregawi, Maru
Were, Wilson
Karema, Corine
Medin, Ambachew
Bekele, Worku
Jima, Daddi
Gausi, Khoti
Komatsu, Ryuichi
Korenromp, Eline
Low-Beer, Daniel
Grabowsky, Mark
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: In the past decade there has been increasing visibility of malaria control efforts at the national and international levels. The factors that have enhanced this scenario are the availability of proven interventions such as artemisinin-based combination therapy, the wide scale use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and a renewed emphasis in indoor residual house-spraying.

Author(s): 
Njau, Ritha J. A.
de Savigny, Don
Gilson, Lucy
Mwageni, Eleuther
Mosha, Franklin W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness (at the 0.1 level of statistical significance) of the Align-Right (roll-shaped) cervical pillow (ARCP) on neck pain severity and headache/neck pain medication use in chronic neck pain subjects. DESIGN: The design was a "before/after" (i.e., a "pre/post" trial). SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight subjects, 25-45 yr of age with cervical spine pain of biomechanical origin of > 2 on an 11-point ordinal pain scale. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was severity of morning and evening neck pain.

Author(s): 
Hagino, C.
Boscariol, J.
Dover, L.
Letendre, R.
Wicks, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of conservative medical care with chiropractic care in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized, single-blind trial with 9 wk of treatment and a 1-month follow-up interview. SETTING: Wolfe-Harris Center for Clinical Studies at Northwestern College of Chiropractic in Bloomington, Minnesota. PATIENTS: Ninety-one of 96 eligible subjects who reported symptoms that were confirmed by clinical exam and nerve conduction studies.

Author(s): 
Davis, P. T.
Hulbert, J. R.
Kassak, K. M.
Meyer, J. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of a back belt on reach actions. SUBJECTS: Sixteen undergraduate college students (8 male students, 8 female students) ranging in age from 18 to 22 years. Thirteen subjects were included in the final analysis. SETTING: The Department of Psychology at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio METHODS: Using a well-established set of procedures developed in our laboratory for studying reaching, seated adult participants reached for and retrieved an object placed at various distances from them.

Author(s): 
Smith, Dean L.
Dainoff, Marvin J.
Mark, Leonard S.
Oates, Shawn P.
Davis, Niles C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of a back belt on reach actions. SUBJECTS: Sixteen undergraduate college students (8 male students, 8 female students) ranging in age from 18 to 22 years. Thirteen subjects were included in the final analysis. SETTING: The Department of Psychology at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio METHODS: Using a well-established set of procedures developed in our laboratory for studying reaching, seated adult participants reached for and retrieved an object placed at various distances from them.

Author(s): 
Smith, Dean L.
Dainoff, Marvin J.
Mark, Leonard S.
Oates, Shawn P.
Davis, Niles C.
Publication Title: 
Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
Author(s): 
Nikolaus, T.
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