Protein Carbonylation

Publication Title: 
Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.)

Aging degrades motivation, cognition, sensory modalities and physical capacities, essentially dimming zestful living. Bradykinesis (declining physical movement) is a highly reliable biomarker of aging and mortality risk. Mice fed a complex dietary supplement (DSP) designed to ameliorate five mechanisms associated with aging showed no loss of total daily locomotion compared with >50% decrement in old untreated mice.

Author(s): 
Aksenov, Vadim
Long, Jiangang
Lokuge, Sonali
Foster, Jane A.
Liu, Jiankang
Rollo, C. David
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

Decreasing oxidative stress and increasing antioxidant defense has been hypothesized as one mechanism by which caloric restriction (CR) increases longevity in animals. A total of 46 moderately overweight volunteers (BMI: 25-30 kg/m2), ages 20-42 yr were randomized to either high glycemic (HG) or low glycemic (LG) dietary load CR regimen at either 10% (n=12) or 30% (n=34) of basal caloric intake. All food was provided to participants for 6 mo.

Author(s): 
Meydani, M.
Das, S.
Band, M.
Epstein, S.
Roberts, S.
Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are probiotic bacteria that modify host defense systems and have the ability to extend the lifespan of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we attempted to elucidate the mechanism by which bifidobacteria prolong the lifespan of C. elegans. When the nematode was fed Bifidobacterium infantis (BI) mixed at various ratios with the standard food bacterium Escherichia coli strain OP50 (OP), the mean lifespan of worms was extended in a dose-dependent manner. Worms fed BI displayed higher locomotion and produced more offspring than control worms.

Author(s): 
Komura, Tomomi
Ikeda, Takanori
Yasui, Chikako
Saeki, Shigeru
Nishikawa, Yoshikazu
Publication Title: 
Neurotoxicology

Bacopa monniera is a nerve tonic used extensively in traditional Indian medicinal system "Ayurveda". Reports regarding its various antioxidative, adaptogenic and memory enhancing roles have already appeared in the last few decades. In the present study, aluminium chloride (AlCl(3)) was used to generate neurotoxicity. We have investigated the neuroprotective effect of Bacopa extract against aluminium-induced changes in peroxidative products, such as thio-barbituric acid-reactive substance (TBA-RS) and protein carbonyl contents and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity.

Author(s): 
Jyoti, Amar
Sharma, Deepak
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Bacopa monniera is a perennial herb, and is used as a nerve tonic in äyurveda, a traditional medicinal system in India. Aluminium-induced neurotoxicity is well known and different salts of aluminium have been reported to accelerate oxidative damage to biomolecules like lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether Bacopa monniera could potentially inhibit aluminium toxicity in the cerebral cortex. Male Wister rats (8 months old) were administered with AlCl(3) orally at a dose of 50mg/kg/day in drinking water for 1 month.

Author(s): 
Jyoti, Amar
Sethi, Pallavi
Sharma, Deepak
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

Centella asiatica (CA) is a common medicinal plant used in the ayurvedic system of medicine to treat various ailments and as a memory enhancer. Despite its extensive usage in children, data on its ability to modulate neuronal oxidative stress in prepubertal rodents are limited.

Author(s): 
Shinomol, George K.
Muralidhara, null
Publication Title: 
Neurotoxicology

Despite the increasing popularity of Centella asiatica (a well known plant in ayurvedic medicine) globally, evidence demonstrating its protective efficacy against neurotoxicants in animal models is limited. 3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NPA), a fungal toxin is a well known neurotoxicant which induces selective striatal pathology similar to that seen in Huntington's disease. The present study aimed to understand the neuroprotective efficacy of a standardized aqueous extract of C.

Author(s): 
Shinomol, George K.
Muralidhara, null
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medicinal Food

The protective effect of Emblica officinalis, a commonly used botanical in many Ayurvedic preparations, was investigated for its effects on liver mitochondria of ethanol-administered rats. Oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species-mediated toxicity are considered two of the key underlying mechanisms responsible for alcohol-induced liver injury and mitochondrial dysfunction. Alcohol-administered rats showed a significant elevation of plasma transaminases (aspartate and alanine aminotransferases), alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyl transferase compared to control rats.

Author(s): 
Reddy, V. Damodara
Padmavathi, P.
Varadacharyulu, N. Ch
Publication Title: 
Neurotoxicology

Bacopa monnieri, Linn. (Brahmi, BM), traditionally used to improve mental health in Indian ayurvedic system of medicine is known to possess various neuropharmacolgical properties. In the recent past, Drosophila has been widely used as a model to study various neurodegenerative diseases. Environmental toxins like rotenone, a specific inhibitor of complex I is employed to increase oxidative stress mediated neuropathology and sporadic Parkinson's disease. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective properties of BM against rotenone induced oxidative damage and neurotoxicity.

Author(s): 
Hosamani, Ravikumar
Muralidhara, null
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

Bacopa monnieri (BM) an herb, found throughout the Indian subcontinent in wet, damp and marshy areas is used in Ayurvedic system of medicine for improving intellect/memory, treatment of anxiety and neuropharmacological disorders. Although extensively given to children as a memory enhancer, no data exists on its ability to modulate neuronal oxidative stress in prepubertal animal models.

Author(s): 
Shinomol, George K.
Muralidhara, null

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