Protoporphyrins

Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity has been detected in rodent (Plasmodium berghei, P. yoelii), simian (P. knowlesi) and human (P. falciparum) malarial parasites, and in different intraerythrocytic stages of P. knowlesi (schizont > ring > trophozoite). In chloroquine-resistant strains of rodent and human malarial parasites GST activity significantly increases compared to sensitive strains. Further, the increase in enzyme activity is directly related to drug pressure of resistant P. berghei. Complete inhibition of chloroquine-sensitive and resistant P.

Author(s): 
Srivastava, P.
Puri, S. K.
Kamboj, K. K.
Pandey, V. C.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Heme (Fe2+ protoporphyrin IX) is an essential molecule that has been implicated the potent antimalarial action of artemisinin and its derivatives, although the source and nature of the heme remain controversial. Artemisinins also exhibit selective cytotoxicity against cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate that intracellular heme is the physiologically relevant mediator of the cytotoxic effects of artemisinins.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Shiming
Gerhard, Glenn S.
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: Millions worldwide use Ayurvedic (traditional Indian) medicines. These medications are increasingly associated with lead poisoning, often accompanied by anemia. We compared the relative hematopoietic toxicity of Ayurvedic lead poisoning with a common form of occupational lead poisoning. MATERIAL/METHODS: We retrospectively studied 66 adult lead intoxications: 43 published Ayurvedic cases identified in published reports by searching MEDLINE (1966 to November 2005); 4 Ayurvedic patients seen at a referral center; and 19 lead paint intoxications from the same center.

Author(s): 
Kales, Stefanos N.
Christophi, Costas A.
Saper, Robert B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to confirm the connection between lead poisoning and the use of traditional Ayurvedic metal mineral tonics. METHODS: The study group comprised 29 subjects (26 adults and three children) who had previously taken Ayurvedic metal mineral tonics. All subjects were tested for lead absorption by blood lead, erythrocyte delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase activity and erythrocyte protoporphyrin. RESULTS: Eighteen samples of Ayurvedic preparations were obtained from 15 subjects and analyzed for lead content.

Author(s): 
Prpić-Majić, D.
Pizent, A.
Jurasović, J.
Pongracić, J.
Restek-Samarzija, N.
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: Millions worldwide use Ayurvedic (traditional Indian) medicines. These medications are increasingly associated with lead poisoning, often accompanied by anemia. We compared the relative hematopoietic toxicity of Ayurvedic lead poisoning with a common form of occupational lead poisoning. MATERIAL/METHODS: We retrospectively studied 66 adult lead intoxications: 43 published Ayurvedic cases identified in published reports by searching MEDLINE (1966 to November 2005); 4 Ayurvedic patients seen at a referral center; and 19 lead paint intoxications from the same center.

Author(s): 
Kales, Stefanos N.
Christophi, Costas A.
Saper, Robert B.
Publication Title: 
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research

BACKGROUND: Millions worldwide use Ayurvedic (traditional Indian) medicines. These medications are increasingly associated with lead poisoning, often accompanied by anemia. We compared the relative hematopoietic toxicity of Ayurvedic lead poisoning with a common form of occupational lead poisoning. MATERIAL/METHODS: We retrospectively studied 66 adult lead intoxications: 43 published Ayurvedic cases identified in published reports by searching MEDLINE (1966 to November 2005); 4 Ayurvedic patients seen at a referral center; and 19 lead paint intoxications from the same center.

Author(s): 
Kales, Stefanos N.
Christophi, Costas A.
Saper, Robert B.
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