Psychological Theory

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Recent changes in health care have been characterized by an increased demand for empirically supported treatments in medicine. Presently, there is moderate support for the integration of hypnotic techniques in the treatment of a number of medical problems.

Author(s): 
Pinnell, C. M.
Covino, N. A.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

The inadequate nature of research into group psychotherapy stems from the lack of a satisfactory general theory that accounts for the group as a social system as well as for the functioning of the individual. A critique is presented of the group-as-whole tradition and a brief introduction given to social system concepts, particularly as they relate to group developmental stages. The idea that groups progress through a series of stages implies the notion of the group as a single entity with its own organizational structure.

Author(s): 
MacKenzie, K. R.
Livesley, W. J.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Disorders in verbal and emotional communication and imitation, social reciprocity and higher order cognition observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are presented here as phenotypic expressions of temporo-spatial processing disorders (TSPDs). TSPDs include various degrees of disability in (i) processing multi-sensory dynamic stimuli online, (ii) associating them into meaningful and coherent patterns and (iii) producing real-time sensory-motor adjustments and motor outputs.

Author(s): 
Gepner, Bruno
FÈron, FranÁois
Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines

This paper reviews publications on developmental trajectories of disruptive behaviour (DB) problems (aggression, opposition-defiance, rule breaking, and stealing-vandalism) over the past decade. Prior to these studies two theoretical models had strongly influenced research on DB: social learning and disease onset. According to these developmental perspectives, children learn DB from their environment and onset of the disease is triggered by accumulated exposition to disruptive models in the environment, including the media.

Author(s): 
Tremblay, Richard E.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Services

Positive psychologists have contributed to our understandings of how positive emotions and flexible cognition enhance resiliency. However, positive psychologists' research has been slow to address the relational resources and interactions that help nonheterosexual families overcome adversity. Addressing overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ) and systemic factors in positive psychology, this article draws on family resilience literature and LGBTQ literature to theorize a systemic positive psychology framework for working with nonheterosexual families.

Author(s): 
DomÌnguez, Daniela G.
Bobele, Monte
Coppock, Jacqueline
PeÒa, Ezequiel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated into terms appropriate to adult romantic love.

Author(s): 
Hazan, C.
Shaver, P.
Publication Title: 
The Nurse Practitioner

Since the sexual revolution of the 1960s there has been an openness regarding sexual exploration that has resulted in an increase of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancies. Clinicians can mitigate the unhealthy results of such exploration through a therapeutic relationship with their patients. This article provides practical ways to approach and educate the pediatric patient and parent regarding normal sexual growth and development and the promotion of healthy, responsible sexual behavior.

Author(s): 
Smith, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

This paper aims to stimulate awareness of the relationship between adult heterosexual love and sexual health. Although rarely discussed in professional circles, adult love is a powerful ideal that strongly influences both individual and relationship psychology. A gap between one's personal ideal of love and the actual experience of it inevitably appears within a long-term relationship. The feelings and behavior that stems from the gap become a crucial management issue for each individual in a relationship.

Author(s): 
Levine, S. B.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

The previous tests of the Triangular Theory of Love have proven problematic, specifically centered on measurement of the three components of Intimacy, Passion, and Commitment. Factor analysis of a new set of measures for 123 women and 110 men indicated support for three distinct factors. Sex differences indicated that women scored significantly higher on Intimacy and Commitment than men. Components were also significantly related to a measure of Relational Satisfaction. Regression analysis indicated that each component predicted significant variance for scores on Satisfaction.

Author(s): 
Lemieux, R.
Hale, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Crisis

This study examines the relationships between the bonding style of an incarcerated adolescent with parents and his/her current feelings of self-esteem, hopelessness, and suicidal thoughts and attempts. It also investigates differences between bonding to mother and bonding to father. Some 296 incarcerated adolescents were interviewed using the Parental Bonding Instrument. Significant relationships were found between youths' self-esteem, hoplessness, and suicidal behavior and their bonding style.

Author(s): 
McGarvey, E. L.
Kryzhanovskaya, L. A.
Koopman, C.
Waite, D.
Canterbury, R. J.

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