This mini-review refers to recent findings on psychobiological long-term consequences of childhood trauma and adverse living conditions. The continuum of trauma-provoked aftermath reaches from healthy adaptation with high resilience, to severe maladjustment with co-occurring psychiatric and physical pathologies in children, adolescents and adults. There is increasing evidence of a strong interconnectivity between genetic dispositions, epigenetic processes, stress-related hormonal systems and immune parameters in all forms of (mal)-adjustment to adverse living conditions.
In the first year certain forms of "early beginnings of the kiss" can be recognized. Quite early on in this period various buccal activities are observed in response to kisses given to him. As for those kisses given by the baby, or so perceived by the adult, an important stage begins with progressive differentiations. One of these phases corresponds, when the pleasure of feeling and using the gums and teeth is felt, to an ambivalence of these preliminary shapes of kisses such as the "bite-kiss".
Since the sexual revolution of the 1960s there has been an openness regarding sexual exploration that has resulted in an increase of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancies. Clinicians can mitigate the unhealthy results of such exploration through a therapeutic relationship with their patients. This article provides practical ways to approach and educate the pediatric patient and parent regarding normal sexual growth and development and the promotion of healthy, responsible sexual behavior.
This study surveyed 188 middle school children in order to ascertain their perceptions of their parents' actions toward one another. In addition, they evaluated themselves and their parents. These data were subsequently correlated with each other. It was found that ratings of fathers generally varied with how loving they were toward their wives and how loving their mothers were toward their husbands. Ratings of mothers only varied with how loving they were toward their husbands, and not vice versa, but only for their daughters--not for their sons.
Seventeen Hispanic elementary schoolboys with violent behavior problems were compared with 27 matched control students who were not overtly violent at school. Violent boys were significantly more likely to not live with their fathers, to have unmarried parents, to have more siblings, and to have fathers who never show them affection. Parents of violent boys were more likely than those of matched control students to use spanking for discipline and to admit that they rarely express affection for their sons.
The author presents findings from a study in which adults fostered as children identified current family members. Those who included biological parents among their family members reported conflicted relationships, but also spoke of love. In contrast, those who omitted their biological parents seemed angrier, were more likely to have been abused, and were visited less by their biological parents. Those who included their foster parents described feeling loved, said they were not discriminated against, and received ongoing support after leaving care.
Because of advances in medical technology, many critically burned children now survive horrendous injures that they would not have survived less than 10 years ago. Pediatric burn intensive care unit (BICU) nurses provide around the clock care, giving them greater contact with the children than any other health care professional. Often the children are alone in the hospital because their parents or care providers were injured or killed in the accident, live in another country, or are at home caring for other family members.
The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing: A Quarterly Publication of the Royal Australian Nursing Federation
OBJECTIVE: Father absence is associated with negative child and adolescent outcomes, including early sexual activity, teenage pregnancy, behavioural difficulties and life adversity. However there is a lack of literature that explores the lived experiences of daughters who grew up in father absent environments. This study aimed to generate insights into the lived experience of being a girl-child growing up in a father absent environment through the perspectives of daughters who experienced father absence during their childhood and/or adolescent years.
Fifty-four thousand children die each year despite the advances in care for children with acute and chronic illnesses. Demands for improved palliative and end-of-life care for children exist. Good death is a concept frequently used in the adult hospice movement. However, how can the death of a child be good? Analysis of good death can assist pediatric nurses to understand the concept and provide a framework for nurses in the clinical and research arenas to work together to develop and provide evidence-based, developmentally appropriate care for dying children and their families.
This article examines the extent to which secure base script knowledge-as reflected in an adult's ability to generate narratives in which attachment-related threats are recognized, competent help is provided, and the problem is resolved-is associated with adults' autonomic and subjective emotional responses to infant distress and nondistress vocalizations. Adults who demonstrated low levels of secure base knowledge showed greater electrodermal reactivity and stronger declines in their feelings of love while they listened to a recording of an infant crying.