Psychology

Publication Title: 
Advances in Mind-Body Medicine

John Astin, PhD, is a health psychologist at the California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute in San Francisco. He studies psychological, attitudinal, and sociocultural barriers to the integration of mind-body factors in medicine and is especially interested in the role of contemplative practices, particularly meditation, in improving mental and physical health.

Author(s): 
Astin, John
Publication Title: 
Transcultural Psychiatry

Buddhist psychology is increasingly informing psychotherapeutic practice in the western world.

Author(s): 
Kelly, Brendan D.
Publication Title: 
California Medicine

"Chronic prostatitis" unaccompanied by signs of active inflammatory disease is a psychosexual disturbance, not a bacteriological disease. Prostate massage, local therapy, and antibiotic therapy are usually of no therapeutic value; a careful history and evalution of the background and good social and psychiatric counseling are the only effective and rational means by which this so called "prostatitis" is controllable.

Author(s): 
Rosenbloom, D.
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: To determine potential social, psychological, and environmental-structural factors that may result in motivating female sex workers (FSWs), who are rural-to-urban migrants, and their paying partners in Shanghai, China to promote consistent condom use (CCU). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five districts of Shanghai, including three suburbs and two downtown locales. We adopted a cluster randomized sampling method to obtain 20 geographic sites, which consisted of 1 or more communities/villages proximal to a location where FSWs were accessible.

Author(s): 
Ye, Xiuxia
Shang, Meili
Shen, Tian
Pei, Bei
Jiang, Xueqin
Cai, Yong
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Since the nineteenth century the theory of conventional medicine has been developed in close alignment with the mechanistic paradigm of natural sciences. Only in the twentieth century occasional attempts were made to (re)introduce the 'subject' into medical theory, as by Thure von Uexküll (1908-2004) who elaborated the so-called biopsychosocial model of the human being, trying to understand the patient as a unit of organic, mental, and social dimensions of life.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Josef M.
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND: By using a unique, prospective study of occupational back pain claims, we examined health-care satisfaction by provider type and its effect on return to work. PURPOSE: We estimated satisfaction differentials by provider type, decomposing overall satisfaction into two components: bedside manner and effectiveness of care. We also examined how health-care satisfaction affects the duration of jobless claims.

Author(s): 
Butler, Richard J.
Johnson, William G.
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is a major cause of pain and functional impairment among elders. Currently, there are neither feasible preventive intervention strategies nor effective medical remedies for the management of KOA. Tai Chi, an ancient Chinese mind-body exercise that is reported to enhance muscle function, balance and flexibility, and to reduce pain, depression and anxiety, may safely and effectively be used to treat KOA. However, current evidence is inconclusive.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chenchen
Schmid, Christopher H.
Hibberd, Patricia L.
Kalish, Robert
Roubenoff, Ronenn
Rones, Ramel
Okparavero, Aghogho
McAlindon, Timothy
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is a major cause of pain and functional impairment among elders. Currently, there are neither feasible preventive intervention strategies nor effective medical remedies for the management of KOA. Tai Chi, an ancient Chinese mind-body exercise that is reported to enhance muscle function, balance and flexibility, and to reduce pain, depression and anxiety, may safely and effectively be used to treat KOA. However, current evidence is inconclusive.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chenchen
Schmid, Christopher H.
Hibberd, Patricia L.
Kalish, Robert
Roubenoff, Ronenn
Rones, Ramel
Okparavero, Aghogho
McAlindon, Timothy

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