Psychometrics

Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Although epidemiological studies have reported protective effects of religion and spirituality on mental health, it is unknown whether spirituality can be used as an intervention to improve psychological well-being. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a home study-based spirituality program on mood disturbance in emotionally distressed patients.

Author(s): 
Moritz, Sabine
Quan, Hude
Rickhi, Badri
Liu, Mingfu
Angen, Maureen
Vintila, Renata
Sawa, Russell
Soriano, Jeanette
Toews, John
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Systematic reviews of psychosocial assessment and effectiveness of psychotherapy for chronic pain syndromes in older patients are rare. However, it is of particular importance to consider the psychosocial aspects of elderly people with chronic pain. This narrative review describes recommended German-language assessments of the psychosocial dimensions of pain and summarizes existing studies of psychological therapy approaches for chronic pain in old age.

Author(s): 
Mattenklodt, P.
Leonhardt, C.
Publication Title: 
Body Image

Empirical and clinical interest in positive body image has burgeoned in recent years. This focused attention is generating various measures and methods for researchers and psychotherapists to assess an array of positive body image constructs in populations of interest. No resource to date has integrated the available measures and methods for easy accessibility and comparison.

Author(s): 
Webb, Jennifer B.
Wood-Barcalow, Nichole L.
Tylka, Tracy L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression, anxiety and psychological distress across populations with different chronic somatic diseases. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to examine the effects of MBSR on depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. The influence of quality of studies on the effects of MBSR was analyzed. RESULTS: Eight published, randomized controlled outcome studies were included.

Author(s): 
Bohlmeijer, Ernst
Prenger, Rilana
Taal, Erik
Cuijpers, Pim
Publication Title: 
Quality of Life Research: An International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: Mindfulness has emerged as an important health concept based on evidence that mindfulness interventions reduce symptoms and improve health-related quality of life. The objectives of this study were to systematically assess and compare the properties of instruments to measure self-reported mindfulness. METHODS: Ovid Medline(®), CINAHL(®), and PsycINFO(®) were searched through May 2012, and articles were selected if their primary purpose was development or evaluation of the measurement properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness) of a self-report mindfulness scale.

Author(s): 
Park, Taehwan
Reilly-Spong, Maryanne
Gross, Cynthia R.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

One fundamental question that is still not resolved is whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points to have their greatest effects. In the majority of large RCTs recently conducted in Germany, acupuncture was significantly more effective than doing nothing but not than sham acupuncture. Only for one study of chronic knee pain was acupuncture superior to sham. Brain imaging with functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) may be helpful but is still in its early stages.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

One fundamental question that is still not resolved is whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points to have their greatest effects. In the majority of large RCTs recently conducted in Germany, acupuncture was significantly more effective than doing nothing but not than sham acupuncture. Only for one study of chronic knee pain was acupuncture superior to sham. Brain imaging with functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) may be helpful but is still in its early stages.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

One fundamental question that is still not resolved is whether acupuncture needles must be inserted in specific points to have their greatest effects. In the majority of large RCTs recently conducted in Germany, acupuncture was significantly more effective than doing nothing but not than sham acupuncture. Only for one study of chronic knee pain was acupuncture superior to sham. Brain imaging with functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) may be helpful but is still in its early stages.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review that aimed to document and describe how (1) expectation of benefit from treatment (response expectancies) were measured and reported in acupuncture trials, and (2) examine any effect on outcomes. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CIHAHL, CENTRAL and Science and Technology Proceedings up to November 2007 for randomised (RCT) and quasi-randomised (CCT) controlled trials and prospective controlled cohorts of acupuncture as treatment for a medical or psychological condition in adults. An update citation search was conducted in April 2010.

Author(s): 
Prady, Stephanie L.
Burch, Jane
Vanderbloemen, Laura
Crouch, Simon
MacPherson, Hugh
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The a-theoretical approach to psychiatric disorders, introduced via dsm iii, has had a tremendous impact. It has stimulated a large body of research, facilitated by the concurrent development of new techniques in genetics, neuro-imaging and neuropsychology. However, the research results of the last twenty years or so have cast doubt on the validity of the clinical categories set out in dsm iii. AIM: To develop a new view on developmental pathways in psychopathology, clinical assessment and scientifically acceptable classification.

Author(s): 
van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P. J. M.
van Deurzen, P.
Oosterling, I.
Groen, W.
Langen, M.
Lagro-Janssen, A. L.
van der Gaag, R. J.

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