Psychotherapy

Publication Title: 
Odonto-Stomatologie Tropicale = Tropical Dental Journal

The patient facing the dentist knows fear, anxiety. The symbolism of the mouth and teeth from childhood is an entirely specific nature of the human body. The terrifying image of dental treatment and dentist that has long been stigmatized through painting, literature, theater and cinema can change today.

Author(s): 
Bohl, J. B.
Bracconi, M.
Herve, C.
Pirnay, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a motivational interpretation of placebo responding using two different types of placebo therapy, one using flower essences and the other a nonspecific psychological therapy. The motivational concordance interpretation is that therapeutic rituals that are consistent with self-defining or self-actualizing goals have a nonspecific therapeutic benefit independently of expectancy.

Author(s): 
Hyland, Michael E.
Whalley, Ben
Geraghty, Adam W. A.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatics

BACKGROUND: Intervention research at the intersection of psychiatry and cardiology has primarily focused on the relationship between negative psychological syndromes (e.g., depression) and cardiac outcomes, with less emphasis on positive psychological attributes, such as optimism, gratitude, and well-being, as they relate to cardiac disease.

Author(s): 
Dubois, Christina M.
Beach, Scott R.
Kashdan, Todd B.
Nyer, Maren B.
Park, Elyse R.
Celano, Christopher M.
Huffman, Jeff C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

Gratitude practice can be a catalyzing and relational healing force, often untapped in clinical practice. In this article, we provide an overview of current thinking about gratitude's defining and beneficial properties, followed by a brief review of the research on mental health outcomes that result from gratitude practice. Following an analysis of our case study of the use of gratitude as a psychotherapeutic intervention, we present various self-strategies and techniques for consciously choosing and cultivating gratitude.

Author(s): 
Emmons, Robert A.
Stern, Robin
Publication Title: 
Aging & Mental Health

OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study has been to increase the quality of life in people of over 60 years through a positive psychology intervention. METHOD: We employed a program which consists of training based on autobiographical memory, forgiveness and gratitude. The sample consisted of 46 participants aged 60-93 years. State and trait anxiety, depression, general memory, specific memories, life satisfaction and subjective happiness were measured.

Author(s): 
RamÌrez, EncarnaciÛn
Ortega, Ana Raquel
Chamorro, Alberto
Colmenero, JosÈ MarÌa
Publication Title: 
Aging & Mental Health

OBJECTIVES: Various positive psychology interventions have been experimentally tested, but only few studies addressed the effects of such activities in participants aged 50 and above. METHOD: We tested the impact of four self-administered positive psychology interventions in an online setting (i.e., gratitude visit, three good things, three funny things, and using signature strengths in a new way) on happiness and depressive symptoms in comparison with a placebo control exercise (i.e., early memories).

Author(s): 
Proyer, RenÈ T.
Gander, Fabian
Wellenzohn, Sara
Ruch, Willibald
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

Providing psychotherapy changes the therapist in a variety of ways. This article discusses one doctoral student's perceptions of these changes, such as increasing her patience, gratitude, and reliance on faith; stretching her ability to tolerate ambiguity; and influencing her interpersonal relationships.

Author(s): 
Butler, Meghan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

OBJECTIVE: Service user satisfaction with therapy is a key part of the therapeutic process. The aim of this study was to investigate service user experiences of an 11-week group positive psychology intervention for psychosis (WELLFOCUS PPT) in the context of a randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN04199273). METHOD: Participants were 37 individuals (51% male; mean age 45.6 years) receiving the intervention as part of the trial. Semistructured interviews and focus groups were conducted to investigate participants' views of WELLFOCUS PPT.

Author(s): 
Brownell, Tamsin
Schrank, Beate
Jakaite, Zivile
Larkin, Charley
Slade, Mike
Publication Title: 
Administration and Policy in Mental Health

Administrative data were used to examine early dropout among 16,451 health plan members calling to request psychotherapy for depression. Compared to members referred to group-model therapists, those referred to network-model therapists were more likely to drop out before the initial visit (OR 2.33, 95% CI 2.17-2.50) but less likely to drop out after the first visit (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.43-0.48). These differences were unaffected by adjustment for neighborhood income and educational attainment, antidepressant use, or generosity of insurance coverage.

Author(s): 
Simon, Gregory E.
Ding, Victoria
Hubbard, Rebecca
Fishman, Paul
Ludman, Evette
Morales, Leo
Operskalski, Belinda
Savarino, James
Publication Title: 
The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

Psychotherapists' duty to protect potential victims from their patients' violence has evolved in recent years toward a narrower set of obligations. This reformulation of the duty appears to us to be consistent with a sociobiological analysis of the reasonableness of compelled altruism. Altruistic behavior (e.g., rescuing a potential victim) takes place rarely in the animal world, and even among humans usually occurs only in situations in which reciprocity is likely.

Author(s): 
Rudegeair, T. J.
Appelbaum, P. S.

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