Psychotherapy

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15 to 20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of complementary interventions and others such as surgery or diet on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions.

Author(s): 
Glazener, C. M. A.
Evans, J. H. C.
Cheuk, D. K. L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15% to 20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of complementary interventions and others such as surgery or diet on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions.

Author(s): 
Huang, Tao
Shu, Xu
Huang, Yu Shan
Cheuk, Daniel Kl
Publication Title: 
GMS health technology assessment

BACKGROUND: The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnostics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence. OBJECTIVES: The health technology assessment (HTA) report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies. METHODS: For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literature research was done in 31 electronic databases (e.g. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO).

Author(s): 
Korczak, Dieter
Wastian, Monika
Schneider, Michael
Publication Title: 
Oncotarget

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients suffer from diverse symptoms, including depression, anxiety, pain, and fatigue and lower quality of life (QoL) during disease progression. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of Traditional Chinese Medicine psycho-behavioral interventions (TCM PBIs) on improving QoL by meta-analysis. RESULTS: The six TCM PBIs analyzed were acupuncture, Chinese massage, Traditional Chinese Medicine five elements musical intervention (TCM FEMI), Traditional Chinese Medicine dietary supplement (TCM DS), Qigong and Tai Chi.

Author(s): 
Tao, Weiwei
Luo, Xi
Cui, Bai
Liang, Dapeng
Wang, Chunli
Duan, Yangyang
Li, Xiaofen
Zhou, Shiyu
Zhao, Mingjie
Li, Yi
He, Yumin
Wang, Shaowu
Kelley, Keith W.
Jiang, Ping
Liu, Quentin
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

In a systematic review of the efficacy of interventions intended to help people stop smoking, data have been analyzed from 188 randomized controlled trials. Following personal advice and encouragement to stop smoking given by physicians during a single routine consultation, an estimated 2% (95% confidence limits, 1%, 3%; P < .001) of all smokers stopped smoking and did not relapse up to 1 year as a direct consequence of the advice. The effect is modest but cost-effective: the cost of saving a life is about $1500.

Author(s): 
Law, M.
Tang, J. L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15 to 20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of complementary interventions and others such as surgery or diet on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions.

Author(s): 
Glazener, C. M. A.
Evans, J. H. C.
Cheuk, D. K. L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a common and distressing symptom in the advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases. Appropriate management requires both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological and non-invasive interventions to relieve breathlessness in participants suffering from the five most common conditions causing breathlessness in advanced disease.

Author(s): 
Bausewein, C.
Booth, S.
Gysels, M.
Higginson, I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic gastrointestinal disorder, affects from 3-20% of the US population, depending on sociocultural and comorbid factors. IBS is characterized by a symptom complex of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits that present as diarrhea or constipation, and general physical weakness in the absence of abnormal morphological, histological or inflammatory markers. The main diagnostic Rome III criteria as established by international professional organizations are based on exclusion criteria and the occurrence and rate of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Grundmann, Oliver
Yoon, Saunjoo L.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

In a systematic review of the efficacy of interventions intended to help people stop smoking, data have been analyzed from 188 randomized controlled trials. Following personal advice and encouragement to stop smoking given by physicians during a single routine consultation, an estimated 2% (95% confidence limits, 1%, 3%; P < .001) of all smokers stopped smoking and did not relapse up to 1 year as a direct consequence of the advice. The effect is modest but cost-effective: the cost of saving a life is about $1500.

Author(s): 
Law, M.
Tang, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic gastrointestinal disorder, affects from 3-20% of the US population, depending on sociocultural and comorbid factors. IBS is characterized by a symptom complex of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits that present as diarrhea or constipation, and general physical weakness in the absence of abnormal morphological, histological or inflammatory markers. The main diagnostic Rome III criteria as established by international professional organizations are based on exclusion criteria and the occurrence and rate of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Grundmann, Oliver
Yoon, Saunjoo L.

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