Expert opinion in child abuse has received considerable bad press and currently public confidence in this area of medical practice is low. Media interest has focused most on the diagnosis of factitious illness. However doctors who examine children in respect of proceedings arising from suspected sexual abuse should be mindful this area is potentially just as problematic. Widely different rates of abnormal findings have been reported. At least in part this has reflected inconsistency in interpretation.
Cognitive plasticity, a developmental trait that promotes acquisition of complex skills such as language or playing musical instruments, diminishes substantially during puberty. The loss of plasticity has been attributed to surge of sex steroids during adolescence, but the phenomenon remains poorly understood. We hypothesize that pineal involution during puberty may contribute to plasticity decay. The pineal gland produces melatonin, the level of which declines dramatically during onset of puberty.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
BACKGROUND: One of the largest health disparities in the USA is in obesity rates between Black and White females. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the stress-obesity link is stronger in Black females than in White females aged 10-19.
Ephebiatric sexual medicine is a specialty that still awaits its Vesalius. The age of onset of puberty has decreased by four years in the past two centuries, without a concordant change in social and legal institutions governing sexual and economic autonomy. Concomitant with the reintroduction of the ancient European betrothal system, the adolescent age of first coitus has lowered and averages two years earlier than first contraception. The hiatus is attributed to the moral sanctions against open access to contraception in adolescence.
Unlike the separation-based, stereotyped views of boys' developmental movement into adulthood, this paper will argue that there are more modern and relational models, as well as multiple pathways, for young males to journey through such rites of passage.
Reviews the book "The Psychological Problems of Religion. Ritual: Psychoanalytic Studies" by Theodor Reik (see record 1947-00539-000). A knowledge of the nature of the original impulses from which the present rituals were derived can throw significant light on modern as well as ancient religion. In his book, Dr. Reik attempts to develop such understanding by reconstructing from the forms of expression and hidden tendencies which the ritual, as he interprets it, still presents. For this purpose, he selects for analysis religious customs that are still practiced.
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Centella asiatica (CA) is a common medicinal plant used in the ayurvedic system of medicine to treat various ailments and as a memory enhancer. Despite its extensive usage in children, data on its ability to modulate neuronal oxidative stress in prepubertal rodents are limited.
While epidemiologic studies suggest that soy intake early in life may reduce breast cancer risk, there are also concerns that exposure to soy isoflavones during childhood may alter pubertal development and hormonal profiles. Here, we assessed the effect of a high-soy diet on pubertal breast development, sex hormones, and growth in a nonhuman primate model.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lipodystrophy encompasses a group of rare disorders characterized by deficiency of adipose tissue resulting in hypoleptinemia, and metabolic abnormalities including insulin resistance, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Leptin replacement effectively ameliorates these metabolic derangements. We report effects of leptin discontinuation and resumption in a child with acquired generalized lipodystrophy. METHODS: Intermittent treatment with leptin with follow-up over 5 years.